Most local law enforcement agencies are small in size and employ many civilians for data processing, finger printing and other clerical duties. Local law enforcement agencies are responsible for patrolling an area or jurisdiction, the apprehension, detention of adult and juvenile criminal suspects, for providing emergency services, community service and relations, criminal and forensic investigations, and enforcing traffic laws.
Most local law enforcement agencies also “perform a standard set of functions and tasks and provide similar services to the community: these include the following: traffic enforcement, narcotics and vice control, accident investigations, radio communications, patrol, peace keeping, crime prevention, property and violent crime investigations, finger printing processing, death investigations, and search and rescue ( Siegel, Senna, 2008).
Many local law enforcement agencies have become very involved with schools and the citizens of the community.
Many schools have officers on campus to assist teachers and students. Local police also have programs like D. A. R. E. that help educate children and parents about the signs of drug use, the dangers of drug use and domestic violence issues. The rural and outlaying county areas of a city are under the care of the Sheriff’s Department. The Sheriff provides law enforcement to residents living in the county area. Just like local or city police a Sheriff’s Department can vary in size.
The USA Patriot Act is very important to everyone in the United States of America. There are many people that are anti-patriot act because they feel it infringes on there constitutional rights. At the same time, there are enormous amounts of people that are pro-patriot act putting the safety of the home front as their number one priority. This act was very instrumental in giving our intelligence ...
The Sheriff’s Department’s are assigned their duties by state law and have the primary responsibility for investigating violent crimes in their jurisdiction (Gaines, Miller, 2006).
Local police and a Sheriff perform basically many of the same tasks however there are differences between the two agencies. For instance the Sheriff’s Department officers participate in the daily operations of jails. Sheriff Officers are also called upon for search and rescue operations, and Sheriff’s are more involved with the courts than local police officers (Gaines, Miller, 2006).
Also local law enforcement agencies perform more traffic related tasks than the Sheriff’s Department. Another important department under the operation of the Sheriff’s Department is the County Coroner’s Office. A County Coroner’s duties vary from county to county but their main function overall is to investigate all unexplained, unnatural, or suspicious deaths (Gaines, Miller, 2006).
Coroner’s assist law enforcement agencies with homicide investigations to help determine the accurate cause of death and when and how and an individual was murdered.
Here’s another interesting fact; if a Sheriff is arrested or forced to leave his or her position then the County Coroner becomes the main law enforcement officer for that county. The State Police are our most visible for of law enforcement on our highways today. Originally state law enforcement agencies were created to “assist local police agencies that did not have adequate resources available for crime solving, forensics, and arrest, to investigate criminal activities that have crossed state lines, to provide law enforcement to county and rural areas and to control labor and strike movements (Gaines, Miller, 2006).
Today State law enforcement agencies focus on enforcing traffic laws, regulating traffic, investigating motor vehicle accidents and investigating violent crimes. State law enforcement agencies have a wide variety of functions and responsibilities. Basically State police provide the same types of services as local law enforcement agencies except that the State Police may use his or her power throughout the state they work in, whereas local police officers are limited to their use of power within the jurisdiction he or she is working in.
Abstract In order to understand comp temporary law enforcement, we should recognize the conditions that impact our profession. It is agreed upon by many scholars that major changes in law enforcement occur every five years. Policing is sometimes characterize.".. like a sandbar in a river, subject to being changed continuously by the currents in which it is immersed... ." (Swanson, Territo and ...
In some cases the type of offense committed may determine who has power or jurisdiction over the case. federal law enforcement is divided into three categories: The Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of the Treasury. Each of these federal law enforcement agencies works together to solve specific types and forms of crimes. Federal law enforcement agencies are authorized by Congress to enforce specific laws or attend to specific situations (Gaines, Miller, 2006).
Under the Department of Justice the following are the following departments: The Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), United States Marshal Service (USMS), Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
The FBI is responsible for investigating federal law violations and has jurisdiction over two hundred federal crimes like sabotage, espionage, kidnapping, bank robberies, extortion, interstate crimes and civil rights violations. The FBI also assists and provides training to other law enforcement agencies.
There are eight separate divisions under the control of the FBI and they are the National Security Division, Criminal Investigation Division, the FBI laboratory, Criminal Justice Information Services Division, Information Resources Division, Training Division, Administrative Services Division, and the Critical Incident Response Group (Siegel, Senna, 2006).
All eight of these agencies work together to combat worldwide criminal activity such as terrorism, organized crime, foreign intelligence, federal drug offenses and white collar crimes.
Under the Department of Homeland security (DHS) the primary function is to protect United States citizens against international and domestic terrorism. There are fifteen separate agencies that operate under the control of the Secretary of Homeland Security. The DHS consist of the United States Secret Service, the United States Customs Service, Bureau of Customs and Border protection, Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (Gaines, Miller, 2006).
It is distinguished from other international organizations since it does not participate in international politics, military actions, religious aspects and cultural concerns (Dunoff & Trachtman, 2009). The principle of survival is based on extensive neutrality; implying that it primarily lays emphasis on issues concerning public safety, acts of terrorism, crimes concerning the environmental ...
Each of these agencies perform different tasks but the main objective is the same; monitor international and foreign military and or terrorist activities to protect citizens from harm, to stop illegal transport and delivery of goods through customs, to stop illegal immigrants from entering the country illegally. The Department of the Treasury is also part of law enforcement. The primary office is known as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) was formed in 1789 to regulate and control the federal government’s financial affairs.
The IRS mints coins and prints paper money, borrows money, collects taxes from individuals and corporations, and pays all of the federal governments expenses (Gaines, Miller, 2006).
The IRS Department also focuses on regulation and violations of the tax laws. The IRS has three branches the Examination Division that audits individual and corporation tax returns. The Collection Division attempts to collect owed and past due tax from individuals and corporations. The Criminal Investigation Division investigates possible tax fraud and tax evasion cases.
Even though most people do not consider the IRS as part of law enforcement it very much is, it just mainly focuses mainly on money matters. However just like with all the agencies discussed in this article the IRS under Federal Law can carry a firearm and arrest you. Our personal survival depends on our law enforcement agencies to provide us with protection and community service and apprehend criminal suspects. If anyone of these organizations only had power to function within a specific community then the rest of the places outside of this community would probably see a dramatic rise in criminal behavior and activity.
Without laws and law enforcement agencies the world would become disorderly and chaotic. Overall all of these law enforcement agencies carryout many of the same the responsibilities: providing citizens with community services, maintaining the peace, preventing and controlling crime, the apprehension of criminal suspects, and maintaining order of a community by the laws of our nation. Reference: Siegel, L. and Senna, J. (2008).
Curfew Law There are many laws passed in today's society that have a foundation for protecting our youth. Of course, many of these laws are a target for controversy, but one these laws seems to have found itself at the top of the list. This law, in many peoples opinion, is a direct violation of our rights as American citizens. Some believe that this is a gateway law that gives the government the ...
Introduction to Criminal Justice, 11th ed. Thomson Learning Inc. Chapter 5. Gaines, L. and Miller, R. L. (2006).
Criminal Justice in Action, the Core the 3rd ed. Thomson Learning Inc. Chapter 5.