The pieces of art I will be comparing and contrasting are the three statues of David, by Donatello (Donato di Niccol’o di Bet to Bard i), Michelangelo (Michelangelo di Ludovico Buonarroti Simon i), and Bernini (Gian Lorenzo Bernini).
The statues are modeled after the biblical David, who was destined to become the second king of Israel. Also most famously known as the slayer of the Philistine giant Goliath with a stone and a sling. The sculptures are all based on the same biblical hero, but differ from one another. Each David is unique in its own certain way. A good deal is known about Donatello’s life and career, but little is known about his character.
Donatello was born in Florence, Italy in 1386 and died in 1466; he was never married and had no children. He was a master of sculpture in bronze and marble and is considered to be one of the greatest Italian Renaissance artists of his time. The first sculpture is of Donatello’s David, 1425-1430. Its material is bronze and stands 5′ 2 1/4 ” and is currently located at Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence. The sculpture is a nude and is contrapposto.
The scene being depicted is after the clash with Goliath. Donatello’s statue of David was the first large scale, free-standing nude statue of the Renaissance. The sculpture helps to strike a balance between classicism and the realism by presenting a very real image of a boy in the form of a classical nude figure. Although Donatello was inspired by classical figures, he did not choose a Greek youth in his prime as a model for his David. Instead, he chooses a barely developed adolescent boy whose arms appeared weak due to the lack of muscles. After defeating Goliath, whose head lies at David’s feet, he rests his sword by his side.
There have been many states of David sculpted by famous artists like Donatello, Verrocchio, and Michelangelo. Bernini's version of David and is about to begin his attack on Goliath, as he appears posing. The statue seems to be moving through space and the action suggests that the action of flinging the stone requires a lot of room around David. The statue forces the observer to look past the ...
It seems almost impossible that such a young boy as David could have accomplished such a task. The look portrayed on David himself too seems doubtful of the deed, as he glances down towards Goliath’s head at his feet. Michelangelo was born on March 6, 1475, at Cap rese, in Tuscany and died February 18 th, 1564. The second sculpture is of Michelangelo’s David, 1501-1504. Its material is marble, it stands 13′ 5′ and is currently located at the Galleria dell ” Accademia, Florence.
Michelangelo’s David is based on the artistic discipline of di segno. It is said that under this discipline, sculpture is considered to be the finest form of art because of how it mimics divine creation. Michelangelo worked under the premise that the image of David was already in the block of marble he was working on, in much the same way that the human soul is thought to be found within the physical body (Michelangelo’s David).
Unlike the David of Donatello, Michelangelo’s David is not shown after conquering his enemy. Instead, he is portrayed as an extremely athletic and manly character; the sculpture even depicts a worried look cast upon David’s face and the carved marble veins seem to pulse with anticipation as he contemplates the upcoming fight.
Cast over David’s shoulder is his sling, and the stone is clutched in his right hand. Michelangelo’s David depicts the ideal youth who has just reached manhood and is capable of great physical and intellectual feats, which is part of the classical tradition. Like Donatello’s David it too is an example of the contrapposto style of posing the human figure. Gian lorenzo Bernini, born in 1598 in Naples and died in Rome in 1680. His first works were inspired by Hellenistic sculptures that had been brought to Rome during imperial times. The last sculpture is Bernini’s David, 1623, which is remarkably different from those of Donatello, and Michelangelo.
Religious themes were vital to sculpture in the 17th Century due to the Baroque style becoming popular. Bernini was one of the great sculptors and three sculptures by him which are religious are; ‘David’ 1624 (part of a commission to decorate the Borghese Villa), ‘Monument to Urban VIII’ (a work which took 19 years to complete) 1647, and ‘Ecstasy Of St Teresa’ (the work which furthered his career ...
The material is marble, the status is life-size, and depicts David during the fight. Unlike Donatello’s and Michelangelo’s David, Bernini’s sculpture is not a nude. Bernini’s statue is faithful in most aspects to the biblical story. David is swinging his slingshot toward Goliath, while the armor he chose not to wear lay at his feet. This hero is full-grown and engaged as he takes aim and twists his muscular body a split second before slinging the stone grasped in his left hand and hurtling it towards Goliath.
David may stand alone in the sculpture, but Goliath is envisioned by the viewer as being off in the distance. Bernini’s sculpture is filled with so much more movement then the previous two sculptures, that one would be tempted to duck if passing in front of this David. As you can see, the works sculpted by Donatello, Michelangelo, and Bernini differed, even though they focused on the same subject. Donatello presented David as a young boy who seemed incapable and amazed at being able to strike down Goliath, but did as seen from the giant’s head at his feet.
Michelangelo’s David is more athletic and manly in his young adulthood and seems more capable of the task set before him. Michelangelo has captured David’s whole heroic nature and depicted him before his clash with the behemoth known as Goliath. Whereas Bernini’s statue of David seems to be a full grown man and wholly animated in form. He has captured not only the heroic man, but the heroic moment seconds before Goliath slaying, and has depicted David during battle. Bernini’s like Michelangelo’s David also appears to be strong enough to handle taking down Goliath. These three artists all had differing ideas on how to present such a famous figure in sculpture.
References Emil Ken and Daniel Marx. (2005).
DONATELLO Biography. Retrieved 05/28/2005, from web (2005, 05/27).
Donatello. Retrieved 05/28/2005, from web (2005, 05/27).
David. Retrieved 05/28/2005, from web (2005, 05/27).
A Comparison of Arthur Becomes King and David and Goliath Two of the most renowned leaders of all time, King Arthur and King David, have emerged from very humble beginnings. David and Goliath, written by Samuel, is a bible story about a young boy defeating a huge Philistine soldier by fighting in the name of God. Arthur Becomes King, written by T. H. White, is a story about a young squire becoming ...
Michelangelo Buonarroti. Retrieved 05/28/2005, from web Buonarroti.