Breast cancer Research
The discovery of the cell in 1665, lead to many discoveries. One of the biggest discoveries is breast cancer studies. Breast cancer is a common cancer amongst women. The cells in the breast divide quickly while making copies of themselves. As the cell divides at an uncontrolled rate, this results in a tumor. Tumors are a body of unnatural cells grouped together, making a rapidly growing lump on the breast.
Cells are the building blocks of life, but they are too small to be seen with the naked eye. A Dutch clothes dealer named Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) designed the single lens microscope. He discovered single celled organisms, in which he called animalcules (protists and bacteria).
Englishman Robert Hooke (1635-1703) further expanded Leeuwenhoek’s research. The compound microscope helped expand the research. He was studying a piece of cork under the microscope and noticed the small, boxlike structures that resembled the cells where monks lived. He had no way to tell if the cells were living. Over time, as the microscope technology improved, German biologists Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann discovered that the cell was “the elementary particle of organisms” in 1839. In 1855, German pathologist Rudolph Virchow proposed the first part of the cell theory: “All cells come from pre-existing cells”. 200 years later, scientists came up with the cell theory due to the discoveries of Virchow, Schleiden, and Schwann. It stated:
1. In which phase of mitosis do each of the following occur: a. Centromeres split and chromosomes move toward opposite sides of the cell- Anaphase b. Chromatin coils to form visible chromosomes – Prophase c. The nuclear membrane disappears- Prophase d. Sister chromatids line up in the center of the cell- Metaphase 2. In which phases of mitosis are sister chromatids visible, and attached to ...
• All cells arise from pre-existing cells
• All living things are made of cells
• Cells are the basic units of structure
The bright discovery of the cell expanded the studies and research of cancer, in specifics, breast cancer. Breast cancer is caused by non-stop cell dividing. The superfluous cells coalesce and formulate a tumor. The discovery of the cell lead to the discovery of cell division. The detection of cell division lead to the innovation of the harmful cell division that causes cancer. This had a great impact on people’s lives. The cell discovery caused scientists to discover all kinds of diseases and syndromes.
Breast cancer initiates when the cells commence to divide. The cells produce the tissue which makes up the organs. The cells go through a normal cell cycle that includes the division of new cells from pre-existing cells. Unfortunately, sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells form when the body doesn’t need them. The surplus cells form a tumor. Instead of residing in one spot, the tumor spreads throughout the body with the help of the lymphatic system. This is called metastasis. The lymphatic system is made up of lymph nodes, and they are distributed at specific locations throughout the body. Every woman’s breast tissue has an extensive network of lymphatic vessels. This is important in regulating the local fluid balance, as well as filtering out harmful substances. When the tumor passes through the system, the cancer spreads even more at faster and more rapid rates. The treatment for breast cancer usually depends on the type of cancer and whether the cancer spreads outside of the breast. One of the most effective therapies is radiation therapy. radiation therapy is the use of a certain type of energy called ionizing radiation. It is used to eradicate cancer cells and shrink tumors. It destroys the cells by exterminating their genetic material, making it impossible for them to grow and divide any longer. Although radiation damages both cancer cells and normal cells, most normal cells can recover from the effects of radiation and function properly. The goal of radiation therapy is to damage as many cancer cells as possible, while limiting harm to nearby healthy tissue.
Cancer, new growth of tissue resulting from a continuous growth of abnormal cells that have the ability to enter and destroy other tissues. Cancer, which may arise from any type of cell and in any type of body tissue, is not a single disease but a large number of diseases classified according to the tissue and type of cell of origin. Several hundred such classes exist, constituting three major ...
The discovery of the cell lead to many advancements. One of the biggest advancements is how to prevent and diagnose breast cancer using mammograms, biopsies, lumpectomy surgeries, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
The advantages of breast cancer study on society are: women can take diagnostic tests to see if they have the symptoms of breast cancer. If they don’t, they would know how to keep it prevented. The disadvantages it has on society is that some of the tests actually cause breast cancer. It has caused an ethical concern. There are all kinds of groups and charities made everyday to support breast cancer. Scientists and researchers are still trying to find a cure for breast cancer. This affects most patients in a positive way because it makes them aware of breast cancer and help them prevent it.
The discovery of the cell impacted our lives tremendously. It lead to discoveries of all different types and diseases. Our lives would be full of confusion as of how or why this disease is happening and what’s causing it.