In the Caribbean there has been a drastic shift in the relationship between men and women. Men, who were traditionally seen to be the head of the household, now have their roles taken over by the women in Caribbean society. Due to men failing to live up to their responsibilities, especially in the economic sense, the women are forced to take advantage of education, not only to better themselves but to also prove their indispensability in the social and economic framework of the society. These newly found duties are coupled with their own traditional roles as mother, nurturers and care.
Women are now major contributors to their society. Women these days are more independent than in the past. There is a greater demand more from their lives and they now choose how they want to live. This could be a reason for the increase in divorces over the last half a century. This independence has also meant more single women. This shift in the relationship between men and women in the Caribbean could also be as a result of women’s movements where the view of the hegemonic femininity has affected the way in which most women are viewing their life and are becoming more like men.
Women were now doing male oriented subjects such as physics, technical drawing etc. , which might increase the job opportunities for these women and more women have taken advantage equal rights policies which would allow them to be treated equal to males. This paper will research how, due to educational opportunities and the development of equal rights for women, there is a radical change in the male-female relationships. In this research paper, I will try to address problems relating to my topics and seek to answer questions that would enhance the understanding of this topic.
Who is more Fortunate? Are men or women more fortunate? Physically, men may be more fortunate; for men do not give birth, do not have to deal with periods and menopause, and do not spend a long time getting prepared each morning. But what is the answer if we just look at the temperament? In relationships, men are surely less fortunate than women: men often must take risks for the relationship; ...
Such questions include: How have educational opportunities for women led to the increase of their independence and equal rights? Why there are more single parent household and why women are the head, and if this is as result of their independence. Has equal rights for women contributed to the change in the male/female relationship in the Caribbean? Has there been any improvement in the lives of the Caribbean women through education, but at the cost of deteriorating relationships between men and women in the Caribbean society?
Caribbean women have been known to be passive person and have been known to drift away from the European and traditions that were brought to the Caribbean. During the period of slavery Caribbean women worked alongside with slave men and did the same hard labour has them. Caribbean women during this period were not considered feminine, so when did all this change and how did Caribbean women become constrained to the norm of an ideal women?
This all began after slavery was abolished and the European ideas were being enposted in the Caribbean however there was a recognized shift in Caribbean women gender role from the period of rebellion. Verene Shepherd, notes that women played a essential role in the fight for freedom that lead to emancipation, she states that not only did the fight alongside with men but also they were involved in the stratifying of the rebellion (2002, pg. 171).
This shows that women are not now deciding to move from the ideal of characteristic of what a woman should or should not do but rather this has been happening for a long time.
These facts of women empowerment and support during the period of rebellion are not very often brought to light but rather they are remain hidden in order to maintain the socially constructed norm of the Caribbean society, however those norm are not their own but the norm that are distilled upon the Caribbean society that has been abide with for years until more and more women decide to uplift themselves. Caribbean women were not seen to be productive by the men and many women changed this when they became active and independent by changing what was acceptable role for a woman.
Women and Men Communicate Differently The process of neo-Liberal dogmas, such as celebration of diversity and elimination of sexism, being showed up peoples throats, brought about a situation, when employment policies correspond less and less to the objective reality of interaction between genders at workplace. Men and women are expected to execute their professional duties with the same ...
This mentality tickled down in the Caribbean society, and particularly in Jamaica. No longer are women deciding to stay at home and do house work they are educating themselves and are contributing to the income in their households. So one can say due to the development of equal rights for women as well as educational and job opportunities there has been an increase in the change of traditional roles of women in society. Now that more women are independent with their roles, more women were becoming more active and thus women’s movement occurred.
According to Robert Buddan women movement is seen as the movement to “rebalance society” and states that this might be what Portia Simpson Miller means by balancing the people’s lives (2008).
This statement place importance of women’s movement however a change will take both the social movement of both men and women to rebalance society. Men are not helping the move for balance within the society between both gender and they are also failing to live up to their masculine image of providing for their family, could this be has a result of them feeling emasculated by women.
According to Errol Miller male marginalization is men are not adequately carrying out their roles in the familial roles and has a result they are abandoning their responsibilities, (as stated in R. Buddan article, 2008).
Could it be that because men are abandoning their roles, women are left with no other choice to perform but the role of both genders? The term male marginalization has been used mostly in Caribbean context by several different scholars. In the past women were in some ways thought of as being inferior to men.
The typical lifestyle among families was for women to stay at home while men worked, and this as the acknowledged as a way of life for both parties. Although certain generalizations still exist much of this has changed, especially over last century. A hundred years ago women were thought so inferior that they were not allowed to vote. It could be that women’s right to vote has created the view of them being equal to men. The rights of women have grown significantly over since they were allowed to vote.
Different authors have different approaches to the same issue. In this paper I will contrast and compare how the authors Alexis De Tocqueville, Holly Dover, and Christina Hoff Sommers, tackle the myth of the role of women in society and what the role of women should be according to them. De Tocqueville De Tocqueville was a French aristocrat who came to America to study the American penal system. ...
Women inferiority when as far has them not being considered to be legal person, and if they got married their life would have been controlled by their husband, this however is not a common Caribbean tradition but rather a European tradition that was enposted in the Caribbean society. Due to the change in martial right that is now offered to women, more women are taking advantage of this. The old way of life was very rigid in terms of the gender roles and most people lived according to this.
Women would get married, have children and spend their lives looking after the children and doing the housework. The workplace meanwhile, was male dominated. The social institution of the family is found in all societies and represents the cherished ideas and beliefs that we have about raising children and socializing them. The young members are thus expected to carry on the traditions of the society. The Caribbean is dominated my matrifocal households, where females are both providers and nurturers.
The provisional role has been made possible through the social institution of education, which makes it possible for the females to manage their households now financially, before males were the head of the households, and the females were heavily dependent on them (J. Mohammed 2007).
Despite the fact the Caribbean society is dominated by mostly by matrifocal household, it still continue to operate has a patriarchal way, R. Buddan stated that this is an “ideology of male domination and privilege” (2008).
In a matrifocal household women have more responsibilities and they have to be providing for themselves and their family so this could the reason why they value education more than males do. Education systems evolved around British West Indian societies. During slavery formal education was limited to the whites and was kept form the enslaved. After slavery the blacks were being educated by the church. They saw education as an instrument through which their children could achieve socio economic advancement in society. As a result, there was a great demand for it in society.
Society has certain requirements which must be met if it’s to survive; hence the role of education in society is examined in terms of how it helps to meet those needs. Firstly, society needs a certain degree of social solidarity or unity. People must feel a sense of belonging to society and a sense of loyalty to the social group. Common norms and values provide this. Secondly, every society ...
However the girls were taught to do more female based subjects and the males’ technical subjects. This changed as the government implemented anti-discrimination laws banning the restriction of girls from the subjects deemed male oriented. Due to the impact of the women’s liberation, changes in the nature of work and employment and fertility females are appearing and participating in the society today (N. Mustapha 2009).
The historical background of the women has contributed in their motivation to get an education. They are aware of the struggles their ancestors went through to accomplish this.
These women have also recognized the importance of education for the survival in these economic times. In the Caribbean young men have shown a dereliction higher education. According to Verene Shepherd, in the Caribbean there is a gender gap within education and states that most males do not progress pass primary school while most females progress all the way to university (pg. 274, 2007).
This shows how women are taken more advantage of education that men and they are this using it to uplift themselves to become equal to men.
Education has greatly impacted the lives of the females as they now have equal rights and educational opportunities which have lead to the influx of women on the job market, thus influencing society. The idea of gender and education has be an issue in the Caribbean society. According to Verene Shepherd, scholars like Mark Figueroa believe that because historic privilege men have of being the dominant this has hindered their appreciation for education and their unachievable is mostly has a result of the historic privilege that is bestowed upon them (pg. 275, 2007).
Most scholars have tended to want to move from the explanation of male marginalization as to the reason why men are not achieving and are seeking out other explanation. Could it be that men are afraid to accept their failure because women are excelling above them? It is become a very controversial question when it comes to education and gender because one might say that each scholar has their own personal bias as to the reason there is a shift in the gender roles in the Caribbean. Barbara Bailey states that it is the kind of education that is taught to children that has helped to emphasize male privilege and women’s subordination (pg.
Men are From Mars, Women are from venus, gender differences in communication "MEN ARE FROM MARS, WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN COMMUNICATION" Men and women typically use different discourse strategies in communication, and, in general, women's linguistic behavior is disadvantageous compared to men's. This paper will attempt to demonstrate this fact, through the many stereotypes ...
Education has been a way for social mobility for various people and it had influenced the way in which society’s beliefs are shaped. The roles of women have not remained the same for women over the century, as the society evolves so have the life’s of women. Women are mostly thought of when it comes to the family, Powell stated according to Brody the life of Jamaican women is like “an imprisoned system in which the habits and belief keeps reproducing themselves” (pg. 102, 1984).
This statement is implying the life of women don’t change but rather the are repeated over and over in society, this cycle has however changed when more women decided to abandon their traditional roles. The change in gender role in the Caribbean is not limited to women moving from their traditional role but also men. The novel Cereus Blooms at Night, gives a good illustration of this; the novel introduced use to gender role change, we Tyler a guy worked as nurse. In the Caribbean such position was typically associated to women and for a man to do it means that he too has moved away from his traditional hegemonic role.
This shows a betrayal of one’s gender because this individual is going against the norm of what a man should or should not do. The poem by Ramkissoon- Chen talks about how a women is moving from her traditional roles when she sings the calypso song, this poem shows that not only Caribbean women want to move from their traditional roles but also other women of other culture. This idea is reinforced with Patricia Mohammad article, where she states that Indian women are taking advantage of their education and are changing their social status (pg. 391, 1988).
This article shows that all women regardless of culture, race or ethnic group desire to move from the traditional roles that all women seen to be branded with. In the society women have continued to be seen inferior to men, regardless of the shift they make in their gender roles. In the film Darker Side of Black Lord Jamar a musician stated that women should live according to their nature. Who decide what a women’s nature is? This statement is implying the belief of the Caribbean that women should be confined to the private sphere and perform their traditional roles.
A womans role is primarily that of a wife and a mother do you agree? The big debate about a womans role, and place in the society has been going on for a long time, and is still continuing. Women have been fighting to be able to stand on the same podium as men for over decades of years. However, I do agree with the given statement that the primary role of women in the society is to be a wife and a ...
Powell also brought up a similar idea in his article, when he states women “natural prerogative” (pg. 97, 1984).
The idea of natural or nature has to do with the social norms that are assigned to gender in the Caribbean. We also see in the film women who have moved from the private sphere and have become passive member of the public sphere, and this shift of women from the private sphere to the public sphere was done mostly through education. Based on lecture notes by Maxine Wood, “Caribbean women have never really stayed in their allotted ‘place’ and never confined to the domestic sphere”.
This idea has become more and more widespread in the Caribbean and it has been recognized in all different sectors in the Caribbean. It can be concluded that with the educational opportunities that are being offered to women is the major contributor to why the gender role on the Caribbean has shifted, this shift is not current however it is now being recognized in the Caribbean society. It can also be concluded that the educational opportunities offered to women have bettered their life despite the fact that their success in the public sphere is viewed as a betrayal of their gender.