University of Phoenix – Online
Dr. James Bell
The following paper looks at three different personality assessment tools, Meyer-Briggs, Rorschach, and Self-help books. It describes each of them and considers the strengths and weakness of each. It also attempts to provide a brief background on each tool as well.
When it comes to understanding personality one must understand that there’s several personality indicators. Three of them are to be presented in this paper. Which are the Meyers and Briggs, Rorschach, and Self-help books. The similarities and differences in these assessments, I will attempt to identify there characterizes.
Meyers and Briggs
This personality assessment was first introduced, in 1942 by Isabel Briggs Meyers and her mother Katharine. The Myers and Briggs Foundation “began by developing a “sorter” instrument to identify psychological type preferences in people, in relation to the theory of C. G. Jung.” The test consists of creating a question indicator and using the data to determine if that individual item accurately measures what was intended. To better understand I have included the following example.
Myers-Briggs – Directions – Do no open booklet until you have read all the directions and answered all the questions. Your answers to these questions will help show you how you like to look at things and how you like to go about coming to a judgment. There is no “right” or “wrong” responses. Knowing your own preferences and learning about other peoples; can help you understand what your strengths are, what kinds of work you might enjoy, and how people with different preferences can connect to one another and contribute to society.
... working parts to work efficiently. Although many personality assessments are available, (2013) “The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is the most ... and analyzes information strategically. She is good at reading people, but does not always take others feelings into consideration ... how it affects other people. Conclusion Learning Team D includes members with a variety of personality types. This mix ...
Read each question carefully and indicate your response by making an “X” in the appropriate box next to the responses you select. Use a ballpoint pen and press down forcefully. Do not spend too much time concentrating on any one question. If you cannot decide on an answer, bypass that question and come back to it later. If you mark an answer incorrectly, do not erase but blacken in the box marked by mistake. There are 93 responses – Good Luck. Once you have completed the Myers-Briggs test you can tear along the perforated lines. Look on the inside and score your test.
The Raw Points are calculated by totaling the number of x’s marked in the E, I, S, N, T, F, J and P columns. The “total number” of X’s in ach section is added up. An individual can be (E) = Extraversion or (N) = Intuition; (S) = Sensing or (N) = Intuition; (T) = Thinking or (F) = Feeling; (J) = Judging or (P) = Perceiving. Whichever column has the highest number the most probable personality indicator. Indicators are measured in Introversion, Sensing, Feeling, and Judging (I, S, F, & J).
Then you go to the Preference Clarity category and based on your preference you select your numbers. The numbers 11-13 mean Slightly in that category; 14-16 means Moderately in that category; 17-19 means Clearly in that category; and 20-21 means that you were very clear in that category.
The strength in this assessment is that an individual can find out more about his or her inner self. I would not recommend Myer-Briggs with children. Young and older adults can benefit from the test because they can find out how they like to view things and how they determine things. There’s a form that selects whether they believe that they are Extroverting or Introverting; Sensing or Intuiting; Thinking or Feeling; and Judging or Perceiving. The Myers-Briggs is designed to get the individual to know themselves better. This test measures personality traits; it’s interesting to see how an individual views oneself and how the test discloses something totally different in certain areas.
... conscious mind, id, ego, super ego, and childhood experience create individual personality (_Psychodynamic Theory_, 2005). Freud describes that the unconscious mind is ... roles in Freuds stages of development that all contribute to individual personality. Sripakdeevong (2008) states that Freud’s psychosexual development during ...
My personal experience with the Myers-Briggs assessment test was fascinating. I scored high in Extraversion as compared to Introversion. I measured high in Sensing as compared to Intuition. I measured high in Thinking as compared to Feeling. The test perceived me as high in Judging as compared to Perceiving. My Reported type was E, S, F, and J. As far as the Preference Clarity Category, I scored Moderate in Extraversion, Very Clear in Sensing, Clare in Feeling and Judging. The areas concerning whether or not you like to plan things or are you a spur of the moment person were thought provoking. “Important as this self-analysis is, it is only the beginning of the long process of learning how to modify your own behavior (Souerwine, 1978, p. 125).”
I found very few weaknesses with this particular personality assessment. I would like to note that in collecting responses if an item did not fit into a preference it was discarded thus leaving out a possible personality trait. Another weakness is that mood can influence the results for this assessment. For example, if an individual was experiencing duress or stress, this may influence his or her response.
Overall, my thoughts on the Myers-Briggs were that it was an intriguing test. I was comfortable taking the test and believe that young and older adults would benefit from the test. I also believe that because it’s unbiased in regard to cross-cultural ethnicities it can be widely used as a personality assessment. I would use these assessment tools to assist individuals who were displaced, seeking career changes, laid off or fired by giving them different assessment test that I selected.
According to the (Separated Parenting Access & Resource Center), the Rorschach test has been familiarized through books and media, however, most individuals know very little about it. The test consists of series of cards with various shapes printed in ink. Hence the name, “the ink blot test.” The thought process behind the test is the individual’s personality or thoughts. This test is considered outdated and unreliable by a majority of psychologists. Generally speaking it’s a culturally unbiased assessment tool, which is left up to the interpreter of the test.
... and reproduced the same five factor structure using personality ratings of individuals given by their peers. Digman and Takemoto-chock ... quieter pursuits. So their behaviour matches their score on personality tests measuring for introversion and extraversion. Moreover Gale (1983) ... those who usually score higher on Psychoticism measures in personality tests. One of the more general criticisms of the ...
Administration of this personality assessment is prevented in a very inflexible manner which minimizes variances in the result. Any questions or comments on the cards themselves also are said to provide significant information about an individual’s personality. Guidance while taking the assessment is rarely used; the individual is instead instructed to “freely examine the card.” This is all noted by the administrator of the test. Approximately 50% percent of individuals who take this assessment flip or rotate the cards. The administrator is supposed to note any of these actions, when an individual does not adjust the cards they may be penalized.
The test itself is given in a specific manner and order; cards are presented one at a time. During the test everything that is done or said is recorded the notes that are taken are then analyzed to reveal the results. An individual is allowed to freely express his or her thoughts. A major drawback I see in this assessment is that results are interpretations of the administrator thus based on his or her frame of mind and not solely the individual. This test is in direct opposition to more objective tests such as: Briggs and Meyers.
In my opinion, I believe that the Rorschach test allows for the individuals expression, however, because it’s subject to interpretation of the administrator I don’t find it very reliable personality assessment tool. I found some of the images to be very indescribable, sample analysis were quite biased, and disturbing. The interpretation seemed to be directed towards a mature audience, I would not recommend this test for younger individuals.
Self-help books serves the purpose of getting information out to people, it’s up to the individual to know how much information they wish to seek. When an individual turns to self-help books they are seeking information or advice about a particular issue, or dilemma, most often related to a personality flaw. I found that when reading self-help books with the material, it’s regurgitated and presented in a new manner. Many of these self-help books are written and or edited by various well known psychologists.
... to other types of assessments, including stan- dardized test scores, other validated assessment tools, or global assessments of children’s traits. ... researcher or evaluator must administer the assessment, it is best if the individual spends time in the classroom beforehand. ... , sometimes causing unstable scores over time. Most individual tests of cognitive ability must be administered in a controlled ...
In addition, the purpose of the majority of these books are to help the individual assesses themselves and understand his or her personality traits. On the downside one should note that some of these self-help materials are misleading, and yield poor advice. A second drawback is the material was written just for generating revenue. Culture bias is much more prevalent in these personality assessment tools. The material can be directed towards a particular race or ethnicity.
Probably the most prominent feature of self-help books is to improve oneself and those closest to or nearest to the individual. For example, there’re many books available on childhood traits and personality deviance. A parent or guardian can obtain tools for identifying, diagnosing, and treating or rectifying a particular personality trait that is out of sync. This can be done in the privacy of the home rather than outside the house thus being subject to negative speculation. Care must be taken when using these self-help materials to choose those reputable individuals in the psychological field.
Self-help books provide tools for assessing personality and self improvement. This is done by self test and analysis of the results by the individual based on the information gathered. The results are subject to certain bias but to a much less degree than that of Rorschach. The bias tends to be present because self-help books tend to be general. They’re also done in a much more private manner which allows for dishonesty in some answers.
To summarize these three personality assessment tools one has to realize that all three are truly observations based on data collected and put into a prescribed format. The results are then revealed through the formula used. Meyer-Briggs seems to be the only least vulnerable to individual interpretation. Since the nature of the tool is a two answer questionnaire that is set up to cover a wide variety of individuals the results are based upon a large number of responses already categorized. There’s no right, or wrong answers. As with the other two there’s a chance of dishonesty and emotional wellbeing at the time the assessment is given.
... development of problems occur when narcissistic traits become exaggerated in an individual's personality. During the first eighteen months of life ... The narcissistic individual may be more successful at their chosen field of work than some of the other personality disorders because ... found in everyone. An individual's existence would be in jeopardy if some narcissistic traits were not present. The ...
Rorschach seems to focus particularly on wrong or deviant traits. It carries what I believe to be a strong sexual overtone and thus inappropriate for younger individuals. Unlike the other two it’s almost entirely dependent upon the administrator’s interpretation. Self-help books provide assistances in a private more comfortable manner. Most are designed to cover general diagnostic information. As with Briggs-Meyer they tend to use self-tests with answers then plugged into predetermined categories. Because of the private nature dishonesty is also prevalent issue. Of the three assessment tools I find the Myer-Briggs to be of most use in today’s society.
The Myers & Briggs Foundation. (). MBTI Personality Type Original Research. Retrieved November 29, 2007, from //www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/original-research.asp
Separated Parenting Access & Resource Center. (). The Rorschach
Test. Retrieved November 29, 2007, from //www.deltabravo.net/custody/rorschach.php
Souerwine, A. H. (1978).
Career Strategies, New York, NY: American
Management Associations, p. 113.