Many organizations design and implement plans that are put into action to ensure that each department of a company is running as efficiently and as effectively as possible. There are three main plans that organizations use to assist managers with the tasks of achieving their goals; strategic planning, tactical planning, and operational planning. Strategic planning is the broad overview of goals and strategies made by top-level management, which are set for the long-term future. Tactical planning is taking these long-term goals and breaking them down into more specific and direct objectives. “Operational planning identifies the specific procedures and processes required at lower levels of the organization.” (Bateman & Snell, 2011).
All three of these planning procedures are crucial in the success of an organized and successful company. In addition, a business might want to set up a contingency plan. A contingency plan will come into action if any of the prior plans should fail.
If we take a look at Subaru of America, we can see that their structure depends on these three organizational plans. This vast of an organization needs as much planning as possible because there is such a variety of departments and management alike, there need to be plans set in place so that the company can operate as one complete unit. Using the strategic plan, Subaru of America is able to let its top-level managers make decisions for future business. Using the tactical plan, the strategic plan is broke down between departments and has specific goals and deadlines. These goals are then passed onto floor managers who in turn put the goals and strategies into action. These goals can either be “single-use,” or on going day-to-day tasks.
... Gerald Graham Everyone, it seems, engages in strategic planning. For some organizations, the strategic plan provides zest and vigor; for others it ... achieve in the next few years are goals. Organizations should have goals on sales, profitability, return on investment, market ... "true" of your planning efforts: Line managers create the plan The plan has specific measures The plan is communicated to all ...
Bateman, T. S., & Snell, S. A. (2011).
Management: Leading & collaborating in a competitive world (9th ed.).
New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Irwin