Paintings: Rococo and Neo-Classical
Rococo refers to a decorative painting based majorly in France and most often is used in interior design, in painting, in architecture, and also sculptures. Rococo is usually associated with King Louis XV and his reign. The Rococo movement started in the seventeenth century. With the death of Louis XIV around this time, and the rise of middle class society, the French high society of Paris grew to become the fashion pinnacle.
Rococo is characterized by an ornamental, light, and an elaborate art style; which is identified by the elegant as well as the detailed ornamentation coupled with curved and asymmetrical forms. This style of art mainly attracted the senses and not intellect; it stressed on beauty and not depth. It was a movement aimed at portraying the aristocracy life, and preferred themes of mythology, romance, fantasy, and in general everyday life. These themes are seen in the works of Jean Fragonard such as Love Letters. Many consider this style of art to be the close of Baroque period. It went on to be replaced by neoclassicism over the course of the French and American revolutions at the close of the 18th century.
Neoclassicism is the style of art that came after the Rococo and stresses on order as well as restraint. It mainly developed in France and then later spread to England. This style is polished, lucid, and considered to be precisely fitting to the social position as well as the genre of work of its characters. Neoclassical architecture is mainly based on principles of symmetry and simplicity. These were the virtues which were seen in the arts of Ancient Greece, and Rome. They were instantly drawn from sixteenth century Renaissance Classicism.
At the beginning of this era, a synthesis of local styles known as the International Style predominated Europe art and the Gothic style was dominant in architecture. This era also began in the shadow of the person sometimes seen as the precedent of the great Italian Renaissance masters. His frescoes, notably those in the Cappella dell Arena in Padua used the concepts of Byzantine art that governed ...
The difference between neo-classical paintings and Rococo styles stems from the fact that neoclassicism is has no pastel colors as well as haziness. Alternatively, the neoclassical paintings have very sharp colors and Chiaroscuro. Examples of these paintings are Jacques Louis David paintings like his self-portrait, and the Death of Marat.
Cunningham, L. S., & Reich, J. J. (2009).
Culture and Values: A Survey of the Humanities with Readings. Stamford: Cengage Learning.