There are precisely four ways of knowing. That is by perception, reason, language, and emotion. Some might say that some of the four ways of gathering knowledge are more legit than the others. To me, emotion is the least legit way of being able to tell whether or not you know something. Reason and Language are both important ways of gaining knowledge. Perception is the most difficult way to be sure of whether or not you are gaining knowledge about something truthful, or something that is just simply believed to be true. However, before one can understand whether or not something is true or something is believed to be true, they must understand what being “true” and “believed to be true” are.
When something is truthful, no questions are raised on the subject and it is accepted. When something is believed to be true, then it is only true because one has made up their mind that it is true. However, in this theory, there does lay a discrepancy. Doesn’t it also hold that the only reason something is true is because the majority agrees that it is true, such as that space exists and that trees can grow tall? And isn’t it only believed to be true because only a minority accept it to be true? You might even say that there are some ideas and theories that were once “believed to be true” but now are established as “true,” such as the earth being round.
Reason, one of the four ways of knowing, depends on a person’s means of deducing a situation and using logic. However, what may seem obvious to one person might not seem obvious to another. We can communicate our findings through our language. Language is the best way to try and get a point across to another person. Language although mostly effective, can be a difficult tool to use when trying to relay information to a foreigner or someone who might speak the language fluently, but originated in a different country and culture. Meanings can get lost in translation.
... communicate with sign language. People who don’t understand sign language have the misconception that sign language is not a “true language”. In fact, professional ... component needed to be classified as true languages. One interesting example of a sign language is Nicaraguan Sign Language (NSL). NSL arose in the ...
If one chooses, he or she can believe a theory presented to them with little or no evidence. This ties into one’s emotions and what they choose to believe. However, the most effective type of evidence is the evidence that we can see, hear, taste, smell, or touch. Everything that deals with our senses is our perception. To eliminate all the uncertainties over what is and is not true, we can accept something as true if it appeals to all four ways of knowing.
Emotion is the weakest way of deciphering whether or not something is true. Emotions can be influenced by a vast majority of things. Emotion can also be very spontaneous and triggered by the slightest of actions. A new situation can be presented to a person and it could change their emotional state immediately. Examples of emotions that can instantly formulate into one’s head include: anger, hate, happiness, loneliness, and depression. These emotions can appear simply by watching television, talking on the phone, witnessing an even on the street, or another every day event. If someone has been waiting to get into a program and they make it, their mood turns into a happy one and their attitude towards the interviewer is a positive one. However if they do not get in, they become angry and have a negative attitude. One’s views and their beliefs can be compromised by small and trivial things and they can stand firmly by these beliefs because their emotion is so strong.
Emotions can help one stick to a belief. The stronger the emotion is, the more likely you will be attached to it. Emotions can also dictate the extent to which someone will believe someone else. For example, most children are emotionally attached to their parents, if their parents say that a large man dressed in red slides down their roof every Christmas Eve to deliver presents, that fallacy becomes as real to them as attending school every weekday. If I favor my chemistry teacher and, in turn, am led by her to believe that modern day chemists are on the brink of an amazing discovery and that they genuinely know what they are doing, when a discovery is made by a modern day scientist, I will assume that it is a grand and legit discovery and immediately accept it to be true. This process works into the Appeal to Authority concept. Another way of gaining knowledge that ties into Appeal to Authority is language.
... taken from the class notes of Emotion Language, from the study of Zoltán Kövecses: Emotion concepts: from happiness to guiltA ... the intensity of the emotion. Therefore it is very interesting how these differences appear in the English language. It is important ... upon external events and experiences . 4.Differences in language usageThe English language is rich in the metaphors and metonymies about the ...
The way of gaining knowledge through language is just as it seems. When one listens to another who is using their body or speech to communicate, they are gaining knowledge through language. You gain knowledge from listening to another regardless of whether or not you believe what they are saying. Language can be tied to one’s emotions. Orators make speeches dedicated to moving a large crowd of people to believe what the orator himself believes. People use language to persuade others to think a certain way or do a certain action. Universal figures such as Mahatma Gandhi or Martin Luther King Jr. used their speech to move crowds to fight for freedom in a peaceful way. Their words are still remembered today. The power of words has a great deal to do with language and language’s influence over people.
Because language is how humans communicate, it’s the reason why the ideas accepted today are known to the world, transmitted through devices such as radio, television, newspapers, and spoken word. The scientific theories are expressed through a scientist’s explanations. In my past experiences, I’ve discovered that most scientists, although very knowledgeable in their field, have a hard time explaining the scientific processes that go into their experiments and their field of work. Even high school science teachers have a hard time trying to teach the subject of science. The truth is, most of the world’s population couldn’t tell you why shooting alpha particles through gold foil, as the scientist Ernest Rutherford did, could prove that there is a nucleus in the atom. Even with that said, the fact that the atom has a nucleus is accepted worldwide, and if you asked anyone to draw an atom, they would draw a nucleus with electrons orbiting around it.
... of language development, may be used to represent the sentence, 'Please may I have some milk'. Scientists have discovered that infants' first words ... they will learn it perfectly. If this is true, any child not hearing language during this period not only should not learn ... human voice, using changes in loudness, rhythm, and tone First true words appear between ages 12 to 15 months 12 Months to ...
Whether someone believes in a person’s words also deals with the way they reason things out. Their reasoning helps them justify in their mind why they believe what they believe, and why one “truth” is more legit than another. The person enters a process and tries to use logic in order to deduce the situation. If you ask someone what they were doing the night before and they answered, “I was over friend’s house,” whether or not you believed them would deal with your reasoning. In your mind you would think, ‘Is that what they said they were doing, last night?’ ‘Do they look nervous, as if they’re lying’ and you would go through many other questions. Depending on the answers to those questions, you would decide whether or not you believed the person. Deduction and reasoning were used to assess the situation and whether or not you believed the situation to be true was determined by your reasoning.
What you see and hear is also called into question when assessing information. This is how reasoning and perception relate to one another. The biggest way to make someone believe in something is to present evidence that appeal to their senses. You can’t just tell someone that your school environment needs a change because it’s not safe; you have to show them a film, or give them a picture. When you can allow someone to feel, smell, touch, or see what you want them to, then you can convince them of what you want to convince them of. However, someone can be easily convinced if all four methods of gaining knowledge are present. If I see someone sneaking into the neighbors backyard, and their stealthy movements give me a bad feeling, then I am sure to reason that they are up to no good.
We can differentiate between what is true and what is believed to be true better if we recognize that we believe to be true whatever appeals to all four ways of knowing. If hydrogen and oxygen are present on the periodic table, I reason that the rest of the elements must be real because I can see the water and I can breathe in Oxygen. So when a scientist discusses the periodic table, I take it to be true and I feel as though the words that are being spoken by the scientist are truthful. When something such as religion and Martians come into play, they are only believed to be true because they cannot appeal to all four ways of knowing. Something is “true” because we can justify it through our senses, our reasoning, our emotions, and our language.
... author noted this experience for many reasons, but most of all to appeal to the reader’s emotions. ... and hardworking, like most mothers are. Ethical appeals are one of the most important things for ... calling her for many interviews. Firoozeh used this appeal to show us that even though she was ... Whenever Firoozeh shares her experience about hearing the true feelings her peers had about her country and ...