The battle is called the First Battle of Bull Run or the First Battle of Manassas. Where was the battle fought? The battle took place at Manassas in the South, somewhere near Virginia. When was the battle? The battle took place after the skirmishes at Mitchell’s Ford and Blackburn’s Ford or about three days after the said events. To be specific, the First Battle of Bull Run happened in July 21, 1861 (“The Battle of Bull Run” 2002).
The Union Army retreated and the battle ended only a day after or on July 21 and 22 (“The Battle of Bull Run” 2002), with a total of casualties that reached 3,000-5,000 on the side of the Union troops, and about 2,000 casualties on the side of the Confederates (“Battle of Bull Run 1” 2008).
Who was involved? The battle was between the Union troops and the Confederates. Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell headed the Union troops, specifically the Army of Northeastern Virginia, which was sanctioned by Pres. Abraham Lincoln to move towards Manassas. As for the side of the Confederates, it was headed by Brig. Gen. P. G. T.
Beauregard, with them marching from the Shenandoah Valley, where Brig. Gen. Daniel Tyler of the Union would be attacking them by the Stone Bridge. It was a sound plan, however, it was said that “McDowell’s forces were much too green to carry it out effectively” (“Battle of Bull Run 1” 2008).
What made it significant? In spite of the big amount of casualties, what made the battle significant, apart from the fact that it made known many members of the armies on both sides, especially the Union, was that the battle made the Federal commanders realize that ill success is due to “the inferiority of the musketry” (“The Battle of Bull Run” 2002).
... of men on the field of battle (about 18,000 on each side were engaged at Bull Run), and Beauregard ordered a counterattack ... managed to break the Union line. As McDowell’s Federals retreated chaotically across Bull Run, they ran headlong into hundreds of ... offensive nonetheless, reasoning (correctly) that the rebel army was made up of similarly amateur soldiers. McDowell’s army began ...
Franklin believed that “troops knew very little of the principles and practice of firing” (“The Battle of Bull Run” 2002).
Works Cited “Battle of Bull Run 1. ” 2008. CivilWar-History. com. 2008 <http://www. civilwar-history. com/Battle-of-Bull-Run-1. aspx>. “The Battle of Bull Run. ” 2002. CivilWarHome. com. 2008 <http://www. civilwarhome. com/1manassa. htm>.