a – indefinite article, used done successfully. modifies a noun such as for a singular noun that acknowledge – to express good, tall or strong. has not been introduced. appreciation or adjust – to modify to fit. abandon – to leave behind confirmation. administration – ability – the capacity to do acquainted – familiar management. something with. admit – to confess with able – having the power to acquire – to get. reluctance, let someone or do something acronym – letters something in. about – regarding, on the representing words, such adult – a person over 18, subject of, concerning as ASAP for as soon as opposite of child. above – higher than possible. advanced – higher level, absolute – total, complete across – from one side to opposite of beginner. absolutely – completely the other. advantage – a favorable accent – a manner of act – to do in a certain position. speaking, a stressed manner, to perform in a adverb – a word that syllable in a word. play. modifies a verb, usually accept – agree to receive, action – something that is ending in – ly, such as opposite of reject. done. quickly or suddenly. accident – an unfortunate, active – lively, energetic, exceptions include fast, unexpected incident. the active voice (see right, soon. accidentally – not with Glossary) advice – – guidance or intention, opposite of on actor – a person in a play. recommendation. purpose. actual – real, as advise – to give advice accomplish – to do, to contrasted with what was afraid – having fear finish. intended or expected. after – the time following, according to – as actually – really, as the opposite of before. indicated by someone. facts indicate. afternoon – later than 12 accurate – correct. add – to increase, pm, between morning and accusation – the claim opposite of subtract. evening. that someone has done addition – the process of again – one more time something wrong. adding or increasing. against – in opposition to. accuse – to claim that additionally – age – the amount of years someone has done furthermore you have lived. something wrong. address – (n) specific, agency – an organization. accustomed to – used to, named location of a agent – a representative. familiar with. house, (v) to speak to. ages, in – a long time. achievement – something adjective – a word that aggressive – likely to
Six months after I met a young man, he expressed to me how much he loved me. Being sixteen years old, I thought it to be very flattering but I could not accept him saying this to me. The word, love in the romantic sense, is something that would take so much out of me to say to a person. Love is something that you express to someone that you can not, in any way, see living your life without. The ...
attack or confront. already – before or by separate from humans or ago – in the past, similar now. plants. to before. also – too. announcement –a public agree – to say yes. alter – to change. statement. ahead – further forward in alternating – taking turns. annoyed – irritated. space, or time, opposite of alternative – another anon – short for behind. option. anonymous aim – to point at with the although – but. another – a different one. intention of hitting. always – at all times, answer – response or air – invisible gaseous opposite of never. solution. substance surrounding the am – verb to be, used with ant – an insect. earth, oxygen and I. antibiotics – medicine. nitrogen. amazing – great. anticipate – expect, look airline – airplane ambassador – forward to. company. representative of a any – used with negatives airplane – a flying vehicle country or questions, one or some, airport – the place where amiably – in a friendly opposite of none. airplanes land and take way. anymore – any longer off. amicable – with a spirit of (with negatives or akin to – similar to. friendliness. questions). alarm clock – a clock that among – within a group, anyone – any person (with can be set to make a noise contrast with between. negatives or questions). to wake you up. amount – a quantity anything – whichever alcohol – an intoxicating amulet – a piece of thing, no matter what liquid such as beer, wine, jewelry to give protection. (with negatives or whiskey, vodka, tequila. amusement – finding questions). alert – to warn or inform something to be funny anyway – used to confirm alive – continuing to live, an – article before a vowel a point just mentioned opposite of dead. analysis – (n) the process (it’s fine that showed up, all – the whole amount of evaluation and anyway, there’s alley – a small street analyst – (n) a person who plenty of room), in allow – let, permit conducts an analysis. contravention (They told almost – nearly. analyze – (n) evaluate me not to, but I did it alone – by oneself. ancient – old anyway), supporting a along – in a constant and – (conjunction) plus. negative (It’s OK that I direction or in a line. angry – in a bad mood. wasn’t invited; I didn’t alphabet – ABCs. animal – a living organism, want to go anyway).
A stereotype is a generalization about a person or group of people without regard to individual differences. Even seemingly positive stereotypes that link a person or group to a positive trait can have negative consequences. Prejudice is prejudging or making a decision about a person or group of people without sufficient knowledge. Prejudicial thinking is frequently based on stereotypes. ...
anywhere – whichever place. apartment – a building with sections for different families, contrast with house. apologize – to say you’re sorry. apology – (n) the expression of regret. apostrophe – a mark of punctuation: ( ‘ ) to indicate a contraction (can’t) or a possession (Bob’s). apparent – visible, obvious. appear – to come into sight. apple – a red, yellow or green fruit with a white interior. apply – to make a formal request, as in to apply for a job. appointment – meeting appreciate – recognize with gratitude approach – to come close appropriate – suitable, fitting are – verb to be used with they, we, you. area – space argue – to fight argument – (n) a dispute arise – come up or get up
army – armed group to ate – past tense of eat. protect a country. atom – the basic unit of a around – located on every chemical element side atomic – relating to atoms arrange – to put in order. attack – to take aggressive arrangement – something action against someone. that has been organized. attempt – to try. arrest – to stop, generally attendant – a person who by the police. provides a service to the arrive – to get somewhere public, such as a flight arrow – a stick with a attendant or a gas station pointer at one end and attendant. feathers at the other. attention, to pay – to art – painting, music, listen or follow, such as to literature, dance. pay attention to the article – a, an or the teacher. as – used in comparisons, attic – a small room at the as tall as a tree. top of a house. aside – to one side, out of audience – listeners. the way audio – sound. ask – request, make a auditory – having to do question with hearing. aspect – a particular part aunt – a parent’s sister. aspirin – small white author – the person who headache pills. wrote something. assembly – group. auto – car. assertion – a forceful automatically – working statement. by itself. assignment – a task. available – able to be used assimilate – to blend in. or reached. assistant – a helper. avenue – a street. astronomy – the study of average – normal, usual, the stars. the result of adding at – (prep) expressing numbers together, and location (at the bank), dividing by the number time (at 5:00) or object (I (10 + 6 = 16 ÷ 2 for the looked at my watch). average of 8).
The Essay on Successful Completion of Developmental Tasks Enables a Person to Make a Smooth Transition to Adulthood
It is believed that, “successful completion of developmental tasks enables a person to make a smooth transition to adulthood.” In order to become a matured, well being adult, one must complete the three main factors of the Family Life Cycle theory. Therefore, throughout this overview, the three developmental tasks outlined in the Family Life Cycle Theory prove this fact. The Family Life Cycle is ...
avoid – to stay away from. bank – a place to keep beach – the sandy area away – at a distance money, such as a secure next to the ocean. awful – terrible, bad. building. bean – an edible seed. awkward – uncomfortable barbeque – outdoor beanstalk – stem of a in a social or physical way. cooking equipment. bean plant. ax – a tool for chopping. barber – a person who bear – put up with baby – a very young child. cuts men’s hair. something or somebody back – the rear, opposite barely – by not much, unpleasant. of front. hardly beautiful – very attractive, background – the area bark – the sound a dog more than pretty. behind the main object makes. beauty – a combination of backyard – the yard baseball – a small hard qualities that are visually behind a house. white ball in a game attractive. bad – poor quality, not where it’s hit with a bat. because – for the reason good. based on – having as the that. bag – a paper or cloth foundation or point of become – come into container. development. existence. baggage – suitcases. basics – the essential, bed – a platform with a bake – to cook in an oven primary facts. mattress for sleeping balance – even basically – fundamentally bedroom – a room for distribution of weight, the basis – foundation sleeping amount of money basketball – a large round bee – a flying insect that remaining. brown ball in a game makes honey. ball – a round rubber or where it is thrown through been – duo form of the plastic toy, to be kicked or a hoop. verb to be, has been, had hit in a game. bat – a stick used in been, will have been. ballet – a formal dance baseball. before – prior to, opposite balloon – a toy, a light ball bath – (n) a tub filled with of after. filled with air, used at water to clean yourself. begin – to start parties. bathe – to take a bath. beginner – a person who ban – to prohibit or forbid bathroom – a room with a is just starting, opposite of banana – a yellow fruit toilet, sink, shower or expert. with a white interior bathtub. beguile – to charm or band – a group, often bay – an inlet where it’s trick. musical. safe to keep a boat. behave – to act in a bandage – cloth to put on be – plain form of the verb certain manner, generally an injury or a cut. to be. good.
1. Promote person centred values in everyday work 1.1 Understand how to put person-centred values into practice in your day to day work Person-centred is about providing care and support that is centred or focused on the individual and their needs. We are all individual and just because two people might have the same medical condition, for example, Dementia, it doesn’t mean that they require the ...
behavior – how a person acts. behind – further back than; at the back of. Beijing – a large city in china being – state of existence, verb to be. belief (n) an idea that you hold true. believe – accept as true. bell – a hollow object that makes a ringing sound when it is struck, usually with a clapper. belong – owned by someone, to be in its rightful place. below – in a position lower than something else. belt – a cloth or leather strip used to hold up your pants. benchmark – a standard for measuring things. beneath – under. benefit – advantage or profit. bent – a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way. beside – next to, at the side of. best – superlative form of good. best selling – selling in
great numbers. with chalk, often in a bet – a wager. classroom. better – comparative form blame – an accusation of good. that you are between – in division, responsible for something. with shares to each. blank – not written or bewilderingly – in a printed on, empty. confusing manner. blanket – a covering for beyond – farther along in warmth space or time or degree. blazing – shining bicker – to argue in a intensely. small way bleed – to lose blood from bicyclist – a person who one’s body. rides a bike. blend – combine into one. big – large, opposite of block – (n) a solid cube, to small prevent. bike – a 2‐wheeled vehicle blood – the red liquid in bill – paper money, an your veins and arteries. amount to pay, the front blue – the color of the sky part of a hat, the nose of a board – a flat piece of duck. wood, a committee with bin – a large container supervisory powers. biologist – a scientist who boat – a vehicle that studies living organisms. travels on water. bird – a flying animal. body – a person’s physical birthday – the day you structure. were born. bodybuilder – a weight bit – a small piece or lifter. quantity of something. bodyguard – a protector. bite – to cut into with your boil – when water reaches teeth. 100° centigrade or 212° bizarrely – in a strange Fahrenheit. way bold – fearless and daring. black – the color of coal or bone – rigid tar. connective tissue, the blackboard – a sheet of components of the slate on the wall, used skeleton.
The Characterization of the Speaker in Two Tramps in Mud Time. The speaker of Robert Frost s poem Two Tramps in Mud Time can be characterized as a passionate, wary, suspicious, insecure and rational and logical person who is intolerant of interference in his work. There is evidence present in the text that supports these characteristics. The speaker is shown as a person who enjoys doing his job ...
book (n) a published offshoot of a tree trunk. written work. brand – a name given to a bookshelf – a shelf on product or service. which to keep books. bread – food made from bookstore – a store where flour dough. books are sold. break – (n) recess, bored – not interested. vacation, to cause to boring – not interesting. separate into pieces, to born – brought into make something not work existence. anymore. borrow – to get breakdown – (n) a failure temporarily. of normal operation, a boss – the person in collapse in mental health charge to fail. both – two things or breakfast – the morning people together. meal. bottle – a glass or plastic breath – the air that is container. inhaled and exhaled. bottom – the lower side, breed (n) a special type opposite of top. within species bought – the past tense of bridge – a structure that the verb to buy allows people or vehicles boulevard – a large street. to cross. boundary – a line bright – lighted, shiny, not determining the limits of dull. an area. bring – to come to a place bouquet – a bunch of with something or flowers someone, the opposite of bow – to bend one’s knee to take. or body. broad – wide. bowl – a rounded dish. broke – the past tense of box – a paper, metal or the verb to break. wooden container. bronze – a brown metal boy – a male child brother – a male sibling boyfriend – a male friend brought – the past tense branch – a division of a of the verb to bring complex organization; an brown – the color of dirt
Website Introduction A website refers to a collection of webpage like documents that are accessed via the internet. A web page is what you view on your PC screen when you key in a web address, click on a link, or put a question/ query on the search engine. Any information can be contained in a webpage, including color, texts, graphics, sound and animation. When somebody ...
brush – a dense growth of bushes. bucket – the quantity contained in a bucket. bug – an insect build – constitution of the human body. building – a permanent structure with a roof and walls. bulb – a rounded glass bulb used in a lamp. bullet (n) a projectile that is fired from a gun. bully (n) an aggressive troublemaker. buns – the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on. burn – pain that feels hot as if it were on fire. bus – a large public vehicle bush – a shrub, a round plant business – a commercial enterprise. businessman – a person who conducts business. busy – having a lot to do. but – and nothing more. butter – thick yellow cream used as a spread butterfly – a brightly colored insect with large wings. button – a small plastic or wooden device to hold a
shirt or pants closed. weeks of the year. caps – ALL CAPITAL buy – to purchase calf – the back part of the LETTERS, close‐fitting hats. buzz – sound of rapid lower leg. car – a vehicle vibration. call – to cry out, to carbon – an abundant by – (prep) near. telephone someone. nonmetallic tetravalent bye – short for goodbye. calorie – the quantity of element occurring in three CD – compact disk heat required to raise the allotropic forms. CEO – chief executive temperature of 1 gram of card – a piece of stiff officer water by 1 paper, used for playing Casablanca – the largest degree centigrade. games or telling fortunes. city in Morocco. came – past tense of to care – to feel concern or Chicago – a city in Illinois. come. interest. China – a large Asian campaign – a race careful – using caution. country. between candidates for carry – support and move. Christmas – December elective office. carton – a box made of th 25 , a holiday. can – to be able to. cardboard, with flaps on Columbus – Italian can opener – a device top for opening and navigator. used to open cans. closing. Cuban – someone from cancel – postpone carwash – a place where Cuba. indefinitely. cars are washed. cab – taxi. candidate – someone who case – an instance. cabin – small bedroom on is considered for cash – money. a ship. something. cashew – a kind of nut. cadger – someone who candle – stick of wax with cast – the hard white tries to get things for free. a wick in the middle. covering used for a broken cake – a soft sweet candy – a hard or soft bone. dessert made from flour, sweet made of flavored castle – a royal mansion. eggs and sugar. sugar and sometimes fruit. casual – relaxed, informal. calcium – a component of cannot – can not. cat – a feline pet, a kitty. strong bones and teeth. cap – a tight‐fitting hat. catch – to grab something calculation – a capitalism (n) an that was thrown or falling. mathematical economic system catcher – a baseball determination, such as based on private position, opposite of adding or subtracting. ownership of capital. pitcher. calendar – a monthly capitalize – make the first caught – the past tense of timekeeping system that letter of a word big, such the verb to catch. identifies the days and as Los Angeles. causative – a verb tense
that produces an effect, character – letters in an child. such as let, permit, allow, alphabet, such as Chinese chin – the front part of the make, have, get. characters, an person in a lower jaw cause – to give rise to, to work of fiction. chip – a small fragment. make. charge – to make a rush at chocolate – sweet brown cave –an underground or sudden attack upon. candy made from cacao chamber, usually in a hill. charming – pleasing or beans. caveman – someone who delightful. choice – option. lives in a cave. chart – a visual display of cholesterol – a waxy celebrate – to rejoice. information. substance produced by celebration – a joyful chase – go after with the the liver and found in occasion for a special intent of catching. certain foods. Too much event. chat – talk socially without can cause heart disease. celebrity – a famous exchanging too much choose – to select. person. information. chop – cut into pieces. cell phone – a portable cheap – relatively low in chopsticks – wooden telephone, also called a price or charging low sticks used for eating in mobile phone. prices. Asia. center – the area in the cheat – to trick. chose – the past tense of middle. check – examine so as to the verb to choose. century – 100 years. determine accuracy, short chunk – a compact mass. certain – sure, definite. for check mark (√), the bill church – a house of certainly – definitely or in a restaurant, a means of worship. positively. paying through a bank, cigar – a thick roll of chain – a connected series checked – confirmed for tobacco for smoking. of links. accuracy circle – a round figure, the chair – a piece a furniture cheese – a dairy food, shape of an O. for sitting. such as Swiss, cheddar city – an urban area. chairman – the officer cheese. civil – polite, having to do who presides at the chef – a professional cook. with citizens. meetings of an chicken – a domestic bird, clap – strike the palms organization. used for food. together. chance – opportunity, child – a young boy or girl. clarify – (v) make clear. luck. childhood – the period class – (n) a group of change – to modify, alter. during which a person is students who are taught chapter – a subdivision of considered a child. together. a written work. children – the plural of classic – judged over time
to be of the highest value. classroom – a room in a school where lessons take place. clause – (n) a separate section of a legal document. clean – not dirty. clear –apparent, not confusing. clerk – an employee who does routine administrative work. click – a short sharp sound. climb – to go up a steep hill. clip – to cut short. clock – a device that shows the time of day, different from a watch, which is worn on the wrist. close – to move to cover an opening [kloz]. nearby, not far [klos]. closed – not open. closely – in a close manner. closet – a storage area for hanging clothes. cloth – fabric clothes – garments cloud – white or gray forms in the sky. cloudy – covered with clouds.
clown – a comic combine – to add entertainer, particularly in together. a circus. come – to move toward a club – (n) a group with a place, opposite of to go. particular interest or comfortable – providing activity. physical ease. clunky – awkward. command – to give an coach – (n) a person who order. gives sports instruction. comment – to remark or coat – a heavier or longer express an opinion jacket, a layer of paint. commercially – having to coffee – (n) a hot do with business. caffeinated beverage. commission – a special coke – (n) short for Coca group with a designated Cola®, cocaine. function. cold – having a low commissioner – an temperature, opposite of administrator. hot. commit – to do. colleague – (n) an committee – an associate that one works organization with a with. particular function. collection – group. common – usual, normal. college – the educational commonly – often. institution after high commonsense – sound school. judgment in practical colloquial – used in matters. ordinary conversation, not communicate – to formal. transmit information. color – (n) the eye’s communication – the act perception of light of transmitting reflecting off an object, information. such as red, blue, green, communism – a political yellow, etc. system. column – a vertical commuter – someone division of a page. who travels regularly from combination – things home in a suburb to work added together. in a city.
company – an institution component – an element for consultation. created to conduct or piece of something. confirm – to verify. business. compound – put or add confused – lacking comparative – having to together. understanding. do with comparison, comprehension – confusing – unclear, generally ending in –er. understanding. causing confusion. compare – estimate or comprehensive – congratulate – to express measure similarities and including everything. praise for someone’s differences. computer – an electronic success. comparison – the act of data processing device. conjecture – a guess, a examining similarities and concentrate – to focus, to hypothesis, speculation. differences. make something denser. conjugate – to change compete – to attempt to concept – an idea. verb tenses (he is, he was). win by defeating others. concerned – worried. conjunction – the state of competence – the ability concert – a musical being joined together, a to do something well. performance. part of speech that joins, competition – the act of concise – expressed in few such as and, so, but. competing for a prize, a words. connect – to attach, tournament. conclusion – the end. fasten. competitor – a contestant. condition – something connection – the state of complain – express that must exist before being linked or joined. discontentment. something else is possible, connector – something complement – an such as If you see him, say that links or joins. adjective after the verb to hello. A state at a conscience – an inner be is a complement, particular time. feeling acting as a guide to whereas after other verbs, conditional – qualified by right and wrong. it is an object. reservations, a verb form consequence – the effect complete – total, to indicating that it is unreal, of an action. finish. identified by if. Called the consider – deem to be. completely – to the full or unreal duo. consideration – careful entire extent. conditions – the terms thought. complex – complicated, that influence the consist of – to be detailed. outcome. composed of. complicated – difficult to cone – an object that consonant – a speech understand, complex. tapers to a point from a sound that is not a vowel. compliment – a polite circular base. construct – to build. expression of admiration. conference – a meeting contact – close
interaction. cooperation – working context – the surrounding together. set of circumstances. cope – manage, come to continent – a large terms with, deal with. landmass, such as Africa corporation – a company or Australia. authorized to act as a continuation – going on single entity. without interruption. corps – a body of people continue – to keep on such as the Peace Corps doing something. (pronounced core). continuous – unbroken. correct – right, accurate. contract – an agreement. correction – fixing a contracted – shrunken. mistake. contraction – a shortened corrupt – lacking in version of two words such integrity. as can’t, he’s, I’ve. cost – price contrary – against. couch – (n) a seat for contrast – strikingly more than one person, different from something also called a sofa. else. could – polite request for contrite – sorry. permission, expression of conversation – informal potential, ability or exchange of ideas in a possibility. spoken form. couldn’t – the contraction convert – change from of could not. thing to another. count – determine the convertible – a car with a number. roof that comes off countability – the ability convince – to make of something to be someone agree or counted. understand, to persuade. countable – something cook – to prepare a hot that can be counted, such meal. as two pens, some cars, cookie – a small flat sweet many people; contrasted cake. with uncountable, such as cooperate – to work air, water, furniture. together. counter – a horizontal
surface over which business is conducted. country – a nation, such as France, America, Cuba. couple – a pair of people who live together. courage – the spirit that lets a person face danger. course – a series of lessons. court – a place where judges hear lawyers explain what their clients did or didn’t do. courtesy – polite behavior. cousin – the child of your aunt or uncle cover – to put a lid on. cow – large female animal that gives milk. coward – someone who lacks courage. cowboy – a hired hand who works on a ranch. coworker – a colleague or associate. cracked – split without breaking. cracker – a dry salty biscuit. craftsman – a person who is skilled in a particular art, such as carpentry or metal work. cranky – irritable. crash – come down violently.
crazy – silly, deranged. cube – a symmetrical 3‐ dances. cream – the part of milk dimensional shape with 6 danger – the possibility of containing the butterfat. equal square sides. harm. creased – to make straight cue – signal to start. dangerous – likely to folds in paper or cloth. cultivated – grown. cause harm. create – to make. cultural – relating to the dangling – hanging. credit – money that is customs of a social group. dark – lacking light, a deep available to be borrowed. culture – the customs of a color such as black or crime – an action that is social group, a refined purple. against the law, such as understanding of the arts. date – the specified day of theft or assault. cup – a container used for the month. criminal – someone who drinking. day – 24 hours has broken the law. cupful – the amount a cup daydream – pleasant crinkled – slightly holds. thoughts. wrinkled. curfew – a time limit daylight – natural light. crisp – sharp, clearly when a person should be dead – not alive defined. home. deadline – the time when crossroads – a point current – now. something has to be done. where a choice has to be curriculum – the subjects deal with – to take made. in a course of study. measures concerning, to crowd – a large number of curry – a dish of handle people gathered together. vegetables or meat, with dealer – someone who crowded – more people indian spices, served with buys and sells things. than can fit comfortably. rice. dear – sweet, precious. crown – a king or queen’s cut – separate with a death – the event of headgear. sharp instrument. dying. cruising – traveling at a cycle – an interval. debt – the state of owing moderate speed. dad – a casual term for something. crumble – fall apart. father decade – a period of 10 crumple – to crush paper daily – every day years. or cloth so it becomes dairy – a farm where dairy December – the 12th wrinkled. products are produced. month crush – to press or damage – the occurrence decide – to make up your squeeze. of a change for the worse. mind. cry – to shed tears dance – move in a graceful decision – the act of because you are sad or and rhythmical way. making up your mind angry. dancer – a person who decrease – to make
smaller. low. numbers on a telephone. deep – extending far describe – to give an diamond – a clear down, opposite of account in words. precious stone, the shallow. description – the act of hardest in nature. definite – certain, for sure. describing something. dictate – issue commands. definitely – certainly. descriptive – something dictation – a listening definition – the meaning that describes something, comprehension exercise. of a word. such as an adjective, dictatorial – acting like a defy – challenge. which describes how a dictator degree – a position on a noun is. Also, a style of did – past tense of the scale of intensity. instruction that focuses on verb to do. delay – to slow something how things are, rather didn’t – negative past or someone down, to than how they should be. tense contraction of the make someone or design – a plan or verb to do. something late. drawing. die – suffer or face the delicious – very tasty desire – something that is pain of death. deliver – to bring and wanted. diet – a food regimen. hand over. desk – a piece of furniture difference – the part that demand – request with a writing surface and is not the same. forcefully. drawers. different – not the same. demolish – to destroy. dessert – the last course difficult – hard to do or dent – make a depression of a meal, usually sweet. to understand, tough. in. detail – a small element. difficulty – the state of dentist – a person who detection – finding being hard to do. puts in fillings and pulls something that was diffusion being dispersed. teeth. hidden. dim – low light, not bright, deny – declare untrue. detective – a police officer not smart. department – a division of who investigates crimes. dime a US coin worth a large organization. determine – decide upon 1/10th of a dollar. depend on – rely on. develop – work out. dimension an aspect. dependence – the state of device – a tool or dinner – the evening meal relying on or being under instrument. dioxide – O2. the control of someone or devote – dedicate. diplomat a person who something. diagnostic – determining can deal with people in a depth – how deep what is wrong. sensitive and effective something is. dial – a clock or watch way. descend – go from high to face. to select the direct – straight and to
the point. to command disregard – to ignore, pay with authority. no attention to. direction one of the 4 distance the amount of compass points: east, space between two things west, north, south. or places. directional – having to do distinction a with directions. distinguishing quality. directly – in a forthright district – a region. manner. divorced – not married director – the person in any more charge. do – perform, work on, dirty – not clean make, cook. disagree – to be of docks – the area where different opinions. boats are tied up. disappear – to stop being doctor – a physician visible, to be gone. document a paper. disaster a catastrophe. documentation discard – to throw away. supporting paperwork. discontinued – no longer does – the present tense produced. of the verb to do, used discover – to find. with he, she, it. discretion the quality of doesn’t – negative avoiding causing offense contraction of the present or revealing information, tense of the verb to do, the freedom to make used with he, she, it. decisions. dog – an animal, a discuss – to talk about domesticated canine. discussion an exchange of dollar – $1 in the US. views. don’t – contraction of do dish – prepared food, a not. plate or bowl. done –finished or dishonest – not honest. completed. dislike to not like, but not donut a small round as strong as to hate. sweet cake with a hole in dispatcher – the person the middle. who sends the others out, door – a barrier at the such as a taxi dispatcher. entrance.
dot – period. double – increase by 100%. doubt being unsure of something. down – toward or in a lower position, opposite of up. downtown the business area of a city. dozen – 12. drag – pull along the ground, against resistance. drawer a boxlike storage area in a piece of furniture. drawing a picture or diagram. dream – images during sleep. dress to put on clothes a woman’s garment. dressed – wearing clothes, not naked. dressed up – wearing fancy clothes. dresser – furniture with drawers for storing clothes. dressing – a cloth covering for an injury, cold sauce for a salad. drink – to take in liquids. drive – to operate a vehicle. driver – the operator of a motor vehicle.
drizzling – (of rain) falling lightly in very small drops. drop – let fall to the ground. drove – past tense of drive. dry clean – clean with chemical agents. duck –small wild or domesticated web‐footed broad‐billed bird. due – needing to be paid. dull –not shiny. dumb – incapable of speaking, not smart. duo – two. duration – how long something lasts. during – all the way through, throughout the course of. duty –obligation. ESL – English as a second language. England – a country in Europe. English – the official language of Britain and the United States. Englishman – a man who is a native or inhabitant of England. each – every one considered individually. ear – the organ on the side of your head, used to hear
early – happening before egregious – conspicuously the usual or expected and outrageously bad or time, opposite of late. reprehensible. earn – obtain money in eight – 8 return for work. eighteen – 18 earth – the 3rd planet either – used before two from the sun. alternatives, such as They earthquake – a seismic will take either one. disturbance where the elected – subject to earth moves. popular election. easily – with no difficulty electric – operated by a easy – simple, not difficult current. eat – to consume food electron – a stable eclipse – one subatomic particle with a celestial body obscures charge of negative another. electricity. economic – concerned element – an part of with financial issues. something. economics – a branch of elephant – a large gray social science dealing with animal with a long trunk finances. and a good memory. economist – an expert in elm – a kind of tree the science of economics. else – another thing. edges – the boundary of email – electronic mail a surface. embarrass – to cause educate to teach. someone to feel self‐ education – knowledge conscious or ashamed. acquired by learning and emissions – the instruction. production and discharge effective – able to of something, typically gas accomplish a purpose. or radiation. efficient – being effective emotional – of more than without wasting time. usual emotion. effort – use of physical or emotion – a strong mental energy; hard work. feeling such as anger, fear, egg – an oval object laid happiness, sadness or by a female animal. confusion.
emphasis – intensity of era – a period marked by expression, stress on a distinctive character. certain word or syllable to error – mistake make it more prominent escape – the act of or important. escaping physically, to emphatic – with emphasis break free from employ – put into service. confinement. employee – a worker especially – in a special who is hired to perform a manner. job. essay – a tentative empty – containing attempt. nothing. essence – the most basic enable – to make possible. nature. encouraged – heartened, essentially – basically. confident. establish – to set up. end – the conclusion. estate – everything a endanger – pose a threat. person owns. endless – tiresomely long. estimate – to figure energy – forceful roughly. exertion. etc. – and so on. enjoy – get pleasure from. ether – a gas. enjoyment – the Eureka – Greek for I found pleasure felt when having it. a good time. even – flat and smooth, enlisted – joined the army equal in number, divisible or other military service. by two, fair. enough – an adequate or evening – the end of the sufficient amount. day. enter – to come or event – a special set of go into. circumstances. entire – complete. eventually – after a while. entirely – to a complete ever – at any time. degree. every – each and all. envelope – a wrapper for everyday – common, a letter. ordinary, not special. equal – of the same value, everyone – all people. identical. everything – all things.
everywhere – all places. evidence – an indication that makes something evident. evolve – gradually develop from a simple to a more complex state. exact – precise. exactly – precisely. exam – test. examine – analyze. example – a representative form. excel – to do very well. excellent – great. except – other than, but not. exceptional – unusually good. exception – something that is excluded. excessive – too much or too many. excited – enthusiastic. exciting – causing enthusiasm. exclamation – a sudden remark, such as Hey! excuse – an attempt to reduce the blame to apologize. exec – short for executive. exercise – part of a lesson. exhausted – very tired existence – being. expect – to belief that
something will happen. faced – dealt with, met. favor – to promote one expectation – a belief facilitate – to make easier. thing or person over that something will fact – something that is another. happen. indisputably the truth. favorite – most preferred. expensive – high priced. fade – disappear fax – device that transmits experience to go through gradually. text and images via a something. fail – to turn out badly, phone line. experiment – a test or opposite of succeed. fear – a feeling of dread. trial. failure – a lack of feast – a large meal. expertise – skill. success. February – the 2nd month expiration – the end date faint – to lose of the year. of an agreement. consciousness. feed – to give food to. explain – to make clear. fair – reasonable, just. feedback – reaction. explanation – words that fairly – to a moderately feel – to have a physical clarify. sufficient extent. or emotional sensation. exploit – to fall – a drop from an feeling – the experiencing take advantage of. upright position. of an emotional state. exposure – being false – not true. feet – the plural of foot. uncovered and familiar – well known. fell – the past tense of the unprotected. family – a social unit verb to fall. express – say. living together. felt – the past tense of the expression – the look on famous –known. verb to feel. a person’s face. fantastic – marvelous. fever – an elevated extent – the degree or far – distant, opposite of temperature. range. close. few – not many. extinct – no longer in farmer – a person who field – a piece of land. existence, such as owns or works on a farm. fifteen – 15 dinosaurs. farther – at a greater fifth – 5th extra – more than is distance. fight – to argue or to needed. farthest – at the greatest come to blows. extreme – reaching the distance. figure out – to reach an highest degree. fascinate – to cause to be understanding of eye – one of the two interested or curious. something, to solve. organs in the face, used to fast – quickly. file – a folder for holding see. father – the male parent. loose papers. face – the front of your fatigued – tired, lacking fill – to make full. head. energy. final – the last in a series.
finalize – to make final. water. finally – at last floor – the surface of a finance – to obtain or room on which a person provide money walks, opposite of the finances – assets, money. ceiling. find – discover. flow – the motion fine – good, nice, characteristic of fluids. satisfactory flower – a plant cultivated finger – one of the five for its blooms. digits on the hand. fluent – smooth and finish – to complete. unconstrained in fire – (n) burning, to shoot movement a gun, to terminate fly – travel through the air employment. focus – concentration fired – to be terminated foggy – full of fog. from a job, shot from a fold – to bend. gun. folder – stiff paper folded fireman – a fire fighter to make a holder for st first – 1 papers. fish – a legless animal that follow – to come after. swims in lakes and oceans. food – what we eat. fit – in good shape, fool – a person who lacks suitable, to be the right good judgment. size and shape. foot – the lowest part of five – 5 the human leg. fix – repair footsteps – the sound of flash – appear briefly someone walking. flashlight – a handheld for – (prep) in support of, portable light. with regard to. flew – the past tense of force – to make someone the verb to fly or something do flexible– bendy. something against their flight – the action of will. flying. foresee – realize flip – to turn over, to beforehand reverse. forest – an area with flooded – covered with many trees
forget – to fail to remember, opposite of remember. forgive – to stop feeling angry toward someone for something he or she did wrong. fork – an eating utensil with prongs. form – shape formal – in accordance with the rules of etiquette, opposite of casual. format – the way something is arranged. formation – the process of being formed or created. formula – directions for making something fortunately – by good luck forty – 40 forward – toward the front found – the past tense of the verb to find. foundation – the basis. four – 4 fourth – 4th fracture – break into pieces free – costing nothing freezing – very cold frequent – often fresh – recently made, not stale or old Friday – the 5th day of the week
friend – a person you hasn’t happened yet, giant – a huge person or know and like, opposite of contrast with the present creature. enemy. and the past. gin – a type of alcohol. friendly – kind and game – a competitive girl – a young female pleasant form of play. girlfriend – a female fright – a sudden and gang – an organized group friend intense feeling of fear of criminals gist – the general idea frog – a green, tailless gap – a space give – transfer the amphibian with long rear garage – a building for possession of, donate. legs for jumping. parking cars. glacier – ice mountain. from – (prep) indicating garden – land used for glad – happy. the point where planting flowers or glass – a small refracting something starts. vegetables. telescope. front – the side that is gardener – a person who glasses – glass or plastic forward. works in a garden objects used to improve frozen – turned into ice gas – fuel the eyesight. frustrated – upset or gave – the past tense of global – involving the annoyed that something the verb to give. whole world couldn’t happen. gear – equipment. glove – a warm covering fry – to cook in oil gender – the state of for the hand. full –containing as much being male or female go – change location as possible, the opposite general – concerning all, goal – a successful of empty. opposite of specific. attempt at scoring fully – entirely, wholly generally – usually god – a supreme being fun – enjoyment, gently – in a mild manner going – the act of entertainment genuine – real, not fake departing. The form used fundamental – an Germanic – having to do to indicate either the essential component. with the German language continuous (Things are funk – depression. . going well) or the future funny – amusing. gesture – a movement, (We are going to go there furious – very angry. especially of the hand. later). furniture – chairs, tables, get – to acquire, achieve, gold – an expensive yellow couches, lamps, etc. come to have, become, metal. further – to or at a greater arrive, understand, golden – made of gold, or extent persuade, catch. yellow in color. furthest – most distant. ghost – the spirit of a dead Goldilocks – a character in future – the time that person. a folk story.
golfer – a person who grain of salt, to take with plays golf. – to accept with a certain gone – no longer present. amount of doubt. good – having desirable grammar – the structure qualities. of a language. goodbye – a farewell grammarian – a person remark who specializes in the goodness – the quality of study of grammar. being good, also used as grammatical – following an exclamation. the rules of grammar. goods – merchandise. grant –to give or allow. goose – a large, gray grape – a small rounded waterbird. fruit with a green or got – past tense of the purple skin, growing in verb to get. bunches. Used to make government – the ruling wine. body of a state or nation. graphics – drawings or gown – a woman’s dress, photographs. often worn on formal grasp – to hold firmly occasions grass – a narrow green grab – seize plant, growing wild or graces (social) – manners, used for lawns etiquette. grater – a kitchen utensil graciously– in a gracious with sharp perforations to or graceful manner shred cheese or grade – a mark indicating vegetables. the student’s level, with A grave – where a person is being the highest and F buried. the lowest. gray – the color of ash. graders – a child in a class great – very good, of level, such as a first‐grader major significance. is a child in the first grade. green – the color of grass gradually – in a gradual or emeralds. manner, bit by bit. grid – a pattern of graduate – to successfully regularly spaced complete a course of horizontal and vertical study. lines.
groceries – items of purchased food. ground – the past tense of the verb to grind. earth, dirt. group – any number of entities (members) considered as a unit. grow – become larger, greater. growth – vegetation that has grown. guarantee – a promise that something will be done. guard – a person who keeps watch over something. guess – imagine, expect, believe. guest – a visitor to a home or hotel. guide – something that helps someone learn how to do something. guideline – a general rule. guitar – a stringed musical instrument. gun – a weapon that shoots bullets. gunman – a person who shoots a gun. gunshot – the act of shooting a gun. gut – colloquial term for stomach or belly. guy – man.
gym – a place to work out. hate – dislike intensely. foot habit – a regular tendency have – to possess, own, height – how tall that is hard to break, such hold. something or someone is. as smoking. haven’t –contraction of held – past tense of the had – the past tense of have not. verb to hold. the verb to have he – male subject helix – a continuous hair – the strands on a pronoun. series of loops. person’s head. he’s – contraction of he is hello – a greeting. half – ½ head – the part of the help – to aid or assist. hall – a large room or body above the neck, the helpful – useful, passageway. person who is in charge. cooperative. halves – plural of half. headache – a pain in a her – female possessive hamlet – a tiny village person’s head. pronoun, belonging to her. hammer – a tool with a heal – to get better, cure. here – in or at this place. long handle and a heavy health – the general herself – the reflexive head, used for pounding in condition of body and form of her. nails. mind. hesitate – to pause before hand – the end part of the hear – to listen and pay doing or saying arm, with five fingers. attention. something. handle – be in charge of. heard – the past tense of hey – an expression used handwrite – to write by the verb to hear. to get someone’s hand, not with a hearing – perceiving attention. typewriter or computer. sound. hi – an informal greeting, happen – take place, heart – the locus of similar to hello. occur. feelings and intuitions. hid – past tense of the happy – showing pleasure, heartfelt – earnest verb to hide. opposite of sad or angry. heat – the quality of being hide – to put out of sight, hard – difficult, not easy, hot. conceal. not soft. heater – device that heats high – having a great hardly – barely. water. vertical extent, such as a hardworking – a person heavy – having great high mountain. tall is used who works diligently, weight. with personal height. opposite of lazy. hectic – agitated, frantic, highlight – to mark or has – to possess, the form wild, disorganized. cause to be more of have used with he, she, hedge – a fence formed by noticeable it. closely planted shrubs. hike – a long walk, often in hat – headwear. heel – the back part of the the hills or mountains.
hill – a raised area of land, horse – a 4‐legged animal, emotional distress. not as high as a mountain. with hooves, a main and a husband – a man married him – male object tail. to his spouse. pronoun. hospital – a health facility hyphen – a punctuation himself – reflexive form of with doctors, nurses and mark that joins words, him. patients. such as third‐grader. hint – a subtle suggestion. hot – having a high I – refers to the person hire – to employ a person. temperature, opposite of speaking or writing. his – male possessive cold. ice – frozen water. pronoun, belonging to hotel – a building where icon – a symbol or graphic him. travelers pay to stay. (audio icon: ). history – the story of the hour – 60 seconds, 1/24th icy – covered with ice or past. of a day having to do with ice. hit – to strike, slap or house – a building where idea – a thought. pound. people live. ideally – in an ideal hoarse – when your voice housekeeper – a person manner is rough due to shouting who cleans houses as a identify – establish who or or a sore throat. job. what something or hold – to grasp or carry, to how – in what way, someone is. support in a person’s manner extent or degree. idiomatic – of or relating hands or arms. however – but, despite to or conforming to idiom holiday – a vacation, a day anything to the contrary if – introduces a off. huge – very large conditional clause hollow – having an empty human – a person, not an iffy – doubtful, not certain space inside. animal illegal – against the law home – a person’s humid – muggy, warm wet imitate – copy permanent living place, air. imitation – something more personal than house. hum – to sing with the lips copied, a fake. homework – school work closed. immature – young, not done at home. hundred – 100 mature. hominid – a human. hungry – needing to eat. immediate – of the honest – telling the truth. hurricane – a storm with a present time, now. hop – a small jump. violent wind, normally in immediately – without hope – expect and wish. the Caribbean. delay, right away. hopeful – feeling or hurry – to rush. impatient – not willing to inspiring optimism about hurt – to cause pain. wait. the future. hurtful – causing pain or impolite – rude, not
polite. infinitive – the uninflected instructor – teacher important – of great form of the verb, such as instrument – a tool or significance. to do or to be. instrument, particularly imposition – an unfair inflection – a change of musical. demand or burden. voice on a certain word to insult – speak to rudely. impossible – totally indicate a different insurance – a guarantee of unlikely. meaning or emphasis. compensation in the case impress – have an inform – tell, to give facts of loss. emotional information – facts integrate – make into a improve – to get better learned or provided whole. in – toward the inside of infraction – the breaking intelligent – smart. inch – a unit of length of a rule. intend – to have in mind equal to one twelfth of a infrastructure – the basic as a purpose. foot. features of a system, city intense – in a high degree, incident – a single distinct or country, such as roads, forceful or extreme. event. electricity and sewers. intensifier – a modifier include – to consider as initial – occurring at the that makes the meaning part of something. beginning. stronger such as a really incorporate – include into initial – the first letters of long trip. a larger set, use, to set up a person’s name, such as intent – purpose, goal. a corporation JFK for John F. Kennedy. intention – what was increase – to become injury – physical damage meant or intended. bigger to the body. intentionally – on increasingly – more so ink – liquid in a pen. purpose, not by accident. than before. innate – inborn, natural, interchangeable – able to incurable – having no not learned. be exchanged with no known cure. insect – a bug. difference. independent – free from inside – within an area. interest – the quality of outside control. insist – to demand. creating curiosity, the indicate – point out instance – an occurrence percentage paid on a loan. indigo – dark blue. of something. interested – having indirect – through instant – a very short interest intermediaries, not direct. time, a moment, a second. interesting – causing indirectly – roundabout, instead – on the contrary interest not in a forthright manner. instructions – information interference – preventing individual – one person. telling how something something from infant – a young baby. should be done. continuing.
interjection – an first time. exclamation, such as hey!, invent – create or design. what?!, ouch! invention – a device or intermediate – between process that has been beginning and advanced. newly created. intermission – a investigate – a systematic temporary break in the inquiry to discover the middle of a movie or a facts. play. investigation – an inquiry internalize – to learn to discover the facts. something so well that it’s investment – something part of your nature. that is worth buying international – involving because it may become more than one country. more valuable later. interrupt – to speak invisible – impossible to before the other person see has finished, to break in invitation – a friendly or interruption – the act of formal request to go interrupting somewhere or do interview – a conversation something. between a journalist and a invite – to make a friendly person of interest. or formal request that into – expressing someone go somewhere movement where the or do something. result is that the thing involuntary –without becomes enclosed. conscious control or intonation – rise and fall against a person’s will. of the voice pitch to involve – include as a indicated a stressed necessary part. syllable or word. involvement – intro – short for participation. introduction IQ – intelligence quotient introduce – make identifying how smart you someone known to are. another person. ironically – paradoxically, introduction – bringing coincidentally. something into use for the irregular – not even or
balanced. irritate – to annoy. IRS – Internal Revenue Service is – the present tense of the verb to be, used with he, she, it. island – a small body of land surrounded by water. isolated – separated, alone. issue – come out of, problem it – the thing named, a pronoun that replaces a noun, such as I saw the movie; I saw it. Italy – a country in Europe it’s – the contraction of it is. item – a small part that can be considered separately from the whole its – possessive form of it. itself – reflexive form of “it” jam – push forcibly into something, a fruit based spread. janitor – someone employed to clean and maintain a building January – the 1st month of the year. Japanese – the language or a native of Japan. jealous – envious
jeopardize – to endanger something that provides lace – a delicate fabric or to put at risk an explanation or used as trim. jet – an airplane powered understanding of lack – to not have, to be by powerful engines something. without job – a task, work keychain – a ring or chain lady – a woman of join – connect, link, used to hold a set of keys. refinement become part of kid – (n) a child, to joke laid – set down. joke – a humorous kill – to cause to die. lake – fresh water anecdote kilo – 1000 grams, 2.2 lbs. surrounded by land. joy – the emotion of great kind – nice, a type of. lamp – a device for giving happiness. kindness – the quality of light judge – a public official being generous and landed – reached or came who decides cases in a considerate. to rest court of law. king – monarch, royal landlord – a property juice – liquid from a fruit head of a country. owner or manager who or vegetable, suitable for kingdom – a country with rents to others. drinking. a king as head of state. lane – a small street, jump – to leap. kiss – to touch with the generally in the country th June – the 6 month of lips in an affectionate language – the year, after may and manner. communication by word before July. kit – a set of items for a of mouth junior – a son who has the specific purpose, such as a laptop – a portable same first name as his first‐aid kit. computer father kitchen – a room for large – big junk – useless stuff. preparing meals last – immediately past jury – twelve people kite – a toy with a light late – after the expected sworn to give a verdict in a frame and thin material lately – in the recent past trial. stretched over it, to be Latin –the language of just – only, and nothing caught by the wind. ancient Rome. more. knew – the past tense of laugh – the sound of keep – to maintain, the verb to know. amusement. continue, hold. knife – a sharp cutting tool laundry – clothes that kept – past tense of the knives – plural of knife. need to be washed. verb to keep. knock – deliver a sharp law – the collection of key – literally, a small blow, to rap with the rules imposed by authority piece of metal used to knuckles on a door. lawn – the grassy area in open a door; figuratively, know – to be aware of. front of a house.
law – a country’s system something is. listen – to hear with of rules. lenient – tolerant, not intention. lawyer – a person who strict literally – in an exact, practices law. lentil – a small flat seed literal sense, such as lax – loose, relaxed, not often used in soup. literally dozens of letters. tense. less – comparative form of Opposite of figuratively. lay – to put something little. literary – having to do down lesson – a unit of with literature. lazy – not liking to work instruction. literature – written works lb – abbreviation for let – to allow, permit. of lasting value. pound letter – a written little – small. lead – to take someone message. live – to exist, inhabit. somewhere, to take level – even, a position on liver – a detoxifying organ charge. a scale. in the human body. leak – an accidental liar – someone who lies. loan – something that is escape of a liquid or gas library – a room where borrowed, especially learner – someone who is books are kept money, opposite of to in the process of learning, lie – to knowingly say borrow. opposite of teacher. something that isn’t true, loaves – plural of loaf, least – the superlative to be in a resting position. which is bread baked in an form of little (little, less, life – the state of being oblong shape. the least). alive, the period between located – situated in a leather – material used birth and death. particular spot. for shoes or belts, made lift – raise from a lower to location – a point. from the skin of an animal a higher position lock – to secure or close leave – to go away, to light – a means of with a mechanism, allow to remain. illumination. requiring a key or a lecture – an educational like – enjoy, similar to combination to open. speech, to talk seriously or limit – extent, boundary logic – reasoning reprovingly to someone. line – a long, narrow mark, conducted according to led – past tense of the a row of people. strict principles of validity. verb to lead. linguistic – the scientific logically – in a logical leg – a lower human limb, study of language. manner. opposite of an arm. link – a connection. loiter – to wait around idly lend – to give temporarily, linked – connected. LOL – laughing out loud. opposite of to borrow. liquid – fluid. lone – sole, single length – how long list – a sequence of items . lonely – sad because a
person has no friends. such as a fax machine. manner – how something long – having length, mad – angry or crazy is done. opposite of short. made – past tense of the manners – how a person look – to direct one’s gaze verb to make. behaves toward others, toward, to seem magazine – soft covered including making requests, loose – not firmly in place, reading material with apologizing, and not snug or tight. articles and pictures. expressing appreciation. lose – fail to win magic – mysterious tricks. mansion – a large fancy loss – something that is mailman – a person who house. lost delivers the mail manual – a small lost – the past tense of the main – most important handbook, by hand. verb to lose. element. manufacturer – a lot – much or many. maintain – to keep company that makes lottery – something that is something the same way. things. regarded as a chance maintenance – keeping many – more than several, event something in good a lot. loud – high volume. working order. map – a diagram of the love – have a great major – main, important, earth’s surface. affection for someone or serious. margarine – a spread something. make – form by putting made from vegetable oil, lovely – attractive parts together, do, create, used as a substitute for low – close to the ground, cause. butter. not high. mall – a complex of stores. mark – a symbol, such as a luck – success or failure by man – an adult male. check mark (√). chance rather than by skill manage – to deal with, to marker – a distinguishing or intent. take care of, to organize, symbol, a pen. lucky – having good to be successful at married – joined in fortune. something. matrimony. luggage – suitcases. management – the act of martial – having to do lump – a mass, a bump. managing something. with war. lunch – the afternoon manager – someone who massive – huge and meal. controls resources and impressive. lung – the chest organs expenditures. master – to acquire that have to do with maniac – a person with complete knowledge or breathing. wild or violent passions skill. machine – an apparatus about something, often masterpiece – an artist’s with mechanical parts, violent. best work.
mastery – complete winning a championship methodology – a system knowledge or skill. media – mass of methods in a particular match – be compatible, to communication, such as area of study. go with. radio, television and the mice – plural of mouse material – the matter that Internet. microphone – a device for something can be made meet – come together. magnifying or recording of. meeting – a formally sound. math – a science dealing arranged gathering microscopic – very small. with numbers. melt – to cause to become mid – the middle point. matter – a situation under liquid. middle – the part between consideration. member – someone the front and the back, or mattress – a large thick belonging to a club. the beginning and the pad for sleeping on. memo – a written end, or the top and the max – the largest possible business message. bottom. quantity. memorize – to commit to midnight – 12 o’clock at may – a helping verb memory, to learn by night expressing possibility, heart. might – a helping verb similar to might. memory – a person’s expressing possibility, maybe – possibly. ability to remember similar to may. mayor – the head of a city. things, a recollection. mile – approximately 1.6 me – the object pronoun men – the plural of man. kilometers. form of I. mention – make reference military – the army or meal – breakfast, lunch or to. navy. dinner. Mercedes – a type of car milk – a nutritious liquid mean – indicate or refer mess – a dirty or untidy obtained from a cow. to. state. milkman – someone who meaning – definition, message – a delivers milk signification. communication millennium – a period of meaningless – having no met – past tense of the 1000 years. sense or meaning. verb to meet. million – 1,000,000 meant – the past tense of metal – a hard material, mind – (n) brain, to care the verb to mean. such as copper, iron, gold, mindbogglingly – measure – to calculate the silver. emotionally overwhelming dimensions of something. meter – 100 cm, mindful – aware, bearing mechanic – a person who approximately one yard. in mind works on cars. method – a way of doing mindset – a way of medal – an award for something. thinking
mine – belonging to me miners – laborer who works in a mine minestrone – soup made with a variety of vegetables minute – 60 seconds miracle – wonderful occurrence mirror – a reflecting surface mislaid – lost temporarily miso – a thick paste made from fermented soybeans and barley miss – fail to perceive missing – not able to be found Mississippi – a state and a river in America mistake – an error Mister – Mr., a male title mitt – baseball glove mix – combine mnemonic – a trick to help memorize. mobile – able to move. mode – how something is done. model – example. modern – relating to the present. modifier – a word that changes the adjacent word, such as an adverb (to run quickly) or an adjective (a good idea).
modify – to change. move – change location mom – casual form of movement – the change mother. of location or position. moment – a point in time. movie – film Mississippi – a state and a moving – in motion river in America. Mr. – a male title st Monday – the 1 day of Mrs. – a female title for the week. married women money – cash, dollars. Ms. – a female title monitor – a computer much – a lot screen. mud – combination of dirt month – 30 days. and water monthly – every month. muffin – a sweet bread mood – emotional state shaped like a cup. moon – the natural muggy – humid satellite of the earth. multiple – numerous, more – to a greater opposite of single. degree or extent. mural – a painting on a morning – the early part wall of the day. museum – a building most – almost all. where art and artifacts are mother – your female stored and displayed. parent music – singing or playing motion – a state of change an instrument. motivate – give an must – to have to. incentive for action. Mustang – a type of car. motorcycle – a 2‐wheeled my – possessive pronoun, vehicle with a motor. belonging to me. mountain – higher than a myself – reflexive form of hill me. mouse – a small gray mystery – something that animal with a long tail. can’t be explained. mouth – the opening in naked – with no clothes the lower part of the face name – a word by which a that is used for speech. person or thing is known mouthful – a small nap – a short sleep amount of food. nation – the people who
live in a nation or country nice – pleasant noun – a person, place, nationality – belonging to night – when it is dark, the thing or idea. a nation by birth. opposite of day. novel – new, a full length natural – not made by nine – 9 fiction book. people. no – a negative response, now – at this time. naturally – as might be opposite of yes. nowhere – in no place. expected. nobody – no person nuisance – an annoyance, near – close, not far. noise – a sound something bothersome. nearly – almost. noisy – loud and number – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc., necessary – essential. nonmusical sounds opposite of a word. need – to require. none – not any nurse – a doctor’s negative – expressing nonsense – having no assistant. denial, disagreement or meaning nutrient – (n) a substance refusal. A number less noodle – a strip of pasta. that provides than zero. noon – 12:00 pm nourishment. neighborhood – a nor – and not; neither nutshell – the hard community within a town. northeastern – the middle outside part of a nut, in a neither – not one or the area between north and compact form. other. east. OK – all right. nephew – the male child northern – toward the Ohio – a state in America. of your brother or sister, north. Olympics – a sports opposite of niece not – adverb used with a festival held every four nervous – easily agitated verb to form a negative. years. neutral – not taking either note – to make mention OMG – Oh my gosh or Oh side, having no strong of. my God, used in texting. characteristics. notebook – a small Orion – a constellation. never – at no time, the compact portable obedient – someone who opposite of always computer follows orders or rules. new – recently made or nothing – not anything, object – a thing, the end introduced, opposite of opposite of something or part of a sentence, in the old. everything. sentence Bob sees Betty, news – current events. notice – write a comment Betty is the object, newspaper – a daily on opposite of the subject. publication with current noticeable – capable obligation – necessity. events. notify – inform someone obvious – clear, apparent. next – immediately of something. obviously – clearly following. notion – idea. occur – to happen, to take
place. one – a single item other – something else. ocean – a large, salty body ongoing – continuing others – other people. of water, such as the online – connected to the otherwise – or else. Pacific Ocean. Internet. ought to – should. oddly – in a strange only – just, and nothing our – belonging to us. manner more out – away from home, odds – the chances of onto – moving atop not in. something happening. something. outburst – a sudden ode – a poem. open – allowing access, release of emotion or odor – a smell. opposite of to close. noise. of – (prep) expressing opening – first or outer – external. possession beginning outlandishly – in an off – not on. opinion – a personal belief bizarre manner. offend – cause someone or judgment that is not outside – beyond the to feel upset. founded on proof boundary of, opposite of offer – present something opportunity – a chance inside. for someone to accept. opposite – directly across outstanding – excellent office – a room in a from. oven – a kitchen appliance building used for option – a choice. used for baking or professional work. or – (prep) introducing an roasting. officer – a member of a alternative. over – (prep) at a higher police force orange – the color of an position than. often – frequently orange, a sweet orange overcast – cloudy. oh – an exclamation that fruit. overflow – the excess can have many meanings order – arrangement, liquid that spills out. depending on the tone. command, to request overhear – hear, usually oil – a liquid derived from merchandise or service. without the knowledge of petroleum. organized – orderly, the person who is old – aged, former, efficient. speaking. opposite of young or orient – to align, guide. overtime – to work current. original – produced at the beyond 40 hours per week omelet – beaten eggs earliest stage of overview – a general cooked until firm and then something. summary. folded over. originally – in the overweight – heavy, fat. omit – to leave out beginning. owe – to have an on – located at origins – ancestry, obligation to repay. once – one time beginning. own – to possess.
owner – a person who paragraph – a section of owns something writing with its own idea. oxide – oxygen plus pardon – the act of another element. excusing a mistake or PC – personal computer offense. PS – Post Script, text parentheses – added to the end of a punctuation marks ( ), letter. similar to brackets [ ]. pace – speed or rate. parent – mother or father Pacific – an ocean that park – to stop a car and extends from the Arctic to leave it temporarily, (n) a the Antarctica, and from large public green area in Asia to the Americas. a city or town. pack – to arrange in a box part – a portion or suitcase. participant – someone package – a container. who takes part in an page – one side of one activity leaf (of a book or participate – take part in magazine or newspaper or particular – specific. letter etc.) particularly – especially pain – physical hurt or party – a festive event, a ache. political organization. paint – a liquid used to pass – to have success color walls or make with a test, to go beyond, pictures. to hand over to someone. painting – a picture passerby – someone who pair – two, a couple, a set. walks past something. pajamas – clothing worn passive voice – a verb while sleeping form where the action palm – the middle part of happens to the person or the hand. thing, rather than the pancake – a flat cake, person or thing actively usually eaten for doing something, It was breakfast. done (by him) is the pants – trousers. passive form of He did it. paper – sheets to write pasta – spaghetti or other on. noodles.
path – an established line of travel or access pathetic – miserable. patience – tolerance. patient – a person in a hospital or in the care of a doctor. pattern – a repeated sequence. pause – to stop for a moment, to hesitate. pay (n) – something that remunerates payment – a sum of money paid pea – a small, round, green vegetable that grows in a pod. peace – quiet and tranquility. peak – the highest point. pear – sweet juicy fruit. pedestal – a support. pen – a writing implement with ink inside, opposite of a pencil. pencil – a writing implement with lead inside, opposite of a pen. people – plural of person. percent – %. perception – awareness. perfect – as good as it is possible to be, a verb form known here as the duo. periodic – recurring at regular intervals.
periodically – sometimes, phrase words or syllables. every once in a while. phrase – a short pizza – a flat Italian pie, permanent – lasting, expression. covered with tomato opposite of temporary. phrasing (n) – the way in sauce and cheese. permission – approval. which something is place – location. permit – (v) to let, to expressed in words placement test – an exam allow. physical – involving the to indicate the current permit – (n) an official body as distinguished level. document giving someone from the mind or spirit. plain – simple, unadorned. permission. physician – a licensed plan – proposal for doing person – a human being, medical practitioner, a something. the individual identified by doctor. plane – an aircraft. the verb tense, such as physics – the science of planet – a celestial body, first person plural: we. matter and energy. such as Earth or Mars. personal – pertaining to piano – a large stringed plant – a living organism an individual, opposite of instrument played by such as a tree or grass. public or professional. striking the black and planter – a decorative perspective – a particular white keys. container for plants. attitude toward or a way pick (v) – to select plastic – a synthetic of looking at something. picture – a painting or material such as nylon. persuade – to talk drawing play – to engage in an someone into something, pie – a baked fruit dish, in activity for enjoyment, or convince. particular apple or to use a musical persuasive – convincing. pumpkin. instrument. pertain to – to relate to, piece – a separate part of player – someone who to have to do with. a whole. participates in a game. phase – stage. pile – a heap. playful – lighthearted. phone – a communication Pilgrim – the group who plaza – a public square. device for talking over sailed to America on the please – give pleasure to. distance. Mayflower in 1620. pleased – happy, glad. phonetics – the study of pill – a tablet pleasure – a feeling of speech sounds. pin – a small metal enjoyment. photograph – a picture fastener. plot – plan secretly, taken with a camera. pit – a large hole usually something illegal photography – the art of pitch – the degree of how plumber – someone who taking photographs. high or low the tone of the installs and repairs pipes. phrasal – pertaining to a voice is, used to stress pluperfect – another
term for the past real duo sound. or the past perfect. popular – liked by many plural – more than one, people. usually created by adding population – all the an S to a noun. people who live in a plus – with the addition particular city, state or of, using this sign: + country. poached egg – an egg porch – a covered shelter cracked into boiling water. at the front of a house. pocket – a compartment position – place in or on the clothes for positive – agreeing, +, not carrying small items. negative. poem – a piece of writing possibility – something that incorporates the that may happen. nature of both speech and possible – something that song. can be done point – a dot, a place. post office – the public polar bear – a white bear department responsible of the arctic region. for the mail. polarity – a relation postpone – to put off, to between two opposite arrange for something to attributes or tendencies take place at a later date. police – city employees pot – a container in which responsible for fighting small plants are grown or crime and protecting food is cooked. citizens. potato – a starchy policy – course of action, vegetable that grows certificate of insurance. underground. polio – an infectious viral poultry –chickens, disease causing paralysis. turkeys, ducks or geese. polite – well mannered. pound – 16 ounces, about politician – someone who half a kilo. runs for office. poundage – weight. pool – a small area of pour – to cause a liquid to water, a swimming pool. flow from a container. poor – without money. power – strength, energy. pop – a short, sharp practice – a customary
way of doing something. praise – to express approval. predict – tell the future prefer – like one thing better than another. pregnant – carrying developing child prior to its birth. preliminary – an action preceding the main event, an action done in preparation for something more important to follow. premises – site, location. prep – short for prepare. prepare – get ready preposition – words of location and direction, such as in, by, with, to. prescriptive – based on what ought to be, contrast with descriptive, which is based on what actually is. present – a gift. presentation – a demonstration. president – the head of a company. press – to push with continuous contact. pressure –continuous force on an object, the use of persuasion or intimidate to get someone to do something. pretty – attractive, rather.
prevent – to stop, to keep progression – a series. from happening. progressively – bit by bit previous – what came project – a planned before assignment. previously – before that promise – an assurance price – the cost of buying that something will be something. done. primary – most promote – contribute to important element the progress or growth of print – a visible indication promotion – act of raising made on a surface in rank or position prior – earlier in time pronoun – a word that probability – likelihood, replaces a noun, such as chances of something he, she, we, i, you. happening. pronounce – to make the probably – most likely. sound of a word. problem – a difficult pronunciation – the way situation that needs to be that words sound. dealt with. proper – suitable, process –a system or way appropriate. of doing something, to proposal – a written plan deal with in a routine way. propose – to put forward prodúce – to make, to an idea. provide. protect – to keep safe. próduce – store bought protest – to object to, to vegetables speak against. product – a commercially proud – deep satisfaction manufactured article. as a result of one’s own professional – a paid achievements. athlete. provide – to give, to make professor – teacher available. proficient – competent. psychologist – a person profit – the money left who studies the human over after expenses. mind and behavior. program – course of public – shared by all the study. people in an area, progress – advancement. provided by the
government, not private. pull – to grasp an object and tug toward oneself. puppy – a young dog pure – free from contamination, complete push – to apply force to move something away. put – set in a certain place. puzzle – a game or toy that tests a person’s ingenuity. pyramid – a triangular building common in Egypt qualified – capable, meeting the necessary requirements. quality – a distinctive characteristic, a high value. quantity – an amount quantum – a discrete quantity of energy. quarter – ¼, 25 cents quarterback – the person who directs the offensive play in a football game. question – an instance of questioning quick – fast. quickly – (adv) fast. quietly – silently, with little or no noise. quirky – odd, peculiar, unconventional. quite – very.
quiz – test. race – any competition racecar – a fast car that competes in races racket – a loud and disturbing noise. radio – medium for communication rage – anger. rain – water falling from the sky. rainbow – an arc of colors in the sky after the rain. raise – to left to a higher position, (n) an increase in pay. raisin – a dried grape. ran – past tense of the verb to run. rang – past tense of the verb to ring. range – limit, area. rapid – fast. rarely – not often. rather – somewhat. raw – uncooked. reach – to stretch out the arm to touch or take something, to arrive. reaction – an action or feeling in response to something. react – to show a response to something. read – to look at and understand written materials.
ready – prepared. something back, to get real – not false. better. realistic – representing red – the color of an apple what is real, reasonable. or blood. reality – the state of being redo – to do again. actual or real. reduce – to cut down. realize – be fully aware or refer to – to mention. cognizant of. reference – the act of really – very. mentioning something, a reason – a cause, book such as a dictionary explanation or justification or a thesaurus. for something. referral – directing recall – to remember. someone to someone you receive – to get. approve of. recent – being new in a reflect – to show back an time not long past image of, as in a mirror. recently – in the recent reflection – the image pas shown back from a shiny recipe – directions for surface. making a meal or a dish. refuse – to reject. recognize – to identify regain – to get something someone or something back. you have seen before. register – to sign up for. recommend – advise, regret – disappointment. suggest regular – usual, normal, recommendation – even, not odd. something that is regulation – a rule. suggested as being good. reheat – to heat again reconfigure – configure in reject – refuse to accept. a different way. relate – have to do with or reconsider – consider be relevant to again relations – family record – make a record of; members, dealings. set down in permanent relationship – the way form two things or people are recount – to count again. connected. recover – to get relative – a person related
by blood or marriage. relativity – the quality of having significance only in relation to something else relevant – to the point reliable – dependable. relieve – to cause pain or difficulty to become less severe. relocate – to move somewhere else reluctant – unwilling. rely on – to depend on. remain – to stay. remark – a comment. remember – to bring back a memory. remind – cause someone to remember something. remodel – to change the structure, improve in a new way. remove – to take out or delete. renovate – to restore to a good condition. reorganization – an alteration of the structure something. repaint – paint again. repeat – to say or do something again. repetition – the act of doing something again. repetitive – characterized by repetition, especially when it’s tiresome or
boring. original condition replace – to put in the restroom – a public place of something else. bathroom. reply – to respond. results – consequence or report – an account of outcome. something. return – getting reported speech – indirect something back again speech, such as He said revenge – pay back, that he would be there. retribution. repose – rest. reverse – change to the represent – to stand for. contrary reputation – what people review – a new evaluation think about someone. review – to look at again request – to ask for. revised – changed, edited, require – to need. modified. reschedule – assign a new revisit – to visit again. time for a meeting. rewrite – to write again. researcher – a scientist rhythm – a strong who does research. repeated beat or pattern. reserve – to arrange for rich – having a great deal something for oneself in of money. advance. rid of, to get – to give or resolution – the action of throw away. solving a problem. ride – travel by car, bus, respond – to reply or to train, bike, etc. answer. ridge – the edge where response – an answer two sloping sides meet. responsibility – duty, ridiculous – laughable. obligation. right – correct, accurate, responsible – being the opposite of wrong. cause of something, rigorous – extremely having an obligation to do thorough or physically something. demanding. rest – relax, take a break. ring – the sound a phone restaurant – a building makes, an echoing sound, where people go to eat a metal O for a person’s restore – bring back to the finger.
rip – to tear. side by side in a line. sad – distressing. rise – to go up. rude – impolite saddle – a seat for a risk – a source of danger. rug – a floor covering horseback rider. river – a long body of rule – govern. safe – free from danger. water. rumor – a circulating story said – past tense of the road – an open way for of doubtful truth. verb to say. travel. rumpled – wrinkled and sail – to travel by ship or roar – a deep prolonged messy. boat. loud noise. run – to move quickly. sailor – a ship’s crew robbery – stealing from a runner – someone who member. person or place. runs. sales – the exchange of rock – a stone, to move rush – hurry. something for money. back and forth. Russian – someone from salesman – a male rocket – a tall cylinder that Russia, the Russian salesperson. is fired into space. language. salt – NaCl, a white crystal rode – past tense of the rusty – oxidized, a reddish seasoning with the taste verb to ride. color, out of practice. of the ocean. th roll – to move by turning Saturday – the 6 day of same – equal. on an axis. the week. sample – a small part of Rome – a city in Italy. Saturn – the ringed something intended as roof – the top covering of planet. representative of the a building. Scotland – a country in whole. room – space, a section of Europe. sandwich – two slices of a house. Shakespeare – a great bread with meat, jam or roommate – someone English playwright. peanut butter between who shares a house, Somalia – a republic in them. apartment or dorm room. extreme eastern Africa. sarcastic – mocking or rosy – pink. Spain – a country in contemptuous. rouge –pink makeup for Europe. sat past tense of the verb the cheekbones. Spanish – people who live to sit. roughly – approximately, in Spain, the language of satisfied – contented, in a rough manner. Spain, Mexico and other pleased. round – in the shape of an countries. sauce – a thick liquid th O. Sunday – the 7 day of served over food. route – road, path. the week. save – to keep safe or to row – an arrangement of Swiss – people who live in rescue. things or people Switzerland. saw – the past tense of
the verb to see. explore. between. say – to convey seashell –a mollusk shell. separately – apart from information. seat – a chair. others. scar – a mark from a cut second – 1/60 of a sequence – a following of nd scared – frightened minute, 2 . one thing after another. scary – frightening secret – information that series – similar things scenario – situation that is is not shared. placed in order. put forth. secretary – someone who serious – of great schedule – agenda, works in an office. consequence. calendar, list of section – department. serve – do duty or hold appointments. see – perceive with the offices. school – an eyes. services – work done by a educational institution. seem – to appear. person or group to benefit schoolwork – a school seen – past duo form of another. task performed by a the verb to see. set – adjust. student. segment – section. settings – location, schwa – a neutral vowel select – to choose, to pick. mechanical adjustment. sound, pronounced uh. self – a person’s essential settled – decided. science – systematic study being. seven – 7 of the natural world. sell – the activity of several – various. scientist – a person who persuading someone to shadows – the dark areas studies science. buy. without direct light. scoop – a large ladle or seller – someone who sell shame – a painful emotion spoon. goods. resulting from an score – grade, sports semi – partly. awareness of inadequacy result. senator – a member of a or guilt. scrambled eggs – eggs senate. shape – the external form. that are mixed with milk send – cause to go sharp – having an edge and stirred while cooking. somewhere. that can cut easily, scrape – to pull a hard, sense – a general opposite of dull. sharp tool across a conscious awareness. shatter – to break into surface. sentence – a many pieces. sea – ocean. string of words following she – female subject seal – a stamp affixed to a grammatical rules. pronoun, opposite of he. document. separable – capable of sheen – a soft luster on a seamlessly – smoothly. being divided. surface. search – to look for, separate – act as a barrier sheer – unmitigated,
steep, very thin. doubt, ignorance or sing – to make musical shelf – a indifference. sounds with the voice. horizontal surface for sibling – a brother or single – the smallest holding objects. sister. whole number (1). shell – the exterior sick – ill, not well. singular – referring to just covering of an egg or a side – a position to the left one person or thing, nut. or right, one of two opposite of plural. shin – the bone in the halves. singularly – particularly, front part of the leg. sidewalk – path for uniquely. ship – a large boat. pedestrians next to a road. sink –to drop to a lower shirt – a garment worn on sight – the power of level, a bowl for washing the upper half of the body. seeing. hands or dishes. shock – an unpleasant or sign – approve and sister – a female sibling disappointing surprise. express assent, sit – be seated. shoe – footwear responsibility. site – location. shoot kill by firing a signal – a gesture or situation – the general missile. sound used to convey state of things. shop – small store or information. six – 6 workplace. significance – importance. size – overall dimensions. short – low in stature; not silent – quiet, not making ski – to glide over snow. tall. any noise skill – an ability that has shortcut – a route shorter silk – a fabric made from been acquired by training. than the usual one. the fine threads. skip – to bypass. shorten – to make less silly – ludicrous, foolish. sky – the blue area above long. silver – a semi‐precious the earth, often having shot – the past tense of metal, the color of a dime. clouds. the verb to shoot. similar – having a slash – a wound made by should – ought resemblance, but not cutting. shout – a loud utterance. exactly the same. sleep – to rest during the show – to exhibit. simple – not complex. night. shower – a light rain, an simplify – to make less sleepy – needing sleep. enclosure to get clean complicated. slice – a thin piece. under a spray of water. simply – merely, only that. slight – small in degree. shredder – a device that since – from that time. slightly – a little. shreds documents. sincere – not deceitful. slow – at a low speed, not shrug – to move your sincerely – with sincerity; fast. shoulders up to indicate without pretense. smack – to deliver a hard
blow or slap. small – little, not large. smart – intelligent. smash hit hard, to break. smell – odor. smog – dirty air. smoke – the cloud that comes off of a fire. smooth – having an even surface with no bumps. snake – a legless reptile. snap – easy, to click the fingers together. snore – to breathe loudly while sleeping. snow – frozen snow. so – to a large degree. social – relating to people or society. soda – a sweet, carbonated drink. soft – easy to mold, not hard. software – a computer program. sold – the past tense of the verb to sell. solid – filled throughout, not hollow. solution – answer. some – unspecified in number. someday – an unspecified time in the future. somehow – for some unspecified reason. someone – an unspecified
person. space – an empty area. something – a thing of span – the complete some kind. duration of something. sometime – at some speak – say. indefinite time. speaker – a person who sometimes – on certain speaks, an amplifier occasions but not always. species – a specific kind of somewhere – an something. indefinite or unknown specific – a fact about location. some part (as opposed to son – a male human general). offspring. specifics – clearly defined song – a short details. musical composition with speech – spoken words. communication. soon – in the near future. speedy – quick, fast. sooner – comparative spell – to say the letters of form of ‘soon’. a word in the correct sophisticated – order. developed, more complex, spend – pay out. elaborate. spider – an 8 legged insect sore – painful. spill – the act of allowing a sorry – regretful, fluid to escape. apologetic. spirit – the animating soul – the human spirit. force in living beings. sound – something that spite – in spite of, without can be heard, seem (How being affected by what does that sound?). was mentioned, such as soup – a hot liquid meal. She worked in spite of her south – the bottom poor health. compass point, with north splash – the sound being the top. something hitting water. southeast – to the eastern splinter – a small thin side of the south. sharp piece of wood. soy – thin brown sauce split – to separate into made of fermented soy sections. beans. spoke – past tense of the
verb to speak. metal wire forced through sports – an activity papers to hold them requiring together. physical exertion, skill and star – a light in the night competition. sky, an actor who plays a spot – a stain. principal role. spread – a haphazard start – to begin. distribution in all starving – suffering from directions. lack of food. sprinkling – a small statement – a clear number (of something) expression of something dispersed haphazardly. in speech or writing. squeeze – the act of state – one of the 50 gripping and pressing divisions in the United firmly. States. suit – to accommodate, station – a stopping point fit, (n) men’s clothes. on a public transportation stable – not likely to line. change. statue – a sculpture stack – an neat pile. representing a human or staff – employees. animal. stage – any distinct status – the relative time period in a sequence position or standing of a of events. person in society. staircase – a set of steps. stay – continuing or stair – a step up or down. remaining in a place or stale – dry, not fresh state. stall – small area set off by steadily – in a steady walls for special use. manner. stand – a support or steal – take without the foundation. owner’s consent. standard – the ideal in stem – a slender structure terms of which something that supports a plant. can be judged. step – one level of a stand offish – unfriendly. staircase, one part of a standpoint – perspective sequence. staple – a small straight stick – to attach, (n) a
piece of wood. still – even now, such as We still don’t know. stilted – awkward, not smooth or fluent sting – a sharp pain. stink – to smell bad. stole – past tense of to steal stone – a hard piece of earth, a rock. stood – past tense of to stand. stop – to come to an end, to cause to cease. store – a place where things are sold. storm – rain, hail, or snow hard and be very windy, often with thunder or lightning. story – a piece of fiction that narrates a chain of related events. stove – a kitchen appliance used for cooking food. strange – unusual, different, not known before. strategy – an elaborate and systematic plan of action. street – a thoroughfare (usually including sidewalks) that is lined with buildings.
stress – mental or larger set. sum – total. emotional strain. substance – that which summer – the warmest striving – trying. has mass and occupies season of the year, from stroll – a leisurely walk. space. June to August. strong – powerful, the substitute – to replace. sumo –Japanese wrestling opposite of weak. subtract – deduct, take sun – the closest star to structure – building, away. the earth and the source constructed object. suburban – having to do of heat for the planet. stuck – when something with the bedroom sunglasses – dark glasses or someone can’t move or communities. for sunny days. make progress used with subway – an underground sunny – filled with to be or to get. train. sunlight student – a learner, succeed – to reach a super – of the highest opposite of teacher. desired goal. quality study – spending time and success – the achievement superlative – the highest effort in order to learn. of a desired goal. level, generally ending in – stuff – things, items, successful – having a great est. equipment, belongings, deal of success. supermarket – a grocery junk. such – to a high degree, store. stung – past tense of to used with a noun, see so. supply – to provide. sting. sudden – happening support – to give stunned – very surprised. without warning or in a assistance to. style – a manner of doing short space of time. supportive – providing something. suddenly – happening encouragement or subject – matter of a unexpectedly. emotional help. conversation or suffix – a word ending, suppose – to believe, to discussion. such as – ize, – ate, – ed, imagine, to think. subjective – based on opposite of prefix. sure – certain. personal feelings, sugar – a natural surface – the outer layer. opposite of objective. sweetener. surgical – having to do subjunctive – relating to a suggest – make a with surgery or a medical mood of verbs. proposal, declare a plan operation. submarine – an for something. surprise – a sudden underwater boat. suggestion – a proposal. unexpected event. submit – give, send in. suitcase – a portable surprisingly – subsequent – following. container for carrying unexpectedly. subset – a set within a clothes. survive – to continue to
live after an accident or procedure. tea. catastrophe. Tabasco® – a spicy hot tear – (n) [tir] a drop of sushi – rice and raw fish, sauce. salty liquid from the eye wrapped in seaweed. table – a piece of furniture when a person is sad, suspect – someone who is with tableware for a meal [tehr] to rip. under suspicion laid out on it technical – requiring a swan – an elegant, white, tackled – attempted special knowledge. water bird. something difficult, technique – a practical swear – promise solemnly; grabbed or knocked down method or art applied to take an oath another football player. some particular task. sweat – salty moisture on tadpole – a baby frog. teenager – a person the skin. tag – a type of statement between the ages of 13 sweater – a warm knitted or question ending, such and 19 garment worn over a shirt. as isn’t he. teeth – the plural of tooth sweet – a food rich in take – to reach for and telephone – an electronic sugar hold, to remove, opposite means of communicating swim – be afloat; stay on a of to bring or to leave. over distance. liquid surface; not sink talk – to speak in order to tell – say swings – a sweeping blow give information. temperature – the degree or stroke tall – high of cold or heat, often syllable – part of a word, tame – not wild measured by a consisting of at least one task – a job thermometer. vowel and perhaps a taste – flavor temporary – lasting for consonant. Syl•la•ble has taught – the past tense of only a short time, not three syllables. the verb to teach permanent symbol – an written sign, taxes – money paid to the tempting – enticing, such as © for copyright. government. attractive but wrong. synonym – words with taxi – a public vehicle ten – 10 similar meanings, such as tea – a beverage made by tenant – a person who teacher and instructor. steeping tea leaves in lives in a rental unit, synopsis – a summary of water opposite of landlord. the main points. teach – impart skills or tend – to be inclined. synthesis – the knowledge to tennis – a game played combination of ideas into teacher – a person who with rackets and a net. a whole. teaches, an instructor tense – verb changes that system – a set of things team – a cooperative unit express time, a vowel comprising a whole, a teapot – pot for brewing where the muscles are
tight, opposite of lax. their – possessive term – a word or pronoun, belonging to expression used for them something. them – objective case of terminology – a system of the words used to name then – that time; that things in a particular moment discipline there – a location other terrible – causing fear or than here; that place dread or terror there’re – contraction of terrific – very great or there are. intense thermodynamics – the test – to try something to branch of physics find out about it, an exam. concerned with the Texas – the second largest conversion of different state in America. forms of energy. text – written words. these – plural of this. textbook – a book used in they – plural of he, she, it. school. thick –dense, not thin. than – conjunction used in thin – take off weight comparatives thing – an object that one thank – express gratitude need not or cannot give a or show appreciation. name to. Thanksgiving – American think – have an idea, and Canadian holiday. ponder, cogitate, believe. that – used to identify third – 3rd someone or something thirsty – needing water. not close, opposite of this, thirty – 30 singular of those. this – used to identify that’s – the contraction of someone or something that is. close to the speaker, the – definite article, opposite of that, singular indicating one or more of these. thing that is known or has thorough – exhaustively been mentioned. complete. theater – a building where those – plural of that. movies are shown. though – however
thought – the past tense of the verb to think thousand – 1000 threaten – to express the intention of doing something negative, different from promise. three – 3 threw – the past tense of the verb to throw throat – the passage to the stomach and lungs throaty – low pitched through – having finished or arrived at completion throughout – from first to last throw – to fling or toss through the air. thud – make a dull sound Thursday – the 4th day of the week thus – so ticket – a piece of paper that gives permission to enter, such as a movie ticket or a plane ticket. A notice of offense, such as a parking ticket. tie – to attach, (n) an equal score, such as 2‐2 in a game. Men’s neckwear. tiger – a large, striped, wild cat. tight – closely constrained or constricted or constrict in
time – an instance or sauces or ketchup. tourist – someone who single occasion for some tomorrow – the day after travels for pleasure. even today, opposite of tournament – the location timer – a timepiece that yesterday. of a competition. measures a time interval tone – the overall quality toward – in the direction and signals its end of a vocal sound, of. tin – a cheap metal especially having to do towel – paper or cloth to tiny – very small with the speaker’s dry things. tip – the extreme end of attitude. tower – a tall, narrow something, especially tongue – the organ in the building. something pointed. mouth used for speaking, town – a small city. tired – exhausted, licking or tasting. toy – an object designed fatigued. tonight – today’s night. to be played with. tiring – causing to get tons – a large amount track – a rough path, often tired. too – also used for jogging. To follow title – the name of a book, took – the past tense of the movements of a form of address, such as the verb to take. something or someone. Ms. or Dr. tooth – a hard, enamel‐ traction – adhesive to – in the direction of. coated structure in the friction toast – sliced, browned jaw, used for biting and trade – an equal bread. chewing. exchange. today – this day, the day top – the upper part. traditionally – in a long‐ between yesterday and topic – subject. established manner. tomorrow. tore – the past tense of traffic – cars on the road. toe – the digits on your the verb to tear. train – railway cars on a foot. torn – fill with tears or track. tofu – bean curd. shed tear training – activity leading together – collectively tornado – violently circling to skilled behavior. Tokyo – a city in Japan. winds in a funnel‐shaped transcend – to go beyond. told – past tense of the cloud. transcription – something verb to tell. total – complete. written, particularly from tolerate – to put up with. totally – completely. speech. toll – the sound of a bell touch – to come into transfer –moving being struck, or a fee contact with. something from one charged. touchdown – a scoring location to another. tomato – a red vegetable goal in American football. translate – to change from that is often used in tough – very difficult one language to another
transportation – a means building. underline – to highlight of taking people or things turn – to change with a line underneath. from one place to directions. underneath – below. another, such as cars, turnover – the rate at understand – to trucks, trains or subways. which workers leave a job comprehend. trash – something of no and are replaced. underwater – beneath the value, garbage. tutor – a private teacher. surface of the water. trashcan – a container for TV – television. undressed – without trash. twelve – 12 clothes travel – to make a twenty – 20 unemployed – not having journey. twice – two times a job. tree – a tall woody plant two – 2 uneven – not smooth, not with a trunk and branches. type – a subdivision of a equal. trial – presentation of particular kind of thing unfortunate – unlucky. evidence by lawyers to a typical – distinctive. unfortunately – by bad judge to determine guilt typically – in a typical luck or innocence. manner. unhappy – feeling of triangle – a shape with 3 typist – a person who distress or sadness. sides. types. uniform – all of the same trip – a short journey. umbrella – a handheld size and shape, clothes. trouble – difficulty or canopy to protect a union – the state of being problems. person from the rain. joined or linked. truck – a large vehicle for unaccompanied – alone. united – joined as one. transporting heavy things. unaided – without help. unit – a part, an item. true – consistent with the uncalled – one not called unless – if not, except facts. or invited. when trust – to believe, to rely unchanging – stable. unplanned – not on uncle – a parent’s brother. scheduled, accidental. truth – a fact that has uncountable – something unreal – fake been verified. that is not able to be unrelated – not connected try – to attempt. counted, such as air, by kinship tub – a large container for water, furniture; inseparable – not capable taking a bath. contrasted with countable, of being separated. nd Tuesday – the 2 day of such as two pens, some unstressed – not bearing a the week cars, many people. stress or accent. tunnel – a passageway under – located beneath until – up to a time. through a hill or under a something else unusual – strange, not
common or ordinary. hold flowers. unvoiced – a consonant veer – to turn sharply. that is whispered, vegetable – an edible opposite of voiced. plant, such as broccoli or up – toward a higher corn. position. vein – a blood vessel that upon – on top of. carries blood from the upset – an unhappy and capillaries to the heart. worried mental state verb – an action word, us – plural of me, object such as to go or to see. form of we. verify – confirm use – to employ. version – an used to – previously. interpretation of a matter useful – helpful. from a particular useless – having no viewpoint benefit. very – precisely as stated usual – common. vice – in place of usually – commonly. vicious – having the utilize – to use. nature of vice utter – express in speech. victim – someone harmed vacation – a holiday or as the result of a crime or break from school or accident. work. view – a way of regarding vacuum – the absence of situations or topics etc matter, a gap, (v) to clean vine – a climbing plant. with a vacuum cleaner. violet – a purple flower. valley – a long depression virus – an agent that of land that often contains infects either people or a river. computers. valuable – something of vision – the state of being worth, precious. able to see. value – the importance or visit – the act of going to worth of something. see some person or place variety – diversity. or thing for a short time various – several different visual – having to do with things. sight. vase – an open jar used to vital – necessary.
vocabulary – words voice – a sound uttered though the mouth. voiced – a consonant that is spoken, not whispered. volume – the amount of 3‐dimensional space occupied by an object voluntary – done of a person’s free will. vote – a choice made by people in an election. vowel – a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y or w, opposite of a consonant. wait – to stay where you are in expectation of something. waiter – a person who works in a restaurant serving food. walk – to travel by foot. wall – a brick or stone structure that divides land; a side of a room or building. wallet – a folding case for papers and paper money. wannabe – an ambitious and aspiring person want – a specific feeling of desire war – the waging of armed conflict against an enemy warehouse – a storehouse for goods and
merchandise weigh – to find out how warm – between cold and heavy something is. hot. weight – heaviness or warning – an alert. lightness. was – the past tense of weird – strange. the verb to be, used with I, welcome – to accept he, she, it. gladly. wash – to clean. well – a deep hole drilled waste – to use or spend for water or oil. carelessly. went – the past tense of watch – to look the verb to go. attentively. (n) a were – the past tense of timepiece for the arm. the verb to be, used with water – H2O you, they, we. wave – a hand movement western – having to do to indicate hello or with the west, opposite of goodbye, an ocean surge. eastern. way – manner, how. wet – covered with water, wayside – edge of a way not dry. or road or path. what – a thing, a question we – plural of I. (what?) weak – having little whatever – anything. strength, opposite of wheel – the four round strong. objects that allow a car to wear – to have on clothes. move easily. weather – the when – a time, a question temperature and (when?) conditions, such as rain or whenever – every time snow. that. wedding – the marriage where – a place, a ceremony. question (where?) rd Wednesday – the 3 day whereas – on the other of the week. hand. week – 7 days whether – introducing weekend – Saturday and two alternatives. Sunday. which – that, used with weekly – every week. commas.
while – (conj) during the time that. white – the color of snow. who – a person, a question (who?) whoever – whatever person. whole – including everything, entire. whom – object form of “who”, such as To whom shall I send this? This form is falling from favor. whose – of which person. why – question word; what is the reason. wicked – morally bad in principle or practice. wide – broad in scope or content, opposite of narrow. widow – a woman whose husband has died. width – the extent of something from side to side. wife – a man’s partner in marriage. wiggle – to move to and fro. wild – an uninhabited area in its natural condition. will a helping verb used for the future, such as I will do it later. win – to have a victory. wind – moving air.
window – a glass section figuratively, such as a write – to mark letters or of a wall. wooden demeanor. words on paper or a windshield – the front word – a single unit of computer. glass in a car. language. writer – a person who windy – breezy. wordy – containing too writes winter – the coldest many words. wrong – incorrect, season of the year. work – activity directed opposite of right. wire – a thin flexible metal toward making or doing wrote – the past tense of thread. something. the verb to write wise – having experience, worker – a person who Xerox®– a photocopy. knowledge and good works. yacht – a large fancy boat judgment. workout – an exercise Yankees – a New York wish – to feel a strong session. baseball team. desire for something that world – the earth. yard – 3 feet, similar to a is generally not going to worldly – sophisticated. meter. Also the front or happen. See hope. worldwide – global. back area of a house. witch – a woman with evil worn – past tense of to year – 365 days. magic powers. wear. yell – to shout or call out with – accompanying. worry – a strong feeling of loudly. within – on the inside. anxiety. yellow – the color of gold without – in absence of worse – more bad. or a lemon. wolf – beast, carnivorous worst – the most bad. yes – agreement, the canine mammals. worth – having a specified opposite of no. woman – an adult female value. yesterday – the day person. would – the unreal duo before today, opposite of women – plural of form of will. tomorrow. woman. wound – (n) an injury, yet – up to the present won’t – the contraction of past tense of the verb to time, used with a negative will not. wind. or question, such as I wonder – feeling of wrestler – someone who haven’t done it yet or surprise. grapples with and tries to Have you done it yet? wonderful – very good. throw an opponent. yikes – an exclamation of wood – the brown wrestle – the act of surprise. material in the trunk of a grappling and throwing an yolk – the yellow part of tree. opponent. an egg. wooden – made of wood. wrinkled – marked with you – second person It can also be used creases. pronoun.
young – any immature animal, opposite of old. your – of or belonging to you. yourself – reflexive form of “you”. zebra – a black and white animal, similar to a horse. zip – to move very fast or to close with a zipper. zoo – a park with animals. zookeeper – a person who takes care of the animals in a zoo.