The Turn of the Screw by Henry James can be interpreted in two main ways; as a psychological thriller or a ghost story. In the book, the central character and one of the narrators, the governess, has convinced herself that the children, Miles and Flora, are seeing apparitions. Another explanation is that she herself created these images through her madness. The governess desires so much to be loved that she drives herself insane. The author also does a good job of convincing the reader that the ghosts of Miss Jesse and Peter Quint are “real.” Yet, I believe differently. There are many clues that allude to the fact that the governess is having a psychological break down do to the fact that she is lonely and yearns to be loved.
I will discuss the clues that lead me to this conclusion in this paper. At the beginning of the book, during her first interview, the governess’ job is described as, “a vision of serious duties and little company, of really great loneliness” (28).
This quote proves to me that the governess’ job required very little social interaction. This gives her a lot of time for her mind to wander.
Also during the interview the governess becomes physically attracted to the uncle. She uses words like handsome and pleasant to describe him. The governess is beginning to fall for the uncle, but when he leaves she finds herself alone again. There is no one around since she is so isolated at Bly. She now begins to create the first of the apparitions. The governess is very lonely, and decides to take a walk.
The present study explored the factor structure of engagement and its relationship with job satisfaction. The authors hypothesize that work engagement comprises 3 constructs: vigor, dedication, and absorption. Using structural equation modeling, the authors analyze data from 3 archival data sets to determine the factor structure of engagement. In addition, they examine the hypothesis that ...
The governess says that she dreams of a man on the turn of the path that would stand before her and smile in approval (39).
As you continue to read she then says, “And with a shock much greater than any vision had allowed for was the sense that my imagination had, in a flash, turned real. He did stand there” (39).
This man, in fact was the ghost of Peter Quint. This image of man was created in the governess’ mind.
She even states it herself when she senses that her imagination in fact had become real. In this part of the book, Henry James tells us that the image was produced in the governess’ mind, but we are in shock and are convinced that it was an actual ghost. The governess desires to be loved, but she is still not full filled. She then becomes attracted to, “her little gentleman” (33).
The governess’ little gentleman is Miles; the young boy that she is in charge of watching.
Through out the book the governess has little pet names for Miles. It becomes blatantly obvious that the ghosts are created in the governess’ mind at the end of the novel when Peter Quint appears in the window for the last time while the governess holds Miles close at her side. The governess begins to scare Miles by referring to the ghosts and their appearance before them. Miles of course does not see the ghosts, but out of fear asks the governess if they are there.
The governess replies to Miles and says that, “It is he!” (120).
There is also a foot note at the bottom of the page that refers to Miles’ eyes as sealed. The author here compares Miles’ eyes to that of Mrs. Grose’s. Neither of the two has ever seen the apparitions. While Miles continues to stand there the governess grabs him to hold him tight and to protect him.
She holds him so close that she actually suffocates him. “We were alone with the quiet day, and his little heart, dispossessed, had stopped” (120).
From reading the book, The Turn of the Screw, one can see that there are two interpretations of the book: a psychological thriller and a ghost story. At first it is not evident that the apparitions are just a product of the governess’ madness, but after seeing how she yearns to be loved it is all clear. Her desire to be loved and held by someone drives her to madness and even to murder. The book is a product of her mind, and she makes it become a reality..
There has been a lot of talk lately concerning the possibility of computers replacing the position of books in our life. I believe it is truly possible. Many years ago, people used books for everything related to education. In fact, the human’s best source of knowledge and education was the book. But computers have gained popularity in a very short amount of time and everyone at least has one ...