(2.1) Signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses
Blocked nose, caused by build up of phlegm or mucus
Nasal pain and irritation
Runny nose, the discharge is usually clear and runny at first before becoming thicker over the course of the infection Coughing
A hoarse voice
A general sense of feeling unwell
Slap Cheek – viral illness which usually affects children 6-10yrs Bright red rash on cheeks
General aches and pains
Loss of appetite
Initially flu like symptoms as above
Rash starts as small itchy red spots that develop a blister on top and become intensely itchy. After 1-2 days the fluid becomes cloudy and crusts over, then they fall off naturally. They generally appear in clusters which can form anywhere on the body. In rare cases children can become severely unwell and develop abnormal symptoms like pains in the chest, difficulty breathing and the skin surrounding the blisters can become red and painful. Scarlet Fever
Takes 2-5 days to appear
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Rash develops within 12-48 hrs later with above symptoms. Starts with red blotches which turn into fine pink / red rash which feels like sand paper. Swollen neck glands
Loss of appetite
White coating on the tongue which peels a few days later, leaving it red and swollen, sometimes referred to as strawberry tongue Tonsillitis
White pus filled spots on the tonsils
(2.2) Describe actions to take when children/young people are ill or injured. If a child shows signs of illness or are not feeling well, the school will inform the parents, so they can take them home. All schools must have at least one qualified first-aider – In my school all staff are trained in first aid. When dealing with minor cuts, bruises or grazes the first-aider would apply ice-packs, clean with water/sterile wipes, or dress as necessary. In all cases, gloves MUST be worn and lotions or creams NEVER applied. Medicines should not be administered to children except by prior arrangement with the parent and head teacher. In the event of injury or illness, an incident report would be filled out and sent home to parents and also recorded in the school incident book. Serious accidents have to be reported to the health and safety executive by law.
(2.3) Circumstances when children/young people might require urgent medical
attention. Choking or difficulty with breathing
Faints or loss of consciousness
Potential and actual fractures
(2.4) Describe the actions to take in response to emergency situations – Fires, security incidents, and missing children or young people. a) Fires
In the event of a fire, the first concern is to remove children from the building immediately. Each classroom has a list of fire instructions particular to that room. Exit points are indicated and staff are asked to familiarise themselves with the room which they work. On hearing the bell, the class teacher instructs the children to stop what they are doing and line up quietly to leave by the emergency exit and go to the top playground where they line up in class order. The register is then taken. Any classes already in the playground should just stay there. The school secretary takes the register to the teachers who check there own classes.
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Classroom assistants have designated areas to check before leaving the building. Staff & children stay in these positions until the head teacher indicates it is safe to return to classrooms. The head teacher co-ordinates practices (at least 1 per term) and any real situations, the secretary does the job in the heads absence. Staff is asked to make sure they know where the fire extinguishers are but only trained staff should use them. Emergency Services (999) are contacted by the school secretary from the office. b) Security Incidents
Unauthorised access, members of the public or parents.
Threats of physical violence to staff
Doors or gates being left open or unlocked
Weapons being found
All security incidents should be reported to your supervisor or someone higher up the ladder. It is important to follow school procedures such as;
Signing in / visitors wearing badges
Keeping doors locked
When & where to collect children
Who can collect children
c) Missing children or young people
If a child / children are missing the actions to take are;
Report to the teacher responsible
Check register and ensure other children are present and safe Check school and grounds
Inform the child’s parents
Inform the police