The Treaty of Versailles, imposed upon Germany, sowed the seeds of WWII, by taking away Germany’s territory and requiring the country to pay back enormous reparations to the winning countries.
January 10- Hitler was appointed chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg.
– Nazi party rises to power.
– Hitler talks about his ideas of taking over land and purifying it.
March 12th- First concentration camp opens at Oranienburg outside Berlin
April 1st- Nazis Boycott of Jewish owned shops.
May 10th- Nazis burn books in Germany.
June 7th- Nazi party declared official party of Germany; all other parties banned.
October 14th- Germany withdraws from the Disarmament Conference at Geneva,
October 21st- German Chancellor Adolf Hitler withdraws Germany from the League of Nations
January 26th- Germany and Poland sign the 10 year, nonaggression pact.
July 25th- Nazis murder Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss
February 2nd-The Gestapo is placed above German Law.
February 12th- Adolf Hitler decides the time is right for Germany to re-occupy the Rhineland.
October 25th- Rome-Berlin “Axis” alliance formed.
Battle of Britain- July 10th- October 31st
– An intense air battle between Germany and Britain
On 30th January, 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg, but why did he get this prestigious honour – why did Hitler become Chancellor? There are four main reasons as to why this happened, and they are as follows: the Weimar government’s weaknesses; his own leadership skills and the Nazis tactics; the Great Depression; and political manoeuvring between ...
– Germany was overconfident and did little planning, so they expected to conquer Great Britain quickly.
– The Germans bombed Britain for months but clearly Great Britain had won and Germany was forced to postpone the rest of their invasion.
– This was the first battle in WWII that Germany had faced defeat.
Pearl Harbor- December 7th
– Japanese Navy struck the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor with a surprising and deadly attack
– It was the attack on Pearl Harbor that brought the U.S. into the war.
– The attack was supposed to be a preventive attack used to scare the United States from interfering with Japans’ plan to wage war against Britain, the Netherlands, and the United States
– There were two waves of planes that attacked the U.S Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. The first arrived at 7:55 a.m. and consisted of 183 planes. The second wave arrived almost an hour later with 167 planes.
– In all, the Japanese sank or damaged 188 aircraft, eight U.S. Navy battleships, three destroyers, three cruisers, and one minelayer. The damage caused to the Japanese navy was very small, Only 29 aircraft out of 350 were destroyed
– There were 2,403 people killed, 68 of those were civilians. 1,178 were wounded.
– Hitler declares war on the United States
– January- The first U.S. troops arrived in the British Isles
-nearly a year passed before they went into action against the Axis.
– May- The Royal Air Force began its air offensive against Germany
El Alamein- July 1st- 27th
– Italy invaded Egypt.
– January: launched 2nd offense.
Milne Bay- August 25th- September 7th
– Australia and U.S. vs. Japan.
– We were greatly outnumbered, but we still won.
– This was the first loss for Japan.
Midway- June 3rd- June 6th
– led by Admiral Chester Nimitz
– It was between; Japan, America and Allies.
– The turning point was that, it helped the allies to begin winning back land from Japan.
Japan committed what some would consider suicide, when their aircraft bombed Pearl Harbor.1 Pearl Harbor was the most important day of World War II. This was the first strike towards the US. making them enter the war. Even though the US. had been involved a little before this. The attack prompted full entrance of the US. into the war.Japan wanted to not depend on white imperialist nations, like ...
– 3,500 Japanese dead; 0 Americans dead.
Stalingrad- August 21st- February 2nd, 1943
– German army approached Stalingrad
– German air forced bombed the city
– The General of Russia wanted to blow up their own factories
– Stalin wanted his cities protected at all costs.
Guadalcanal Campaign- August 7th- March 6th, 1943
– The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor à U.S. in war
– Japanese lost around 500 planes due to kamikazes
Battle of Tarawa- November 20th- November 23rd
– U.S. vs. Japan.
– One of the fiercest and bloodiest battles in Marine Corps history
Philippine Sea – June 19th -20th
-Took place on the island of Saipan
– 32,000 Japanese soldiers were stationed.
– The Japanese lost 243 airplanes, 3 carriers
– The Americans lost 29 planes.
– Hundreds of Japanese jumped off a cliff after the island was captured
Iwo Jima- February 19th – March 16th
– 216 Japanese captured
– Over 19,000 U.S. soldiers were wounded
– The U.S. needed Iwo Jima as a naval base.
– Raising the flag was a memorable moment
– They used grenades to kill off the Japanese
Okinawa- April1st- June 21st
– U.S. invaded Okinawa.
– The invasion was to be the largest fleet movement in U.S. history
– Over half a million men participated
– Americans didn’t capture the little island until the end of June; after that, the Japanese had no other soil to defend.
– 38,000 Americans wounded; 12,000 killed or missing
– Bloodiest battle of the Pacific War
May 8th- Germany surrenders
September 2nd- After the 2 bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japans surrendered
Treaty of Versailles- Signed June 28th, 1919
Great Depression- 1920-1940
Dictators threaten world peace
The war cost the lives of more than 330,000 American soldiers. Many more were permanently injured.
The Japanese American internment which took place during the second world war referred to the relocation and confinement of over 100,000 people who were Japanese Americans or nationals of Japan. These people were taken to housing facilities which were commonly known as the war relocation camps. This internment was carried out selectively in the United States with most of those who were interned ...