The Pueblo Revolt was in 1680. The Pueblo Revolt was the result of Pueblo Indians rebelling against the mistreatment by the Spanish people. The Indians were starving and dying from disease because of the Spanish people. The Pueblo Indians did not want the Spanish people in New Mexico. They wanted to go back to their religion and the Indian ways. These actions by the Spanish people are what led to the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.
There were many reasons why the Indians wanted the Spaniards off their land. The Indians were mistreated in many ways. One of the reasons they wanted the Spaniards off their land was that they were forced to work for the Spaniards as well as raise their own crops. Another reasons they wanted them off their land was that the Spanish people brought diseases to the Indian people. The diseases killed many Indians. The diseases that were brought to the Indian people were small pox, measles, whooping cough, and many other diseases. In one year 3,000 Indian people died from small pox alone. The Pueblo Indians did not have an immune system built up to fight against these diseases.
Another reason was that the Navajos and Apaches were raiding the Pueblo Indians. The Pueblo Indians blamed the Spanish for this because they couldn’t defend them. They raided them because they wanted their food. They wanted their food because they could not trade with them anymore. The last reason they wanted the Spanish out was the weather. There was a five year drought between 1667 and 1672. The crops would not grow and the Indians were starving to death. They were not allowed to do their rain dance either because the Catholic priests would not allow them. The Indians were also forced to become Christianized. The Spaniards burned down the kivas and forced them to become Christians. The Indians wanted to go back to their own religion to bring rain.
The Pueblo Indians are the historic descendants of the Anasazi peoples, also known as the "Basket Makers." The Pueblo people live in several locations in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico in compact, permanent settlements known as pueblos. Pueblo means village or town in Spanish. The Pueblos were first encountered by the Spanish in 1539, by the Spanish Franciscan missionary Marcos ...
In 1675 the priests asked the governor to arrest the Pueblos religious leaders because the priests did not want the Indians to practice their religion. The governor sent out soldiers to arrest the religious leaders called medicine men. They arrested 47 men and brought them to Santa Fe. The Spaniard hung three of them and the rest were whipped and put in jail. The Pueblo Indians went to Santa Fe and demanded that the Spaniards let the religious leaders go free. The governor had no soldiers around at that time so he let them go. Among these Indians a man named Popé was released.
The Pueblo Indians thought that if they could unite they could defeat the Spaniards. The Pueblos uniting would take a lot of planning and secrecy. Popé moved to Taos and became one of the leaders of the Pueblo Revolt. The day that they chose to start the Revolt was August 11, 1680. They sent out people called runners to let the Pueblos know when the Revolt was going to happen. The runners were carrying a rope that had knots in it. Each day the runner would untie a knot to let them know how many days were left until the Revolt starts. The Spanish people found out the Revolt on August 9, which forced the Pueblo Indians to start the Revolt a day early.
The Pueblo Revolt started on August 10. The Spaniards fled toward El Paso, Texas, when the Indians started attacking them. The Pueblo in Taos killed 70 Spaniard right away. The main part of the fighting was in Santa Fe where the governor Antonio de Otermín was. On August 15 the Indians had surrounded Santa Fe. The Spaniards fought hard under the leadership of Otermín. The Indians cut off the town’s water supply, which made the Spaniards go out and fight for water. On August 22 Otermín gave up Santa Fe to the Indians. They let the Spaniard go south. The Indians were escorting them out of New Mexico to make sure that they would leave. They had accomplished their goal in getting the Spaniards out of New Mexico.
... and consequences of these 2 conflicts. The Great Pueblo revolt of 1680 all started with the droughts of 1660 when the Southwest ... all of the pueblo towns wanted to unite against the Spaniards. The group from the pueblos went to the governor of Santa Fe ... governor tried to negotiate with the Indians before they attacked, but it failed and the next morning the Spaniard attacked the Indians. The Indians ...
The Indians took over the Palace of the Governor and destroyed every Christian symbol they could find.