• Question 1
Mass migration, from rural to urban areas has led to large changes in many aspects of life in China.
Construct an essay, which considers the possible economic, social and political benefits that result from this migration and the possible environmental challenges that stem from it.
mass migration is an important socioeconomic phenomenon in China, the most populated country in the planet. The number of migrants moving from rural areas to big cities increases day by day, especially after the relaxation of the “Hokou” registration system. Which it no longer restricts the migration of the rural population to large metropolises, but it does restrict the access of rural migrant to public services such as public health and social services, to name a few. In the last decade, the Chinese government has become more aware of the situation, considering the migration dilemma as a priority. However, despite the creation of new laws and rules to protect rural migrants and promote the migration of the working force from rural areas to major cities, there are still, many challenges to face.
China is the third largest country in the word with a population of more than 1.300 million, of those, 268 million people have migrated from the countryside to urban areas (U116, Part 1, chapter 4, p. 39); the main reason to this is the search for new opportunities and escape from poverty. Rural workforce come from underdeveloped provinces and migrates to urban areas such as Beijing, Shanghai and surrounding areas. This has contributed to an increase in the gross domestic product in 16% in the last twenty years, which is one of the biggest benefits that mass migration. However migrants continue to be more vulnerable than the local population, as even though their income is considerably higher than of those who decide to stay in the country side, migrants face great difficulties, in terms of right, medical services, drastic changes in their lifestyles, relocation, segregation and worse of all, fall into poverty.
Migration from a Developing Country to a Developed Country: Pros and Cons Although the pace of international migration has somewhat slowed down, the number of international migrants, who are moving from a developing country like Jamaica, to the developed world, is consistently increasing. In this respect, international migration becomes the issues of the day, as more than any other issue, it puts ...
Poverty within migrant communities should be perceived as multi dimensional problem rather than just economic. In China poverty is classified into two groups, urban and rural, and even though the Chinese government has made a tremendous effort to reduce poverty in rural areas, new efforts to decrease it, fail to provide migrant workers who reside in urban areas with better solutions to escape poverty, this has translated into a loophole. For this reason it is paramount to a make changes in order to efficiently tackle the situation.
Even though the Chinese governments, central and local, play and extremely important role regarding the mass migration problem, as politicians can create and decree new politics, allocate funding and redesign systems. I firmly believe NGOs have the potential creativity and flexibility to explore new strategies and alternative measures to solve problems in different local contexts. These organizations can also help by providing the population with information regarding migration, which will raise awareness and probably pressurize the law making process.