WWII/ Holocaust Essay
There were over eleven million Jews, mentally and physically handicapped people, gypsies, and many other races and religions killed during World War Two and Hitler’s reign of terror. This giant, unforgettable genocide may be the largest ever known to human history. It is called the holocaust.
How Hitler cut through the ranks and somehow got to the top of the food chain of the German military deceives me. But what I do know, is that he was crazy. He wanted power, and wanted Germany to return to power. His country had been so torn down and had so many rules cast upon it from World War One, one could hardly consider them a superpower anymore. Hitler wanted to change that. He decided that destroying an entire “inferior race” would reignite the Aryan’s sense of superiority and “bring Germany back from the dead.” So, that’s just what he did, and it worked. Hitler invaded Poland on September first, 1939, and Germany began to rise from the ashes, with the ultimate intention of annihilating all Jews. He came far too close to succeeding.
The invasion of Poland started World War Two, meaning basically the entire world got involved, or so it seemed, either supporting Hitler or against him. On one side were the Allies, which included the British empire, the USSR, and the United States of America, commonly known as “ the big three.“ There were also many other smaller and less influential nations involved. The other side, called the Axis, primarily consisted of Germany, Japan, and Italy. Just as with the Allies, numerous smaller countries aligned with the Axis.
... that they caused Germany to lose the first world war. Another reason they let themselves be so easily persuaded by Hitler was because his ... the Treaty of Versailles imposed on Germany. The German people so resented it that when Hitler offered them a way out of ... the people of Germany accepted Hitler’s orders willingly and without question was beause it was what they wanted to hear. At the ...
Hitler was the leader of the group called the Nazi party. Nazism, or national socialism, was Hitler’s perfect theory and government of Nazi Germany. The Nazi ideology stressed that there was one master race; the Aryan race, and all others were beneath them. German Nazis considered themselves to be the most pure form of this master race, and felt that Jews were destroying their bloodline and becoming parasitic to Germany. The obvious choice was to completely eradicate the Jewish race. In reality, none of this was true, but Hitler convinced most of the German citizenry that it was, by using something called propaganda. Hitler preached to his commanders, and his commanders preached to the people. Quite often Hitler would speak to the people as well, but he had to get his officers to believe it before he started with the rest of the country. Hitler would make long speeches about how Jews were bad and inferior beings. Hitler used everything from magazines and newspapers to posters and radio, in order to sell the Nazi party to Germany. He fed the public lies and deceit, in order to make the Nazi party, and therefore himself, stronger. Nazi propaganda went much farther than just the military and adult citizens. He created a paramilitary organization called the Hitler Youth, the second longest lasting paramilitary group, founded one year after its adult counterpart, the SA (sturmabteilung).
Shortly after its creation, all children were forced to join and if you did not enroll your child, the crime was punishable with death. As portrayed in The Book
Thief and Swing Kids, the Hitler Youth were taught how to march, while their minds were filled to overflowing with propaganda. By doing this, Hitler had everyone in the entire German nation right under his thumb and willing to believe any word that came out of his mouth. He had learned these good skills of persuasion from his time as an infantryman in WWI, by experiencing French and British propaganda. He soaked it all in, and put it to use in Germany. Hitler wanted everyone to be on his side and he did a tremendous job of doing so. In Swing Kids, two boys that had been friends for their entire lives were ripped apart because of the Hitler youth. Both said they would never be like them, nor act the way they did. But only one was true to his word, and the other was so brainwashed he fell extremely hard for the Nazis. In The Book Thief, the main character Liesel Meminger, is a little girl who is secretly Jewish, but is taken in by a German family and forced to join the Hitler youth. She did not believe in any of it the entire time, and amazingly, stayed true to herself.
Albert Speer’s contribution to the Nazi war effort started well before the declaration of war. His work for the Nazi regime aided Adolf Hitler in lifting the morale of the German people and consolidating Nazi power which was determined to engage in armed conflict. Speer was an accomplished architect and a highly efficient organiser. Hitler addressed Berlin’s university students at a Berlin ...
Back to the allies and the axis. Both sides had many more countries aligned with them, and while the smaller countries where there, had influence, and did fight in battles, it was just on a much smaller scale than that of the big three for each side. In addition to Great Britain, the USSR, and the USA, the Allied countries included France, Australia, China, Brazil, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, Greece, India, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, the Philippine Commonwealth, Poland, the Union of South Africa, and Yugoslavia. All of these countries contributed in some way or another to the Allied side of WWII. Earlier in this essay I termed them as smaller. I did not mean smaller in size, but rather that they had less of an impact on the outcome of WWII. All of these countries did not fight at the same time; they all came and went depending on when and where the fighting was. Even though the Allies came out victorious as a whole, some of these countries were defeated during the war and did not have the same fate as those countries that finished the war without being temporarily taken over by the Axis.
In addition to their big three, the Axis was made up of Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, San Marino, Finland, Iraq, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Montenegro, Slovakia, Serbia, Albania, Denmark, Spain, and Sweden. Not all of these countries necessarily fought, but they did contribute. They were called German or Italian puppet states which meant they could station, and hide troops there whenever they wanted. Some of these countries had so little impact on the outcome of the war that they would never be credited or even considered with being on the winning or losing side. Some were in it for as little as a month. From the number of countries involved around the entire world, it’s easy to see why it was called a world war.
In the 1960s, 1970s or even 1980s, if you ask someone, which countries produce the best wine in the world? They would have said France, Italy or Spain. However, if you ask someone the same question nowadays, the answer would be different. The new wine industry players such as Australia, the United States and Chile are changing the global industry structure, leading the global industry trend, and ...
The war lasted from 1939 to 1945, killing around 20 million soldiers and 40 million civilians. Without digging into the specifics of what took place and where, one would expect the numbers to be the other way around. But, as most of the fighting and bombing took place in the cities and heavily populated areas, large civilian casualties were impossible to avoid. The Soviet Union had, by far, the most casualties in the war, losing over 27 million people; almost half of the entire sum of casualties. Surprisingly, approximately 85 percent of the casualties from WWII were on the allied side, mostly consisting of the Soviets and Chinese, with only 15 percent of casualties coming from the Axis. Based on those statistics alone, one would have expected the Axis to win the war. But just as the cold, hard statistics in a football game might indicate that one team won, what counts is what’s on the scoreboard when it’s all over. It doesn’t always make sense. But in this case, thank goodness it happens.
A large percentage of those executed by the Nazis were Jews, gypsies, prisoners of war, homosexuals, Jehovah witnesses, political and religious opponents, the physically and mentally handicapped, and general outcasts from German society. Hitler had concentration camps all over Germany, as well as other Axis countries and would send people there to work and eventually be killed. Those who were too weak or unable to work, were usually just killed on the spot or immediately upon their arrival in camp. The victims were killed with all weapons imaginable, including gas chambers and mass incinerators. Some of the Nazi concentration camps included Auschwitz-Burkina, Landowska, Stutthof, and Warsaw.
Dominance in the war teetered back and forth the entire time between the Allies and the Axis. But finally, in December 1944, Germany had one last go at winning. They sent reserves into a super offensive, splitting them up to attack large portions of all the different allies. Fortunately, it did not work, and the attack was repelled, bringing about an allied victory, and ultimately, world peace; however temporary. Benito Mussolini, the Italian leader, was killed by the Italian partisans on April 28, 1945, and two days later, Adolf Hitler committed suicide. To make a long story of German surrenders short, most units surrendered on various days between April ninth and May eighth. On July eleventh, the allied leaders met in Potsdam Germany and confirmed agreements to bring peace to Germany and reiterated a demand for unconditional surrender of all Japanese forces, stating that “the alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction”. Japan continued to ignore the agreements, so in an effort to bring the war to a close without further major loss of allied lives, the decision was made to utilize the recently developed atomic bomb. And so, in early august of 1945, The United States of America dropped atomic bombs on the two Japanese cities of Nagasaki, and Hiroshima, making that the only time in history to this day, that atomic bombs have been detonated in battle. While we were doing so, the soviets defeated the Kwantung army, which was Japans primary fighting force. On August 25 1945, the surrender agreement was finalized, to be signed by the leaders involved aboard the deck of American battleship U.S.S Missouri on September 2nd, 1945, completely ending WWII.
Name: Frank Trimboli Teacher: Ms Meyers Date: 23/3/98 Should Australia involve itself in wars which do not directly affect its security? Australia has involved itself in four wars where it has suffered substantial life loss and casualty. Those wars included World War 1, World War 2, the Korean War and Vietnam. Did Australia have to involve itself in these wars? Did the lives of these young ...
WWII was the bloodiest, most heartless and world weakening war ever. Following the war, the United Nations, an organization dedicated to maintaining world peace, was formed. So far, it has encountered varying degrees of success in hostile situations around the world.
WWII changed the earth forever, putting scars on humanity and nature alike that will forever be; nothing can ever change that. One of my grandfathers survived numerous battles in the European Theater, while the other miraculously endured tortures as a prisoner of the Japanese. Thus far, the lessons learned have helped us avoid another world war. We can only hope the lessons are never forgotten. Thank you.