Nature is our life. Without natural resources we would never exist. We must care of our nature. But unfortunately not everyone takes it into account.
We know – since primitive epoch people live in harmony with environment. The nature served man for thousands of years and it seemed that natural resources were unlimited.
But with the development of civilization human interference in nature became destructive. People began to abuse of natural riches, without realizing the importance of the consequences of their activities.
Appearance of thousands of smoky industrial enterprises all over the world with their harmful emissions causes the pollution of air – we breath, the water – we drink, the land we grow vegetables on.
Every year world industry pollutes the atmosphere with huge number of dust. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast forests are cut and burn in fire, what upset the oxygen balance. As a result – rare species of animals and plants disappear, lakes and rivers dry up.
The pollution of the air and world’s ocean, destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man’s careless interaction with nature and sign of ecological crises.
It mainly concerns large countries, vast majority of which have unsatisfactory ecological condition.
Russia is not an exception.
... of the natural world is that he must take the action to slow and reverse human population growth. There are ecological limits to ... a subject of discourse: the deep feeling people have that nature is under siege by the artificial, destructive cultures of modern ...
The analysis of ecological situation in Russia show that the crisis tendencies which appeared in the latest 15 years don’t get over and in several aspects becomes deeper. At that the specific indexes of the negative effects on the environment on the expectation of one person and units of gross domestic product in Russia are one of the highest in the world.
Concentrations of the detrimental impurities exceed maximum allowable content in the atmospheric air of 185 cities and industrial centres, what is 40% of the whole population of the country.The main sources of air pollution are still enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy , chemistry and petrochemical industry, construction industry, power engineering, pulp and paper industry and motor transport.
Air pollution causes 41% of breathing organs illness, 16% of endocrine system illness, 2,5 % of oncological illness.
Not only local sources of detrimental impurities influence greatly on forest on lake’s ecosystems, but remote sources including foreign ones also have strong influence on it. Essential contribution into Russian’s environmental pollution by oxygenated sulfur and nitrogen make Ukraine, Poland and Germany.
The quality of water in the most Russian water objects doesn’t meet health and fishing requirements because almost 40% of jettisonable into them sewages are considered to be polluted. Almost half of the population of the country has to use water that doesn’t correspond health requirements.
The execution of water-purifying measures is carried out in the inadequate way because of the unstable work of the majority of the enterprises and their hard financial condition.
The ecological condition of the agricultural lands remains also unsatisfactory. 43% of arable land decreases in its containing of humus. The lands with radiation pollution do not shorten.
The damage to the condition of the vegetation world is made by forest’s vermines and sicknesses, fires and illegal cutting of the forests is also great. Every year more than 300 thousands of afforestation dies of these reasons.
... Air Quality & Emissions: A collection of air data for the State of California. * Air Pollution Statistics: Provides statistics on the problem of air pollution in countries ... air pollution on respiratory health. * Health & Air Pollution: Provides information on the various health effects of air pollution. Environmental Effects Air pollution causes damage to crops, animals, forests, ... industrial ...
However, it can be pointed to some positive tendencies in the changing of the quantity of hunting animals. The process of stabilization and the upgrowth of the mammals which are considered to be hunting objects such as elk, wild boar and roe can be explained by the effectiveness of the fight against poaching, improvement of the condition of forage reserve of the hunting animals.
Still the problems of the industrial and common wastes recycling, chemical nuclear and biological weapon destruction are very actual.
The high scale of deterioration of technological equipment on the chemical, petrochemical and microbiological enterprises leads to man-caused damages with further chemical infection of the territory.
Ecological situation in Finland significantly differs from Russian.
Only a few countries are able to afford vital environmental investments. As one of the world’s wealthiest industrialized country Finland is referred to such ones.
The fruits of successful environmental policies are clearly visible around the country. Many polluted lakes and rivers have been cleaned up. Air quality has improved greatly around industrial locations. An extensive network of protected areas has been built up to safeguard biodiversity. Forests – Finland’s most valuable natural resources – are managed more sensitively than in the past, and the overall annual growth rate clearly exceeds the total timber harvest.
Emissions from large industrial facilities have particularly been curbed significantly. There has also been progress in controlling emissions from agriculture, transport and homes. However, there is still a need to reduce airborne emissions of carbon dioxide, noise and particles from traffic, as well as waterborne nutrient emissions generated by farms.
Efforts to halt the ongoing decline in biodiversity have also been insufficient in spite of progress in the conservation of certain threatened species. The struggle to combat climate change must also be continued more resolutely both in Finland and globally. But the successful reduction of acidification problems shows that well-planned strategic environmental policies can achieve their goals.
Unlike Russia, Finland provides many good examples of how to protect the natural environment. As we can see the ecological situation in Russia is much worse than in Finland, which depends not only on man’s activity, but government indifference to the current problem.
Urban problems are pollution, (air, water, soil) rapid population growth, growing poverty, political impact of problems and unequal distribution of wealth. Some cities are trying to get rid of these problems by doing projects. Lima, Peru for example, has a self-help housing co-op where people were given a desert area to live on. They slowly developed roads, water, electricity, homes, trees, and ...
Everyone knows that we suffer from corruption of high-ranking officials, who don’t care about people. Disafforestation is a one of such crimes. They let our wood to be cut down for the sake of making money.
This once again proves that our Earth in danger, and environmental protection is a universal concern.
Some initial steps have been made in this direction. A numerous countries have set up environmental protection agencies. One of them is an international Greenpeace, which does much to preserve the environment. But it doesn’t enough. We must save life on our planet if we want to be sure of better world for the future generations.