He was a painter and architect during the High Renaissance. Unlike the other Masters at the time, he was enormously productive, running a workshop that encompassed 50 pupils and assistants. Much of his works remain, since they were done mainly within the Vatican. His works are are commonly organized into three phases: his early career, which conveyed the influence of his teacher, the Florentine period, when Raphael went to the city for four years, and his last years when his best work was produced.
Raphael’s family was a very artistic family. His dad was court painter to the Duke of Urbino, Federico Il da Montefeltro, and he helped his dad paint some of the pieces. Growing up and around the court gave Raphael excellent manners and social skills, which other artists like Michelangelo lacked. His mom died when he was eight. His dad remarried, but then died four years later. Orphaned, Raphael lived with his uncle Bartolomeo, a priest. Since he had helped his father with the court art, he showed much talent while living with his uncle.
There is a self portrait which exists, made when he was about 15 or 16; it the earliest known example of his work. He started an apprenticeship with Umbrian master Pietro Perugino. By 1501, he was fully trained and considered a Master himself. His style though, is very hard to tell apart from his teacher. They have stylistic and technique similarities like thickly applied paint, and they both use a varnish which causes the finished piece paint to crack. His first work by himself is the Baronci Altarpiece for the Church of St.
Francesco Clemente is a self-taught painter and published poet who was born in Naples, Italy in 1952; he also went to school for Architecture in 1970 in Italy (“Biography”1)(“Clemente”1). “In 1973 Clemente made his first trip to India, where he now spends part of each year studying the Buddhist religion and the Sanskrit language, the classical language of India.”(“Clemente”,1). He moved to America ...
Nicholas of Tolentino about 1502. He visited Sienna with another Perugino assistant, Pinturcchio. They did a fresco series together in the Piccolomini Library and Sienna Cathedral. After that, he traveled to Florentine, from 1504-1508. He quickly absorbed Michelangelo’s work, and thought it was very inspiring. Michelangelo hated Raphael though, and thought that he was making conspiracies against him. For some reason, when Raphael was in Florentine, he was obsessed with drawing naked, fighting men.
But nothing ever came out of it; just a lot of drawings. In 1508, he went to Rome, and lived there the rest on his life. In 1510, he was commissioned by Pope Julius II to paint the Pope’s personal library. There is four frescoes altogether: philosophy, law, poetry, and theology. The most well known is The School of Athens, which represents Philosophy. Many well-known people are portrayed, including Michelangelo. In the center is Plato and Aristotle, Athena is on the right, Michelangelo is the brooding, crouching figure in the front.
This work portrays that the Renaissance is the new classical age. Pope Julius II died in 1513, but that didn’t stop the works from being completed. The next Pope, Medici Pope Leo X, became really good friends with Raphael, and gave him even more commissions. Also, because he was friends with the architect Bramante, he got a sneak peak at the Sistine Chapel, and was awestruck by the beauty of it. In 1513, he painted Galatea, which is based off mythology. It shows the Cyclops Polythemus fleeing.
The painting incorporates Da Vinci’s triangular composition, which demonstrates Raphael being influenced by other artists. Two years later, he finished another significant painting, The Sacrifice at Lystra. This work displays two men, Paul and Barnabus, journeying to preach the word of God. They end up in this town, and the town folk believe they are Gods because they heal a crippled man, when they really aren’t. Raphael was an accomplished architect as well as painter. Since he was Pope Leo X best friend, he was given the commission to design St.
My older friend next door once told me that if I shut my eyes and blew on a candle, all of my wishes would come true... I used to believe her and go around the house candle hunting. How my parents must have laughed to see me scrambling around the furniture, picking up the candles around the room, and blowing the little flame out until my cheeks hurt. I made the most outrageous wishes. I wished to ...
Peter’s Cathedral, but it was never carried out. If it had been, there would be columns all the way down the nave, which would have made it considerably darker and bulkier than the design now. He did some villas as well, but only one of them still exists. During his lifetime, he was made Groom of the Chamber, which means he just waits by the Pope to help him, or in Raphael’s case, you’re the Pope’s best friend. He was also a knight of the Papal Order of the Golden Spur, which meant you have contributed to the glory of the Catholic Church.
Both things basically accumulate to an increase in income. Raphael was supposed to marry Maria Bibbizena, his fiancee, but he never did. It is speculated that he was thinking about becoming a Cardinal, and if you’re with the Church, you can’t be married. Another possible reason is he never really loved her. He had a mistress as well, whom he nick named “La Fornarina” but her real name was Margherita Luti. Maria actually died only a month or two before Raphael himself. The last painting Raphael did was The Transfiguration in 1520. He died April 6, 1520.
His death was caused by a long night of excessive sex with his mistress, and he fell into a fever. He was given the wrong cure by his doctors, and he died. He was 37 years old. Raphael’s funeral was extremely grand, and he is interred at the Pantheon. On his sarcophagus, it says, “Here lies that famous Raphael by whom nature feared to be conquered while he lived, and when he was dying, feared herself to die.