The History of the World Wide Web
The original ideas for the World Wide Web came from the government. They were using the internet to share information quickly and more efficiently but the public wasn’t allowed to use it. The World Wide Web was created by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. He created it as a way for researchers of the European Organization of Nuclear Research (CERN) to share their research more efficiently and, ultimately, more quickly. Today, however, the World Wide Web is used for a more, common, purpose. When the Web was first made the researchers had to type in the exact address to get to the page they wanted or it wouldn’t take them anywhere. This inspired Lee to add the ‘hypertext’ links which allowed researchers to type in something and get a list of results that had something to do with what the person typed in.
It all started in the 1980’s when an English physicist, Tim Berners-Lee, was working as an independent contractor for CERN. In 1980 Lee created a database call ENQUIRE. Then in March 1989, he wrote a proposal for a hypertext database similar to ENQUIRE but this time using the Internet to make it available globally. Then, Robert Cailliau, a fellow CERN worker and a Belgian computer scientist, rewrote the proposal the following year and joined Lee in pitching it to vendors at the European Conference on Hypertext Technology. However, even with the dual effort there was little interest at that point.
Even though they had little success at the European Conference Lee still pursued his idea. By the end of 1990, Lee had developed the Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP), a method of sending information across the Internet, and the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), the language used to build web pages. Using a primitive browser/editor he simply called World Wide Web, Lee created a web server (info.cern.ch) that housed the first-ever website, which described the project. Another CERN employee, Nicola Pellow, created a simple web browser that could be used on nearly any computer since the first server was made for a NeXT computer which was usually too far advanced and the programs ran on them usually wouldn’t work on a regular computer.
Lido Anthony Iacocca was born on October 25, 1924 to Nicola and Antoinette Iacocca. He graduated in 1945 from Lehigh University and received a master's degree in engineering from Princeton University in 1946. He began his career as an engineering trainee at the Ford Motor Company in August 1946, but after nine months, wanting "to be where the action was", he shifted to sales and marketing. This " ...
When the World Wide Web was still being developed there was a debate over what it should be called. CERN considered calling the World Wide Web the “Information Mesh,” “The Information Mine” and “Mine of Information.” They finally decided to call it the World Wide Web, because it was a web of information connected by the hyperlinks created by lee that could be accessed all over the world at any time. That is where the name the World Wide Web came from.
The World Wide Web became public on August 6th, 1991. After that release of the Web, most people who used it were University professors, scientists, and researchers. The first publicly-available, graphics-enabled browser was Erwise. Erwise was released in April 1992. In February 1993, the graphics-enabled browser Mosaic was created thanks to funding from the Al Gore-backed funding program known as the High-Performance Computing and Communications Initiative. Mosaic was the first browser to allow text and multimedia to appear on the same page (as opposed to pictures always needing to be opened in a separate window), and was extremely successful in expanding the use of the Web beyond scientists and researchers. The Mosaic Communications Corporation changed its name to Netscape in 1994.