Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary Heart Disease, also known as CHD, is the most common of all the heart-related problems. It’s caused by your arteries getting smaller which leads to your heart not getting enough blood supply.
A heart attack is also extremely common throughout places like the United States where people engorge upon beefy cheeseburgers, salt-soaked fries, and double decker milkshakes. These types of food aren’t good for you at all and most people who eat these types of food on a regular basis also don’t get much exercise. Another victim of heart attacks is the elderly. As you get older, your body gets weaker and it’s as if your heart has to work double time just to keep up with you anymore. People with heart problems in general should take it easy, lay off the salty/high cholesterol foods, and visit a doctor regularly for checkups. If you’re ever in the unlucky position to be experiencing a heart attack first-hand, sit down immediately and try not to move or stress your body. Take an ibuprofen to reduce inflammation and call 911 within 1-2 minutes of first feeling a heart attack. Heart attacks are generally felt as a shooting pain in your left arm just beforehand, followed by an immense pain in your chest. Trust me, if you’re having a heart attack, you’ll know it.
High blood pressure
High blood pressure, also known as hyptertension, is a common thing that effects about 50 millions Americans and countless others worldwide. Once again, it’s generally caused by fatty foods. High blood pressure is often hard to diagnose as it has so few symptoms that you don’t even know that you have it. The best thing to do to avoid high blood pressure is to simply get checked out every six months or so or even just go down to your local Publix and use their blood pressure machine. If you already know that you have high blood pressure, the best thing to do is try to avoid stressful situations as often as possible. Light or mediate exercise is fine, just don’t overdo it. A few ways to know if you may have high blood pressure is if you often wake up with a headache or if headache continues throughout the day, you have a ringing or buzzing noise in your ears, and/or you’re often dizzy or confused. Go to your doctor and they can give you some medication for it but other than that, they’re just gonna tell you the same thing.
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Ischemic heart disease
Ischemic heart disease is the opposite of hyptertension, in that it is the reduced flow of blood to the heart. The main symptom involved with ischemic heart disease is the concurrent feeling of chest pain, especially pain in the left side of the chest (around the heart).
The best thing to do for ischemic heart disease, aside from visiting a doctor, is to start up an exercise routine in order to raise your pulse, thereby making the heart pump faster. If you’re not eating regularly or moving around that much then you may be a candidate for ischemic heart disease. Not only would exerising and developing a routine diet help with your heart troubles but it can also help you lose weight, which is also a common attribute to those with heart disease. Remember, you’re health is on the line here, so do whatever it takes to get back on top. You control your body, not the other way around.
Heart rhythm disorders
Heart rhymth disorders, also known as heart murmurs, are irregularities in the sound that the heart makes when listened to by a doctor via the means of a stethescope. Sometimes heart murmurs are harmless and are just weird sounds that the heart makes. Other times, however, heart murmurs can be extremely serious and need to be checked out more thoroughly for a deeper analysis. The only way to really know if you have a heart murmur is by going to a doctor so make sure you get a checkup every 3-6 months just to make sure you’re kept in tip-top shape. If you do learn that you have a heart murmur, the doctor will address the situation and give you instructions on how to take care of the problem.
Aneurysm-This term refers to a localized dilation of an artery or chamber of the heart. The behavior and prognosis for aneurysms varies, depending on their size and location. Aneurysms of the heart are usually the result of a prior heart attack. They generally don't require surgical resection. They may result in congestive heart failure and arrhythmias. Aneurysms of the main artery of the body, ...
Tachycardia is a very serious matter in which the heart is racing at an extremely high pace. You may be able to diagnose tachycardia yourself if you have shortness of breath, find yourself dizzy for no reason, or you just get that feeling where you can sense your own heartbeat without even checking your pulse and you know it’s extra high. Often times you would experience several of these symptoms at once. If you just got done exercising, running, or do some other strenuous activity (yes, getting mad is included), then don’t worry about it as it’s probably not tachycardia. If, however, your heart keeps racing for more than ten to twenty minutes after you stopped doing these things or just have a rapid pulse for no reason, then you might want to call a doctor as soon as possible. While you’re waiting on the doctor, you need to sit down and relax immediately and calm down. In this case, laughter can really be the best medicine as it takes your mind off of it. So sit on the couch, watch some standup comedy and do your best to get your mind off of your racing heart. Slow, steady breathing can also help so either grab a paper bag or just slow your breathing on your own accord. This is very important and it could possibly mean life or death.
rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease is a problem associated with heart damage from rheumatic flu. It can be diagnosed by a fever and/or rash along with chest pains or heartburn. This is usually due to a problem with the valves in your heart not being able to close properly which leads to blood spilling out into the wrong parts of the heart. In extreme cases, rheumatic heart disease can lead to heart failure so if you even suspect it (if you notice these symptoms after experiencing rheumatic fever) then go to the doctor’s office or hospital as soon as possible.
pulmonary heart disease
Pulmonary heart disease is caused by an abnormal pressure on the lungs due to an improper flow of blood to that region. A diagnosis can be reached if you notice you frequently have shortness of breath, chest pain or faint on occasion. If you have been diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension, cystic fibrosis or advanced emphysema and are now experiencing these symptoms, you may have pulmonary heart disease. There’s nothing you can really do personally to correct pulmonary heart disease as its an actual hardware problem with your body. Go to a doctor and get it checked out and they may be able to fix you up.
... sweating, weakness and nausea. See web Heart Disease. ... discomfort or pain there are no symptoms. This first symptom is usually angina pectoris (chest pain) or heart attack. The major symptoms of heart attack are intense chest pain, suddenly cold, ...
Whatever you have, or think you have, the best thing you can do is go to the doctor and get checked out. Nothing in this guide should replace information from a educated professional who has studied the field more thoroughly.
Angina is a very common heart disease responsible for producing severe, recurring pain and tightness over the chest. It is invariably brought about by exercise or emotional stress, and is nearly always relieved by physical rest or the administration of medication. It is commonly referred to as angina.
Clinically, it is more accurately called angina pectoris, or angina of effort. It sometimes goes by the name Ileberden’s angina, because it was first described by William I leberden in 1768. However, it was not recognised as being a heart disease until the present century.
Angina is another serious disease produced by narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. If these become diseased through the walls thickening (thus reducing the diameter of the artery), then additional supplies of blood become unavailable to the heart fibres when they are needed most – that is, when exercise or emotional situations make these extra demands.
Atheroma and hardening of the artery walls takes place. These areas may coalesce and form the arterial disease known as atherosclerosis (also called arteriosclerosis).
Many of the factors that produce this have already been clearly outlined. It is worth spending a few minutes at this juncture in reviewing some of the causes, for this is one of the end products of blood-vessel disease in the heart.
Chest pain brought about by exercise and other stimuli and relieved by rest is the typical picture of angina. Although there is considerable variation in the nature and extent of the pain, its basic nature is surprisingly constant. Typically, the pain is situated over the sternum (breastbone).
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From here it tends to spread over the chest in a vicelike manner. It tends to traverse to the right and the left (more frequently the left) pectoral region, which is generally the large muscular region under the nipple.
It continues to spread, varying in intensi- ty with the degree of vascular involvement, upwards into the neck, shoulders and down the arms. Again, the left arm is more frequently affected. It goes down the left arm, to the elbow, and still further down the inner side of the arm, often affecting the fingers and hand.
From the upper chest region, it may spread to the face, involving the face, cheek, jaw, and even teeth and gums. Almost invariably the front part of the chest is involved. But it may be below the chest, in the epigastrium area. Pain may spread to the shoulders and affect the area between the shoulder blades.
Patients suffering from this disability often describe their pain as “vicelike,” “constricting,” “crushing,” “pressing,” a “sensation of a heavy weight being on the chest,” a “rawness and burning in the shoulder region.” The pain tends to he remarkably constant throughout the duration of an attack. There is no shooting, stabbing, pricking sensation, and the pain is not related to movements of the chest wall that occur during respiration (common with chest infections, such as pleurisy and bronchitis).
Often this feature can assist in the diagnosis of the disability.
Physical activity usually brings on the attack. In the very first instance, activity far in excess of what the patient would be customarily carrying out may herald the attack. However, after the initial bout, subsequent attacks tend to occur with increasing frequency. Even walking may initiate symptoms, and an increase in the rate of walking or running, or walking uphill may lower the threshold at which the pain sets in.
Often added features put in an appearance. A heavy meal, cold air, wintry conditions, emotional upsets, arguments, situations where tensions mount, are all well-known factors that may initiate or aggravate symptoms. Even unpleasant dreams have been known to produce attacks during the night.
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As a rule the pain rarely lasts more than a few minutes. The patient involuntarily ceases doing what he or she is engaged in, and tends to rest automatically The pain reaches maximum intensity quickly, and from the critical point, it reduces, along with the cessation of activity As the reduction in exercise occurs, the heart circulation gradually removes the metabolites producing the symptom at the cardiac interface. The pain reduces, and tends to die away.
Often there is a typical facial expression showing strain, fear or anxiety, and there may be pallor as blood drains from the countenance. Conversely some patients may flush and sweat, and the pulse rate and blood pressure may increase temporarily.
With the progression of time the patient’s condition inevitably deteriorates. Symptoms tend to come on more rapidly and with less and less initiating cause. Some patients even notice chest discomfort at complete rest. Attacks increase in severity and frequency. If there is a sudden escalation in attacks, it is a sign that a cardiac infarct may be imminent. Diagnosis. This is usually made by the doctor after a consideration of several factors. The patient’s history is the main feature indicating angina pectoris. However, the electrocardiogram (ECG) gives valuable diagnostic evidence in about 85 per cent of cases.
A series of tests may have to be taken before the telltale signs put in their appearance on the ECG tracing.
Sometimes, if a normal tracing is given (not uncommon in early cases at rest), mild exercise may subsequently show up the cardiac lesion. Often a stress test may reveal the disorder. This is a continuous ECG taken while the patient is vigorously exercising – often on a special machine.
Then, if further evidence is essential, coronary angiography may be carried out. This gives an X-ray picture of the arteries of the heart, and it may show a clear point where obstruction is occurring.
This is now widely used, particularly if corrective cardiac surgery is anticipated. The actual site of the narrowing of the cardiac vessels may be determined with considerable accuracy In males aged 30 years or more, angina is the most common cause of pain of this type. It is not so common in women. The physician must eliminate other possible causes before pinpointing a diagnosis.
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Many highly strung people and those with neurotic tendencies often claim they have pain just about or under the left nipple area, and believe this is cardiac in nature. The discomfort they describe is often inconstant, may come on some time after activity, and may persist for many hours; it is often related to fatigue rather than exercise. Electrocardiograms are invariably normal.
Other common causes for pain in this general region are hiatus hernia (diagnosed more frequently these days with the use of endoscopy and more sophisticated and accurate X-ray equipment), gall-bladder disease, and lesions of the vertebral column. All can produce diagnostic problems for the doctor.
The treatment of angina has seen major improvements in recent times, both in the nature and variety of drugs available, as well as its practical (surgical) management. Indeed, it is still in the throes of a major medical revolution. Several new drugs have appeared and older medications have become available in newer and more acceptable forms.