The Russian revolution was caused by many issues including the devastating losses in World War I, social class issues, a backward and agricultural economy and autocracy.
A main problem causing the Russian revolution was that the leader of Russia, Tsar Nicholas II.
Tsar’s beliefs and unwillingness to become Tsar started the Russian revolution.
The Tsar believed he was appointed by God and he could do as he pleased and didn’t consult anybody. He also was opposed to the westernization of Russian which left Russia
Many disliked the Tsar and because there was no parliament to represent their views, it was difficult to get their voices heard.
This resulted in many strikes, riots, demonstrations and protests which were stopped by the soldiers, often the feared Cossacks.
Only 5% of the Russian population was aristocracy or nobles, leaving the rest peasants and workers.
These peasants and workers in the city lived in terrible conditions; they lived in filth, famine and worked 12 to 15 hours a day.
The tsar soon announced a war against Japan, in result the prices rose, caused shortages in food and other supply’s. This resulted in factories closing and leaving people unemployed and starving.
After the war in 1905 against Japan, Russia was left starving due to food shortages, freezing due to coal shortages, exhausted from the war effort and humiliated by the defeat.
Bloody Sunday, a memorable event in Russian history where Tsar Nicholas II ordered for the peasants, who were protesting outside the winter palace for free speech and the right to vote, to be fired against. It is unknown how many people died on the 22nd of January, 1905.
... that Alexander II was influenced by foreign war demonstrating Russias backwardness, and also fear of revolution in bringing in his reforms. In this ... scope and vision and certainly did not remove Russias backward nature. The final Tsar in Russian history is perhaps the best illustration of ... any amount of pressure from the middle classes or the peasant masses. In short it is clear from my examination of ...
At the end of January, more than 400,000 workers were on strike, the government had barely any control over the strikes, demonstrations, etc.
The Tsar knew that communism would arise so he abdicated and issued the October Manifest on the 30th of October, this promised a parliament or DUMA which would be elected by the people, civil rights including the freedom of speech and the right to form political parties which was a major demand by the Russian people.
This achieved little, and the Tsar felt he was able to take back leadership of his country once again, although the Russian people had a different opinion of the Tsar as ‘Bloody Nicholas’.
Later, the Russians people started to come together with their support for the Tsar. He started to work more closely with the Duma.
Due to the war, over one million soldiers were killed, wounded or taken prisoner in 1914, Three years later, and another seven million.
Back at Russia, the economy was getting worse, with millions of men were forced to go to war. This caused many problems in making and transportation of food. This again, was causing factories to close and more unemployment. Poverty was worsening with the price of goods going up and barely rising at all.
Tsar Nicholas then made another terrible mistake by going to the war front himself; this left him to be blamed for the defeats of the war.
While the Tsar was at war, he handed over the ‘Tsar’ role to his wife, the Tsarina and Rasputin.
The Tsarina refused to work with the Duma, she replaced the ministers with men who were easily influenced or said they were friends with Rasputin.
In March, 1917, the situation was getting severe; workers desperately wanted a political change, food and fuel.
Again, 40,000 workers went on strike for higher wages. The Tsar ordered for the crowd to be stopped by force, but the soldiers refused and then marched with the workers to the Duma demanding it to take control of the government.
Later, on March 15th the Tsar abdicated.
The Russian revolution was mainly caused by the weak Tsar, and its incompetence and authoritarian views of the Tsar. His failure as a leader has caused poverty within Russia.
Introduction A successful implementation of MBO in any country requires a narrow examination of such elements as customs and traditions of that country, which give support to the application of MBO. History These elements are highly influenced by the history. Starting from the early centuries, Russian people got accustomed to live under the central rule when the tsar was the only decision-making ...
Therefore, the Russian revolution sparked issues between the social classes and was a turning point of great change of economy for the citizens of Russia.