Pakistan is a Muslim country and Islam is the official religion. Islam is the religion which is professed and practiced by the people of Pakistan. Pakistani culture can be called as “Mixed Culture”. The majority of people in Pakistan are Muslims by birth and faith. The society and culture of Pakistan comprises numerous diverse cultures and ethnic groups from the Punjabis and Sindhis in the east to the tribal cultures of the Baloch and Pashtun in the west and the ancient Dardic in the north.
These Pakistani cultures have been greatly influenced by many of the surrounding countries’ cultures, such as those of Turkish, Persian, Afghan, and Indians of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. Elements of Pakistani Culture Society: 1) Material Elements: The Material elements of Pakistani Culture have changed rapidly and extensively. modern technology and Consumer goods have been adopted by all sections of the society .
From Tea to Television or from Kentucky fried chicken to kidney transplant modern products have spread rapidly Pakistan’s Material culture is galloping ahead in line with global trends. a) Pakistan and Technology Elements: The developing countries should adopt appropriate technology which is based upon the need for providing employment. It should be according to the stage of development and within the prevailing economic policy framework of the country.
The Impact of Western culture on Pakistani culture has had both positive and negative effects on Pakistani society, though the negative effects outweigh the positive ones by quite a margin. Provision of Human Rights: The first and the most prominent is the Freedom of Press, Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Action. These fundamental rights have mostly been secured through excessive Western ...
Lake of Technological Advancement in Pakistan and its effects on Culture: * In Pakistan literacy rate is 52% which is not satisfactory. Due to illiteracy people are unaware about the importance of technology. They don’t know how to use technological items. * In Pakistan population growth rate is almost high, over populated countries cannot use the modern technology due to the fear of unemployment. * In developing countries like Pakistan, most of the officers who have no technical training are appointed and they no idea about the importance of use of modern technology. Due to high import cost of technology it is not used in all sectors of economies in under developed countries b) Pakistan and Economic Elements: Anything that makes slow the process of economic development is called obstacles to its functioning. The various obstacles to the Economic development in Pakistan may be categorized as economic, social, cultural, administrative and political. Obstacles to Economic Development in Pakistan * Cultural Obstacles: Cultural obstacles spring from people’s conventions, attitudes, and beliefs.
In the social normative values of Pakistan, family planning, female education and female job- are considered socially detestable, and against the social values. Heavy expenditures are incurred on birth, marriage, circumcision, and death occasions Exhibition of weapons, jewelry, and buildings are salient features of our society and are considered symbols of prestige. * Lack of National Spirit: This has been manifested in the form of regional, provincial, tribal, and similar other considerations in our body politics.
Masses are thinking in racial, provincial, religious, ethnic, and tribal terms and their vote behavior is influenced by these bonds Politicians exploit these feelings and serve their own interests. These developments have led the country toward economic, political, and social crises and disrupted the process of economic development. 2) Abstract Elements: Pakistan’s Abstract Culture consists of language, ideas, values, attributes, beliefs, customs, codes, institutions, tools, works and arts, religion, law, morality, ceremonies and festivals.
The connection between language and culture ha been considered by many scholars, and at present it has become an axiom that national culture manifests itself in national language. Language, being a unique storage of the cultura heritage of the nation, serves to transmit the collected wisdom of the nation from generation to generation. Specifically, people's beliefs, views of life and values ...
Pakistan has a very rich cultural and traditional background. A Pakistani culture is influenced by number of culture. Pakistan has many subcultures as it the museum of different races. a) Institutions in Pakistan and their impact on Pakistan’s Culture: If the country has weak institutions than it will be very hard for the nation to survive without any problems and difficulties. Instead of strong institutions, we have strong Persons. The only way Pakistan can progress is my making its institutions strong by converting it truly into welfare state.
Strong institutions means end of corruption, rule of law all problems mentioned below are by product of weak institutions. b) Social Values and Beliefs: Pakistani Culture is very unique in terms of its social and ethical values. These values are something which are given due importance. This culture revolves around the religion of Islam. It has been invaded by many different people belonging to different races. These people include the white Huns, Persian Arabs, Turks, Mongols, and various Eurasian groups.
These groups differ in their way of dressing, food, religion. Pakistani culture consists of different cultures starting from the Punjabis and sindhis to the tribal cultures of the easternmost Pakistani provinces. * Pakistanis take their time during greetings and ask about the person’s health, family, and business success. * Pakistani names often include a name that denotes a person’s class, tribe, occupation, or other status indicator. c) Language: Pakistan is a multilingual country with six major and over fifty-nine small languages.
However, the languages of the domains of power—government, corporate sector, media, education, etc. English and Urdu. The state’s policies have favored these two languages at the expense of others. This has resulted in the expression of ethnic identity through languages other than Urdu. It has also resulted in English having become a symbol of the upper class, sophistication and power. The less powerful indigenous languages of Pakistan are becoming markers of lower status and culture shame. Some small languages are also on the verge of extinction.
It is only by promoting additive multilingualism that Pakistani languages will gain vitality and survive as cultural capital rather than cultural stigma. d) Aesthetics: Culture of Pakistan has most aesthetic appeal. One of the most aesthetic aspects of the country is the beautiful scenery and architecture that is present in various areas of the country. The architecture of the country is best and it has the richest source of beautiful scenery; the best culture of Pakistan is in the northern areas of Pakistan and anyone who visits this region feels like that he has come in paradise.
Culture and Language are the major issues in the post colonial theory. My assignment will deal with these three factors in terms of colonial perspectives. The post colonialism mainly explores the ideas such as cultural diversity, geographical dimensions, Diasporas, race, ethnicity, marginality, hybridity, national identities, cultural transformation, changes and politics in language etc… ...