Running head: THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
The Existence of God and
The Arguments that Defend It
The Existence of God and the Arguments that Defend It
Does God exist? It is the question that has flooded the minds of philosophers and scientists, students and professors, and children and parents alike. On one side, there are the atheists who zealously fight against the current of rationality for the argument of the nonexistence of God. And on the other side, there are the theists who simply defend God’s obvious existence. To prove the existence of God, I will shed some light on three different arguments: the Cosmological Argument, the Teleological Argument and the Axiological Argument.
Like the other arguments, the Cosmological Argument is written in the form of two premises and one concluding statement. This argument states, “Everything that had a beginning had a cause. The universe had a beginning. Therefore, the universe had a cause.” 1 The concluding statement holds true because the premises are able to withstand questioning. In simpler words, the world had to have been made from an outside cause. Everything could not have come out of nowhere. Even Julie Andrews once said in The Sound of Music, “Nothing comes from nothing. Nothing ever could.” One would not argue that his or her great writing skills came from nothing; skill comes from the age-old process of teaching and learning and so on. Even the Big Bang Theory would not be able to explain where the elements causing the significantly random and highly improbable combustion came from.
Discuss the extent to which Descartes has overcome his doubts of the first Meditations In Descartes' meditations, Descartes begins what Bernard Williams has called the project of 'pure enquiry' to discover an indubitable premise or foundation to base his knowledge on, by subjecting everything to a kind of scepticism now known as Cartesian doubt. This is known as foundational ism, where a ...
This brings me to my next argument, the Teleological Argument, or the design argument. The argument states, “Every design has a designer. The universe is a highly complex design. Therefore, the universe has a designer.” 1 Nothing caused, or created, is made by random selection but by meticulous design. My favorite example of this is the comparison of the Grand Canyon and Mount Rushmore. Mount Rushmore is obviously not a random composition but a complex and designed structure. The Grand Canyon is complex, but it is not premeditated by a designer. Another example of the Teleological Argument is the structure of a single cell. The intricate details and functions of a cell could not possibly come from unsystematic chance, but it must have come from an omniscient designer.
That brings me to my last point: the Axiological Argument is the argument for moral law. The argument states, “Every law has a giver. There is a Moral Law. Therefore, there is a moral law Giver.”1 An absolute moral law must come from an absolute, omniscient and unadulterated moral law giver. Without an ultimate moral standard, one cannot distinguish between good and evil. For example, if a man was to gruesomely torture and murder your mother and there was no moral standard, then no one could say that he did anything wrong. Not even you. Justice would be meaningless, and our actions would not be subject to consequence. Thus it is much more rational to believe that these moral standards, this idea of good and evil, has been given by a transcendent Being.
Now, finally getting back to the opening question “Does God exist?” And the answer is: Yes! Using the Cosmological Argument, the Teleological Argument, and the Axiological Argument, the existence of God can be proven. One could argue that the average person has the innate sense of good and evil and does not need a god, but without a cause, a designer, or standard of morals given by moral law giver, then we would be absolutely, ironically, and quite literally nothing.
1 Geisler, Norman. Turek, Frank. (2004) I Don’t Have Enough Faith
Arguments Against The Design Experiment Essay, Research Arguments Against The Design Experiment Nikki Tobacco Philosophy 100 048728607 Food For Thought? Do we dwell in a Universe Created by a Designer? The phenomenon of the creation of the universe has baffled many for some time. The question of whether or not a designer/God put together this most intricate world in a personal quest or project ...
to Be an Atheist. Wheaton, Illinois: Crossway Books.