The French Revolution itself took three stages, the Moderate Stage, the Radical Stage, and the Reactionary Stage. Throughout the French Revolution the different revolutionary governments and their purposes shifted from one to another as time progresses. During this progress one can see how change was made by the French citizens and its sprit and eventually democracy was achieved.
The French Revolution begun with the formation of National Assembly (later known as the Constituents Assembly) on June 20, 1789. The primary goals of its time was to was end the social injustices such as issues of taxation without presentation and natural rights that must be guaranteed. On August 26, 1789 the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen was passed. In it provided the freedom of speech, thought, and religion; due process was of law was guaranteed; taxes could be imposed only by the consent of the governed; the right to rule was said to be not only the king’s but the whole nation’s. During this time the French political goals were trying to alter make France into a Constitution Monarchy and have an elected Legislative body.
In June of 1791, the royal family fled toward the counterrevolutionary army. However, they were discovered and sent back to his palace. Soon afterwards the people of France lost faith in the monarchy and the Tuileries were stormed, the king was taken prisoner. The angry mobs slaughtered over a thousand of priests, bourgeois, and aristocrats who opposed their program. This event marked the rise of Jacobins and the dictatorial Committee of Public Safety which was also the era of Reign of Terror. The leader of the Jacobins, Maximilien Robespierre pushed for execution of Louis XVI and his queen, Marie Antoinette in the year of 1793. In this era of French history, the political goals shifted from Constitutional Monarchy to a Republic. And the main goal of this time was to ensure the political power centralized with the Jacobin. In this event the Enrages (radical working class) leaders of Paris seized and arrested Girondist members of the National Convention and left the Jacobins in main control. Other goals included insurance that under the Terror there will only be supporters of the Revolutionary movements and stripped the First Estate of its power.
The Term Paper on Describe The Goals And Uses Of Political Science citizenship And Democracy And Political Actors
Describe the goals and uses of political science (citizenship and democracy) and political actors. An elitist Plato, opposed to democracy and hostile to the masses, fills the literature. In the midst of an extensive philological and grammatical commentary on Plato's Republic, James Adam (1902, 2.24, ad loc. 494a) includes the following brief but telling observation: "The theory of Ideas is not a ...
As time progressed, the Jacobins lost their power and Maximilien Robespierre lost his power. After his death, the National Convention decided to establish a directory called the Five-member Directory. In the time period of 1795-1799 the main goal of the Revolution shifted once again. This time the target was to establish a new constitution and solve the economical crisis. However, it was a failure due to it many interior corruptions. In 1799, the Parisian mobs demanded a new government and a new leader, Napoleon Bonaparte and overthrew the Directory with a coup d’état.
When Napoleon Bonaparte took the title, the First Emperor, his main focus was rebuilding France back to original glory. Using various war strategies he was able to divide and conquered his neighbors. He was able use his reforms to reassure the dissolution of the Old Regime by establishing egalitarianism in government, before the law, and in education opportunity. Another goal that was shifted throughout the Revolution was the law. During the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte, he passed the Code Napoleon which replaced varied and inequitable medieval law with a uniform legal system. He created a merit system to recruit and reward those in government. He also lowered taxes on farmers and guaranteed redistributed church lands. This created an independent peasantry that would be the backbone of French democracy.
Persuasive Essay Can a Cultural Revolution take place in the US, one of the most powerful countries in the would? The Revolution had a great effect on China, origin of the eastern civilization. During the Cultural Revolution in China, the economy stopped growing, the development of China nearly stopped and the Chinese teenagers did not get enough education. We don't know what would happen in the ...
In conclusion, ever since the formation of the National Assembly the goal of the Revolution was always shifting as new political powers were replaced and rose until democracy was finally reached, and all traces of the Old Regime are gone.