Joseph Stalin was a Georgian Marxist Revolutionary leader who became the dictator of the USSR. He was born in Gori, Georgia. He studied at Tiflis Orthodox until expelled in 1899. After joining a Georgian Social Democratic organization in 1898, he became active in a revolutionary group and travelled to Siberia. This was when Stalin learned his totalitarian ways. After the death of Vladimir I. Lenin in 1924, Stalin became leader of the Soviet Union. He believed the ways of the Soviet Union were old and the west was far ahead of them. This led his to create the 5 year plan and make changes to industrialize. From the 5-year plan, 25 million farms were produced which were only big enough to feed the families that were harvesting them. Between 1934 and 1938 he built up a government, and armed forces in which millions of people were imprisoned, exiled, or shot. In 1938 he signed a Non- Aggression Pact with Hitler. After the German invasion in 1941, the USSR became a member of the Grand Alliance, and Stalin, as was leader, took the name of “Generalissimo”.
Stalin wanted to industrialize the USSR and began with his idea of the 5-year plan. The industrial revolution of the USSR started in 1928. He began with the agriculture in the country. He seized almost all farms and controlled which crops were grown were. Due to his stealing of the farms, farmers weren’t growing the crops as well as possible, the food rotted quickly and wasn’t consistent. “The first Five Year Plan introduced in 1928, concentrated on the development of iron and steel, machine-tools, electric power and transport. Joseph Stalin set the workers high targets. He demanded a 110% increase in coal production, 200% increase in iron production and 335% increase in electric power. He justified these demands by claiming that if rapid industrialization did not take place, the Soviet Union would not be able to defend itself against an invasion from capitalist countries in the west.” )
Josef Stalin was born with the name Ios if Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on December 21 st, 1897 in. As a young boy he was nicknamed 'Soso'. He had a sickly childhood, with disease and poverty taking a toll on his life. He was the only child of his parents that lived past infancy. He had dark hair, yellow eyes, and a ruddy complexion and stood just 5 feet 4 inches. Stalin then went on to serve in ...
In 1939, just prior to World War II, Stalin, who feared the power of Nazi Germany, signed a non-aggression treaty with Hitler. The Treaty only lasted two years, when the Germans broke it and invaded the Soviet Union in 1941. Stalin decided to wage his own war on Nazi Germany, he rallied his people against Germany, and started forcing the Germans out after the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943. “The Battle of Stalingrad (July 17, 1942-Feb. 2, 1943), was the successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in the U.S.S.R. during World War II. Russians consider it to be the greatest battle of their Great Patriotic War, and most historians consider it to be the greatest battle of the entire conflict. It stopped the German advance into the Soviet Union and marked the turning of the tide of war in favor of the Allies. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the bloodiest battles in history, with combined military and civilian casualties of nearly 2 million.” (http://www.history.com/topics/joseph-stalin)
Stalin decided to crush those who appeared to have doubted his wisdom and ability. Stalin launched a major campaign of political terror. No one was safe from the arrests and deportations to labor camps. He had overworked his people and they were dying, most of them in slave camps. The workers had very long days, and he’d often make workers stay overtime with no pay. Those who did not work were exiled to Siberia or killed. Those who worked very hard for Stalin sometimes got bonuses such as trips, or goods likes televisions and refrigerators. The workers had to conform to Stalin’s policies. Stalin’s harsh treatment of workers created a country which seemed corrupt at the time, but later on it improved by the hard work Stalin had forced upon them. Stalin became mad with power and they had no personal freedom. They had to worship Stalin because all other religions had been demolished and most churches had been destroyed. Soon there were food shortages in the country and over 6 million people died of starvation. This was the greatest man made famine in history. Also, people had poor family lives. Abortions and divorces became very common and wedding rings were banned. There was no room for homes as some people had to live in tents.
History has shown that education help people get out of poverty. This is true for many countries where higher educators are highly valued. Education also promotes pride especially for parents, it is a way of showing faces with relatives, friends and neighbors, but more importantly an education builds wealth, gets promoted and self-esteem. One reason for seeking higher education is building a ...
Education was strictly controlled by Stalin. He introduced a universal way of education for all people of the country. Exams, banned under the previous ruler, were brought back. The way subjects were taught was monitored by the government – especially History. Books were strictly censored by the country and Stalin had made it extremely hard to learn anything outside of his guidelines. Outside of school, children were expected to join youth organizations. From 19 to 23 you were expected to join the Komsomol. Children were taught how to be a good socialist-communist and they were taught how to do things like life a “clean life” Education under Stalin worked to build a stricter society. “The education law of 1935 allowed teachers to use strict methods of discipline, this is from rule one of the twenty rules of behavior that was to be memorized by each student, “It is the duty of each school child to acquire knowledge persistently so as to become an educated and cultured citizen and to be on the greatest possible service to his country” This is one example of the move to a stricter education that put emphasis on sports and testing. Stalin’s education policies worked to educate the country on a mass-scale. The Illiteracy rate after the implementation of the large shift in education around the country had decreased to just 4% of the male population in 1939 and 18% of the female population. This statistic shows in great detail the strategies used by Stalin to educate a large portion of the public in a communist way.” (http://josephballin.blogspot.com/2011/11/education-under-stalin.html)
Traditional Education System Change My LifeEducation is a way to generate the complexities of knowledge. It is necessary for everyone to understand the public policy from the education. However, I was being in a nine years spoon-fed education system in Hong Kong. Particularly, traditional family spoon-fed education was influenced me unhappy and dependent. My family was a one of the simple ...
Stalin became obsessed with his own power. It was not unusual for Stalin to be in a white suit so that he stood out from the crowd. He gained the nickname “Uncle Joe” to show is people that he was the ‘father’ of all Russians. All people who were writers were forced to write about Stalin. Artists painted pictures glorifying Stalin and the city was decorated by his face. Some artists and authors were so depressed by all this that they committed suicide rather than do what the state ordered them to do. Many others tried to leave the country. Besides being decorated by his face it was also a display of embarrassment for the people of the Soviet Union. “Every factory had large display boards erected that showed the output of workers. Those that failed to reach the required targets were publicity criticized and humiliated. Some workers could not cope with this pressure and absenteeism increased. This led to even more repressive measures being introduced. Records were kept of workers’ lateness, absenteeism and bad workmanship. If the worker’s record was poor, he was accused of trying to sabotage the Five Year Plan and if found guilty could be shot or sent to work as forced labour on the Baltic Sea Canal or the Siberian Railway.” (http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=2042) In April 1950 Stalin encouraged North Korea’s communist ruler Kim Il Sung to invade South Korea and unify the country as a single communist state, and promised to support the North’s military.
Stalin did not expect the United States to come to the aid of South Korea. As a result, the North Korean attempt to overrun the South ended unsuccessfully after three years and the loss of some 3 million lives. In February 1953 Stalin began laying the groundwork for a new terror campaign against Soviet Jews, ordering the construction of four enormous prison camps in Kazakhstan, Siberia, and the Arctic north. But he did not live long enough to turn this dream into a reality. On March 1 he collapsed at his country home outside of Moscow, and he died four days later, it is assumed he had a stroke. Throughout his reign he took many lives and was finally stopped by death until he could take any more.