Furthermore, their analyses involving criminal behavior identifies the structural uniqueness that has recognized the essential facts within a society on how it correlates to crime and criminal behavior. Moreover, Shaw and McKay’s work is in use today as a valuable tool when addressing crime and criminal behavior within the community level. Therefore, this paper is a brief examination of Shaw and McKay’s Theory of Juvenile Delinquency. Shaw and McKay’s Theory of Juvenile Delinquency
Small town or country sociologists became concerned with the disruptive effects of rapid population growth, which provides some factual data that the processes of social ineffectiveness problems in urban settings and that these processes influenced a community’s ability to develop and continue with a well-built form of community relations. According to Osgood & Chambers, (2003) “social disorganization theory” identifies numerous variables and one of them being residential instability.
For example; these authors anticipated that percentages of adolescent violent behavior in a residential society would escalate as percentages of residential instability inflated. When the residents of a neighborhood continuously change, hence the citizens within that area has fewer opportunities to develop closely with public relations with each other, moreover, these communities failed to partake in neighborhood organizations. Shaw and McKay’s idea was the most intensive study of social disorganization from the time of its beginning. Substantial population change is also the key independent variable core research on urban settings.
An individual’s personality is his/her distinctive pattern behavioral tendencies or psychological process that defines how he/she reacts with the environment. Personality manifests itself in one’s behavior towards others people and situations in the surrounding. While some aspects of personality are genetically inherited, others are picked from one’s environment. Personality that is influenced by ...
Another variable of Shaw and McKay’s belief that Lilly, et al, (2011, p. 44) mentions is cultural diversity. Consequently, social ineffectiveness suggests that it can be anticipated that in metropolitan areas percentages of juvenile violence may be instrumental in rural neighborhoods with higher cultural difference. Furthermore, ethnic varieties hamper with communications between grown-ups. Crucial communication is unlikely to occur with cultural variety because of the differences in traditions, thus causing the possibility that it will instill fear and uncertainty between the different cultures.
Family disruption was another variable mentioned as a social ineffectiveness. Studies conducted within the inter-city settings have discovered that criminal behavior percentages elevated to high intensity of family disruption. Furthermore, this view was just as accurate within rural neighborhoods as it was in urban neighborhoods. Moreover, according to Lilly, et al, (2011, p. 46), “Pratt and Cullen (2005)” completed a sufficient diagnostic evaluation of the accessible studies on social disorganization theory and they found it problematical in evaluating this hypothesis.
Perhaps one of the greatest things that help in Shaw and McKay’s idea was the subject experiments of “Sampson and Groves (1989)” who asserted that non-communal parenting contact in the way with their capacity to manage their kids and correspond with other responsible individuals within their community. Furthermore, the lesser amount of adults residing in a neighborhood compared to the number of kids will result in less supervision for the children within that community.
The conclusions are appearing to be reliable across the youthful offenders. Many analysts’ maximizes their explorations of the few crimes presumed to be for the most part true, such as murder and robbery. Nonetheless, the associations of between the neighborhoods distinctiveness to the percentage of an common physical violence are virtually identical to the usual abominable crimes such as murder and robbery. The ideologies of social ineffectiveness were the experiments of metropolitan communities that may be useful to rural neighborhoods.
Civic League Helen Sykes, a resident of the Norfolk area, feels that the tight community neighborhood is drastically decreasing. She is among many home owners whom feel this way. In order to restore our community we must work from every angle including those areas that may be less fortunate. Many of the children in this area have no where to go after school therefore they are becoming latch-key ...
Therefore, these conclusions hold up Shaw and McKay’s argument that it was a connection between poverty along with other issues that spoil the management of community associations within a neighborhood, thereby creating social ineffectiveness. (Osgood & Chambers, 2003) References Lilly, J. R. , Cullen, F. T. , & Ball, R. A. (2011).
Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences (5th Ed. ).
Osgood, D. W. , & Chambers, J. M. (2003).
Community Correlates of Rural Youth Violence. Retrieved from https://www. ncjrs. gov/html/ojjdp/193591/contents. html