Hopi indians- houses belong to women, exclusion of boys from adult male activities is greater than the exclusion of girls from adult female activities. suggests girls are more fully absorbed into the female assemblies than boys into male cohorts-sexually egalitarian society, gendered balanced societyNuer clan- the largest group of agnates who trace t hier descent from a common ancestor and between whom marriage is forbidden and sexual relations considered incestuous. A can is a system of lineages and a lineage is a genealogical segment of a clan. Nuerlan consists of 20 such clans. lineage is a group of living agnates, descended from the founder of that particular line.
Lineage system = Clan-maximal lineages-major lineages-minor lineages-minimal lineages rules of exogamyNuer say feuds and quarrels between lineages chiefly led to the their dispersal, two factors other than migration, quarrels intermarriage, since they are a pastoral people they are not bound by economic necessity or ritual ties to any one spot. N uer-free to wander as they pleased, a man can leave his family, herd, garden, neighbors if he feels like it and take up with other kinsmen usually his sister. Clans and lineages can never be dissolved into one. South africa- patriarchal-once cultures-those that trace descent through both the male and female line.
... a better shot at getting close to the female and impregnating her. Males passing as females, fish as bait, beetles as ants -- amidst ... , probably the sneakiest are those of the sexual mimics: males who imitate females to gain an advantage at mating time. Here in ... in the mating ball. Male and female red-sided garters look exactly alike, so the male with the female scent can effectively distract many ...
-minority, constitute a significant proportion of those cultures showing some matrilineality. matrilineal descent is what is predicted to occur if females are in control of inherited resources. does not mean females have won the battle simply means males do not want to control specific resources. Bilateral kinship- english quakers- secret arian endogamy coupled with elaborately preserved genealogy books. In principle all quakers were deemed of equal social status and everybody was related to everybody else. bilateral structures- practical economic significance of descent through females is usually at least as significant as descent through males.
-surnames, quakers thought of themselves as patrilineal corporations associated with a particular piece of physical property. Intersting point = founder of family is a woman, beginning of the line, descendants changed names regularly to the higher social status names if they had the opportunities Iban of Borneo (indonesia) long houses, ever family related cognatic ally within long house, non corporate group, no holdings, property, ownership, absence of economic activity-only corporate under jural matters-every one is under jurisdiction under head of house-bile k family independent from other families-own food, -residence w/ males – res w/ wife – system of filiation in which an individual can poses s membership of either his mother’s or fathers birth group. not both equal paternal filiation chosen among i bans. exogamous unit descent = the manner in which persons affiliate with their kin group. descent = a way in which statuses are ascribed and /or withheld on the basis of kin relationships. Nonunilinear descent-a group in which members trace their lineally through either or both sexes to a common known or unknown ancestor.
children are assigned alternatively to fathers then mothers groups Kwakiutl- names acquired from father or close agnate bilateral descent = where collective and corporate control is absent or minimal.