EQ AND IQ THE REALITY
For decades, a lot of emphasis has been put on certain aspects of intelligence such as logical reasoning, math skills, spatial skills, understanding analogies, verbal skills etc. Researchers were puzzled by the fact that while IQ could predict to a significant degree the academic performance and, to some degree, professional and personal success, there was something missing in the equation. Some of those with fabulous IQ scores were doing poorly in life; one could say that they were wasting their potential by thinking, behaving and communicating in a way that hindered their chances to succeed. One of the major missing parts in the success equation is emotional intelligence, a concept made popular by the groundbreaking book by Daniel Goleman, which is based on years of research by numerous scientists such as Peter Salovey, John Meyer, Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg and Jack Block, just to name a few. For various reasons and thanks to a wide range of abilities, people with emotional intelligence High Make Traits">high emotional intelligence tend to be more successful in life than those with lower EIQ even if their classical IQ is average.
Emotional Intelligence refers to the ability to sense, understand, value and effectively apply the power and acumen of emotions as a source of human energy, information, trust, creativity and influence (Goleman, 1995 ).
... problem solving and scientific method), naturalistic intelligence (ability to identify and classify patterns in nature),and emotional intelligence (skills that underlie the accurate assessment, evaluation, ...
The term Emotional Intelligence was first coined by Peter Salovey of Yale University and John Mayer of the University of New Hampshire in 1990. They described Emotional Intelligence as a form of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor oneâ€™s own and others feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use this information to guide ones thinking and action ( Salovey and Mayer, 1990 ).
Though the concept was given in 1990, yet it become popular with a New York Times best seller â€˜ Emotional Intelligence : Why it can matter more than IQ â€™ in 1995 by Daniel Goleman, a PhD from Harvard University and former editor of Psychology Today
Attributes of Emotional Intelligence
Salovey (1990) offered a framework for Emotional Intelligence through the five personal intelligence characteristics. These characteristics are :
Self-awareness means recognizing a feeling as it happens. It is the core stone of Emotional Intelligence. The ability to monitor feelings from moment to moment is crucial to psychological insight and self-understanding. An inability to notice our true feelings leaves us at their mercy. People with greater certainty about their feelings are better pilots of their lives, having a surer sense of how they really feel about personal decisions from whom to marry to what job to take. This is not an easy skill as emotions often appear in disguise. Yet, for all its complexity, self-awareness is the most crucial skill ( Goleman, 1995 ).
Self-regulation means the ability to manage ones emotions and impulses. An emotionally self-regulated person can be easily recognized with the following traits a propensity for reflections and thoughtfulness ; comfort with ambiguity and change ; and integrity and ability to say no to impulsive urges.
Self-regulation has been found to be important for success. A study of store managers in a retail chain found that the ability to handle stress predicted net profits, sales per square foot, sales per employee, and per dollar of inventory investment (Lusch & Serpkenci, 1990)
Marshalling emotions in the service of a goal is essential for paying attention, for self-motivation and mastery, and for creativity.
... better or for worse, intelligence can come to nothing when the emotions hold sway.' Among Goleman's skills is his ability to move easily between ... kinds of bosses whom people hate.' As a practical matter, the Goleman-Boyatzis-Hay approach has focused less on training emotional intelligence than on addressing ...
Emotional self-control delaying gratification and stifling impulsiveness underlies accomplishments of every sort. And being able to get into flow state enables outstanding performance of all kinds. People who have this skill tend to be highly productive and effective in whatever they
Empathy is the fundamental people skill that builds on emotional self-awareness. It means to recognize emotions in others. It is very important today because the world is getting too self-centred, people are getting increasingly attracted towards a materialistic way of life, and the common bonds of friendship and love in the society or family are tottering. Anyone who wants to lead a successful team must possess this valuable trait. According to Goleman (1995 ), People who are empathetic are more attuned to the subtle social signals that indicate what others need or want. This makes them better at callings such as the caring professions, teaching, sales and management.
Social skill ( or handling relationships ) :
The art of relationship is, in large parts, skill in managing emotions in others. These are the abilities that undergrad popularity, leadership, and interpersonal effectiveness. People who excel in these skills do well at anything that relies on interacting smoothly with others ; they are social stars ( Goleman, 1995 ).
IQ and EQ : The Reality
IQ by itself is not a very good predictor of job performance. Hunter and Hunter (1984) estimated that at best IQ accounts for about 25 percent of the variance. Sternberg (1996) has pointed out that studies vary and that 10 percent may be a more realistic estimate. In some studies, IQ accounts for as little as 4 percent of the variance.
An example of this research on the limits of IQ as a predictor is the Sommerville study, a 40 year longitudinal investigation of 450 boys who grew up in Sommerville, Massachusetts. Two-thirds of the boys were from welfare families, and one-third had IQs below 90. However, IQ had little relation to how well they did at work or in the rest of their lives. What made the biggest difference was childhood abilities such as being able to handle frustration, control emotions, and get along with other people (Snarey & Vaillant, 1985) .
The book Practicing Our Faith: a Way of Life for a Searching People is about addressing the need for sharing the fundamental needs of man to establish faithful and honorable Christian way of life. It explores twelve central Christian practices contributed together by thirteen individuals coming from diverse denominational and ethnic backgrounds. Specifically this book provides significance to ...
Another good example is a study of 80 Ph.Ds in science who underwent a battery of personality tests, IQ tests, and interviews in the 1950s when they were graduate students at Berkeley. Forty years later, when they were in their early seventies, they were tracked down and estimates were made of their success based on resumes, evaluations by experts in their own fields, and sources like American Men and Women of Science. It turned out that social and emotional abilities were four times more important than IQ in determining professional success and prestige (Feist & Barron, 1996).
It would be absurd to suggest that cognitive ability is irrelevant for success in science. One needs a relatively high level of such ability merely to get admitted to a graduate science program at an institute like Indian Institute of Technology. Once you are admitted, however, what matters in terms of how you do compared to your peers has less to do with IQ differences and more to do with social and emotional factors. To put it another way, if you re a scientist, you probably needed an IQ of 120 or so simply to get a doctorate and a job. But then it is more important to be able to persist in the face of difficulty and to get along well with colleagues and subordinates than it is to have an extra 10 or 15 points of IQ. The same is true in many other occupations.
The top 5 reasons why your EQ determines your success in life
Conventional wisdom has it that there is a direct connection between our IQ and our ability to succeed in life. In school, we are ranked by our GPA. At certain points in grade school, students are given standardized test that ranks them with other students around the country. Schools are obsessed with how their students rank compared with others. A requirement for most colleges is a satisfactory score on the SAT or ACT exam. These tests are basic IQ test, designed to test our math and reading comprehension.
But there have been many studies that show IQ only accounts for about 20% of our success. The major attributes of success are our social and emotional intelligence. Yet there is very little emphasis put on emotional intelligence. Only a handful of schools have any formal programs that address emotional intelligence.
In his book Emotional Intelligence, Daniel Goleman says, “People with well-developed emotional skills are also more likely to be content and effective in their lives, mastering the habits of the mind that foster their own productivity; people who cannot marshal some control over their emotional life fight battles that sabotage their ability for focused work and clear thought.”
The most important thing in my life is thought to be happiness. In order to achieve success you must adjust to very situation with ease. Success is it the process of doing a task and receiving a positive result, or is it simply achieving one’s own personal goals. According to The American Heritage dictionary success is, “the achievement of something desired, planned, or attempt”. The word success ...
We have an emotional mind and a rational mind. In large part, our emotional mind developed to help us survive. When man first wandered the earth anytime he encountered some new experience, he needed to make instant decisions about whether the encounter involved something that he could eat or something that might try and eat him. To rely on the rational mind, which works much slower than the emotional mind, might have meant the end of mankind. The emotional mind springs into action much quicker than the rational mind. But unless we learn to control the emotional mind, we will make lots of bad decisions and poor choices.
Our emotional intelligence has such a large impact on our success in life, it is important that we fully develop our emotional skills. Here are the top five reasons why your emotional intelligence determines your success in life.
1. Overall impact on success.
It has been said that your IQ can land you a job but your lack of EQ can get you fired. Your IQ only accounts for 20% of your success in life. Your emotional intelligence and social intelligence are much greater determinants of the success you will achieve in life.
2. Delayed gratification.
Delayed gratification is the top predictor of future success. People who are able to pay the price today and delay the rewards are much more likely to succeed in life. Unfortunately we have become a nation seeking instant gratification. This shows up in our everyday lives in the foods we choose to eat, the buy now pay later way of life, our inability to follow an exercise regime and putting mindless entertainment ahead of self-development.
3. Our relationships with others
Our emotional skills have a direct and important bearing on our relationships with others. We need to understand our feelings, where they come from and how to properly express them. We will not maintain healthy relationships unless we can control our emotions, communicate our feelings in a constructive manner and understand the feelings of others.
Nowadays people say that we have stepped into “The Information Age”, therefore computer skills are one of the most important skills in today's society. Being able to operate a computer is an advanced technique and can increase one's work efficiency and simplify many works. Using a computer can help people do many complex works. You can calculate a very complex arithmetic problem. Many arithmetic ...
4. Impact on our health
There is a direct connection between our emotional health and our physical health. If our lives are filled with stress, our physical health suffers. It has been estimated that well over 80% of our health problems are stress related. We experience stress primarily because we are not comfortable emotionally. We need to understand the link between our emotional health and our physical health.
5. The connection between poor EQ and rising crime
Unfortunately there is a direct connection between poor emotional skills and the rising crime rate. Children who have poor emotional skills become social outcast at a very young age. They might be the class bully because of a hot temper. They have learned to react with their fist rather than reason. Poor social and emotional skills contribute to poor attention in class and feelings of frustration. They rapidly fall behind and make friends with others in the same boat. There is a direct path to crime that starts early in life. While there is no doubt that family and environment are great contributors, the common thread is poor emotional and social skills. The direct result of poor training in emotional skills.
This is one case where an ounce of prevention would certainly be worth a pound of cure. The cost of intervention when a child is in grade school is minor compared to the cost to jail them in their teens and twenties.
So how do we develop emotional intelligence?
We need to know our emotions. We need to develop self-awareness – to be able to recognize feelings as they happen.
We must learn how to manage our emotions. Unless we learn to manage our emotions we will constantly be battling feelings of gloom and distress.
We must learn to motivate ourselves. Learn to emotional self-control – to delay gratification.
If we are to succeed in life, we need to learn to recognize emotions in others. We need to develop empathy. We need to be attuned to what others want or need.
And we need to develop our emotional intelligence so we are capable of healthy relationships.
What’s more important EQ or IQ?
In many countries, especially the United States, behaviors leading to poor health start early in life. The three “leading causes of preventable death in the United States are smoking, obesity, and alcohol abuse” (Science Daily, 2006). Along with these problems, “a lack of exercise, drug abuse, and sexually transmitted diseases were prominent in young adults” (Science Daily, 2006). Some reasons for ...
Q: I’ve been reading a lot about emotional intelligence. The pros and cons. In your opinion what’s more important EQ or IQ?
A: Eight years ago, when I first started devouring everything I could get my hands on about Emotional Intelligence, I was convinced that EQ was far more important than IQ. I’ve even written an article or two that vehemently argues the point.
But now- hundreds of books, psychology journals, articles and research papers later- I’m careful about making claims that EQ totally crushes IQ. Here’s why.
Think about your car. What’s the most important part of your car? If you’re like most people, you said the engine or the transmission.
To that I respond, “What about the tires?” I’m not suggesting that the tires are of comparable significance to the engine but let’s take the following example into consideration.
There was a race between a guy with a brand new Maybach (a ridiculously expensive car) without tires and a guy with a hooptie (Translation: old beat up car) with brand new tires.
Million Dollar Question: Who do you think won the race?
See, if a person’s IQ isn’t a certain level (estimated to be around 90) then high EQ wouldn’t even matter because it’s highly unlikely that a person would have the wherewithal to use it effectively. Think about that.
As you advance in an organization, EQ plays an increasingly important in factor. But in most cases you would also need an MBA or higher, right? According to statistics you need an IQ of 100-120 to earn an advanced degree.
In relationships, EQ has a huge impact on whether or not the relationship will be a mutually beneficial one. But who wants to marry someone with the intellect of a gnat?
In a high school student’s AP physics class one would think that IQ would be more important. But research overwhelmingly proves the opposite to be true. You probably already know, that test anxiety is the cause of many poor performances come test day.
Students with the ability to manage the emotions that accompany the extreme pressure and stressfulness of a final exam fare far better than students with equal or slightly better IQ’s who lack the ability to govern test-time emotions.
The key phrase here is “with equal or slightly better IQ’s”. A student with a significantly lower IQ wouldn’t even make it into AP physics.Whether they are aware of it or not, for the vast majority of people the level of their emotional mastery will have an equal or even more significant impact than IQ on their level of achievement and sense of fulfillment in life. However…
This does not diminish the importance of IQ in any shape, form, or fashion; it simply augments the importance of emotional intelligence and all of the other soft skills.