In George Orwell’s 1984, the strategies used by Oceania’s “Party” to achieve total control over the population are similar to the ones emplaced by Joseph Stalin during his reign. Indeed, the tactics used by Oceania’s “Party” truly depicts the brutal totalitarian society of Stalin’s Russia. In making a connection between Stalin’s Russia and Big Brothers’ Oceania, each party implements a psychological and physical manipulation over society by controlling the information and the language with the help of technology. In fact, many features of Orwell’s imaginary super-state Oceania are ironic translations from Stalin’s Russia. In Oceania, the “Party” mainly uses technology as the chief ingredient to implement a psychological manipulation over society by controlling the information they receive. An example of this is the big screen television set up in every person’s home, and the poster all over the city.
The giant “telescreen” in every citizen’s room blasts a constant stream of propaganda designed to make the failures and short successes of the Party appear to be glorious. In Winston Smith’s apartment, this “instrument” is always on spouting propaganda and constantly brain washing the peoples’ mind. In actual fact, “It could [only be] dimmed… there [is] no way of shutting it off”. In doing this, the “Party” is in complete control over the citizens’ mind, blasting Salazar 2 what they want each individual to think (p.6).
Elizabethan England and Russia during Stalin There are and have been many cultures upon this earth. There are cultures that might seem weird to us and cultures that look at us in wonderment. They have different lifestyles and whole different outlooks on life. Studying cultures is a work in itself. By studying and comparing other cultures, we can find out more about our culture and ourselves. ...
They psychologically stimulate each individuals mind, limiting their ability to think and have a mind of their own.
In a similar way, Stalin’s created “The Poster” and The Pravda (the Russian newspaper controlled by the government during Joseph Stalin’s regime) to twist and manipulate the minds of people into believing that what they were saying was absolutely right and truth. Using this power, Stalin and his regime would get people to do anything for them. (Basgen, Soviet History- website) The creation of gigantic posters is one of the most psychological manipulating tactics used in Oceania and Russia with the enhancement and help of technology. In Oceania, one could find “A colored poster…with the face of a man… [Whose] eyes fallowed you about when you moved”. The caption in the poster says that “Big Brother Is Watching You” (p.5).
In placing poster like these all over Oceania, people are constrained and restricted to their actions. They are in a constant battle all the time debating whether their actions are right or wrong in the eyes of “Big Brother”.
For example, when Winston sits down to write in his dairy, he writes “in sheer panic, only perfectly aware of what he was setting down” (p.11).
In this instance, Winston is afraid of the act of writing in a dairy, but he decides to do so in sheer panic. This results as the effect of Oceania’s “Party” psychological manipulation of the mind. Every time a person decides to do something, they will have a sheer image of the poster and the caption “Big Brother Is Watching You” in the back of their heads. Hence, this action limits the person capability to act freely and express their inner sentiments. (Jeffrey p.220-225) Salazar 3 Alike, “The Poster” was the most prominent form of psychological manipulation during Stalin’s reign.
Until World War I the poster had avoided social themes. However, as Stalin’s Russia rose to war and as a world power, the posters took a turn to be commercial and cultural, an attempt to develop an expanding market and advertise various entertainments. The posters of World War II took on a new task: to mobilize the population in support of the war effort. Stalin’s Posters featured themes of mobilizing the armed forces, reconstructing the economy, as well as various specific war time problems. It was at this point that the government began to make efforts to “shape public opinion” and “arouse patriotic feelings”. The government assigned this task to the mass media.
Inna Sokolyanskaya Mr. Resnick H 4 G-07 Due 05. 30. 00 During the period leading up to World War II, there were two famous dictators who were on opposing sides, yet had similar records. These men were Adolph Hitler and Joseph Stalin. They were each triumphant in their rise to power in their countries and they were very comparable in the ways that they succeeded. Their success was mostly attributed ...
Every political event in Russia found resonance in a poster. The main Communist Party newspaper, Pravda, announced the issuing of each new poster, political or economic. Publishing information about the posters promoted the style of art among broad masses of Russia. In addition to announcing the new publication of a poster, Pravda would issue a review of the poster. Posters became such an important tool for propaganda, that the words, ‘Those who take down the poster commit a counter revolution”, were printed at the bottom of each poster. Thus, ‘With the help of this handiwork in the streets and in the squares, the rapprochement between art and the people that other dreamers have been waiting for will come about.
It is not pictures hanging in museums, or book illustrations passed among book lovers, or frescoes, which are accessible only to the few, but the poster and the lubok (Russian folk print), which are produced in the millions for the masses and the streets that will bring out to the people, show them what can be done and with brush and paint, intrigue them Salazar 4 by their artistry and unleash the pent up reserves of artistic possibilities’ (Viacheslav Polanski).
In doing this, Stalin and his regime manipulated and brained washed the individuals of their society just like the “Party” did in 1984. With these tactics, the people are only told what the political party wants them to hear (Jeffrey p.240-5).
In addition to psychologically manipulating the peoples mind, the “Party” and Stalin’s regime physically manipulate society through the control of language and technology. “The Party” in 1984 keeps citizens under surveillance through the telescreens. They are found in all rooms belonging to Party members as discussed earlier, and in public places. No one knows how often the Thought Police tap into any individual wire. “It [is] conceivable that they watch everybody all the time (p6).
Problems of Nation Building in Malawi The identity of pre-colonial Malawi centered on the Mar avi Empire, a very loosely organized society covering a large expanse of territory. In the late 1800 the British colonized Malawi that was called then Nyasaland. The general process of Westernization during the colonial era - through Christianization, education, modern commercial practices, urbanization ...
As a result, people are always with a fear of behaving the wrong way and try to act and say the “correct” things the government wants. They are physically manipulated. Let’s take for instance the moment in which Winton tries to write in his dairy. He first sits in the “alcove…ke ….