Some countries of Europe continued to live under a regime of a free democracy. But in others, the power came to the communists that were under strict control of the USSR. Due to this, World War II was a watershed event. Several changes occurred of a social aspect. The roles of women dramatically increased. After the war, there occurred lots of questions about genders and their roles. During World War II due to the fact that lots of men went to war and had to be at the fronts, women took their places at factories, and other aspects of everyday life.
After the war ended, women continued to work there because of decrease of the population of men. This called for a revision of the theoretical standpoint of a woman’s role in society. Women started actively engaging in all aspects of everyday life. Their role each year increased. Nowadays, women take place in almost all the jobs that men are allowed to do such as in economics or politics, but even today they are fighting for their full rights and to be as equal as men. In 1945 the Manhattan project was finished and the nuclear bomb was created.
Churchill wrote a note to Stalin saying that a new, powerful weapon was created. Stalin had a neutral reaction to this news but secretly to himself, he knew what Churchill was talking about. The nuclear bomb was created. He ordered the construction of his nuclear weapons to speed up. On August 6, 1945 a nuclear bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and on the ninth a nuclear bomb was dropped on Nagasaki from the USA. The results of these two bombs were awful. The Soviet Union then created a nuclear bomb. The first testing of this newly created bomb was tested in Kazakhstan on August 29, 1949.
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On September 3, 1949 a US plane came to check if the air in the area was contaminated in the area of Kamchatka. Based on these tests, the US found out that the Soviet Union had also created a nuclear weapon. Due to this, a new time in humanity occurred. Of course the creation of the nuclear bomb was a watershed event of World War II in which more that 60 million people died. The United States thought that with the creation of the bomb and having such a weapon, they would no longer have to get involved in wars and would have peace.
But the creations of the nuclear weapon led to other results. nuclear power stations were being created that were able to give cheap energy and allowed progress. But, nuclear power stations were also very dangerous. In 1986 in the USSR, there was an accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. Due to this accident, a lot of people became sick from the radiation and that radiation was very bad for the environment and everything living around that area. But even due to the dangers, people cannot let go of nuclear energy.
Finally, lots of geopolitical changes occurred after the end of World War II. Still during the time of the war in 1945, there was a conference that was held in Yalta (USSR).
The people that participated in this conference were Winston Churchill from England, Stalin from the USSR, and Roosevelt from the USA. They were discussing new geographical borders of Europe and peace among countries. As a result of this conference, part of Germany was given to France and part to Poland. The territories of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and other countries of eastern Europe were also changing.
Furthermore after the conference took place , Berlin was divided into 4 sections of occupation between Great Britain, USA, the Soviet Union and France. Furthermore in 1949, the German Democratic Republic was formed . The communist party ruled there under the control of the USSR. This was Eastern Germany and part of Berlin. In August 1961, the Berlin wall was built to divide the east and west of Berlin. People living on either side of the wall were not allowed to cross to the other side without being killed or returned to their side of the wall. This wall existed till 1990.
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At this time, the parts of Germany were reunited again. In conclusion, World War II was known as a watershed event because of all the changes it brought upon the world. World War II gave women rights and allowed them to become more equal to men. Moreover during World War II, the nuclear bomb was created. It was a weapon of destruction leaving people in constant fear of their homes being destroyed and their lives at stake. Finally during World War II lots of geopolitical changes occurred. Different countries were at peace and others recovering from the great war. So World War II was known as a watershed event.