Project Part 3
November 11, 2010
Potable Water Shortages around the World
In my research paper, I will be investigating the issue of potable water shortages around the world. Many areas of the world are suffering from a water crisis and it’s not just dry arid, developing countries that are suffering. The Western US is particularly vulnerable and its water crisis is getting more severe by the day. It is estimated that one fifth of the world’s population does not have access to safe drinking water, and that this proportion will increase due to population growth relative to water resources. The worst affected areas are the arid and semiarid regions of Asia and North Africa. Wars over access to water, not simply energy and mineral resources, are conceivable.
Water scarcity is a global problem that affects over a billion people a year. According to the U.S. Department of State, 1.1 billion people lack safe drinking water and 2.4 billion lack access to basic sanitation. According to U.S. Department of State Chairman Hyde, and others, state that this problem is basically in the Middle East. We should take action in this topic, because 3-5 million people die each year due to drinking unsafe water. Most of these deaths are children under five years old. I know this is a problem that does not affect us directly, but how would you feel if this took place right here, and our generations of children were dying. We should take action as soon as possible, by sending drinking water and relief money to the Middle East for water purification processes. By doing so, we can save lives and help their way of life. They can use donated money to build a water plant and proper sanitation sites.
... same issues and concerns for the future of fresh drinking water in the year 2025. His opinion confirmed my assumptions as too the ... . According to World Watch, the population is expected to reach between 7. 9 and 9. 1 billion people by the year 2025.As ... an estimated 400 million people through the use of family planning programs. In many parts of the world, water problems are today more ...
The current method of desalination of water in the United States is primarily the coal plant method. The problem with desalination using coal burning plants is that it is very energy intensive. Most desalination today uses fossil fuels, contributing to carbon emissions.
The scope of my problem is an environmental issue because water is so important that, as a population grows and demand increases, there is a strong chance of conflict in the future. I will be focusing on how to implement a plan to generate more potable water to meet the demands of future use and needs of society. In fact, many of the nations that are predicted to have the strongest growth in population over the next years are the areas where the water crisis is most acute.
The basic attraction of nuclear energy has been its low fuel costs compared with coal, oil and gas-fired plants. Uranium, however, has to be processed, enriched and fabricated into fuel elements, and about half of the cost is due to enrichment and fabrication. In the assessment of the economics of nuclear power allowances must also be made for the management of radioactive used fuel and the ultimate disposal of this used fuel or the wastes separated from it. But even with these included the total fuel costs of a nuclear power plant typically are about a third of those for a coal fired plant and between a quarter and a fifth of those for a gas combined cycle plant.
The cost for the enrichment process
Uranium: | 8.9 kg U3O8 x $115.50 | US$ 1028 |
Conversion: | 7.5 kg U x $12 | US$ 90 |
Enrichment: | 7.3 SWU x $164 | US$ 1197
... coal or oil. These reactors are especially built by them generate and manage nuclear energy. Fission of uranium inside the nuclear plant is its fuel ... ground water contamination and so forth. 20%of the electricity in US is from nuclear plant that uses low-enriched uranium fuel and ... refining it to get uranium is simply to boil the water to compel the steam turbines. However the geothermal power is ...
Fuel fabrication: | per kg | US$ 240 |
Total, approx: | | US$ 2555 |
Nuclear reactors can be used to generate electricity and also they can be used to desalinate water. That is the solution!
Here is a method of water purification that has been around for generations however, this method does not purify water fast enough to support a large population of people.
This is a good starting point however, we need to implement nuclear reactors that can be used to generate electricity and also they can also be used to desalinate water as I stated earlier.
Spend existing bond funds first to provide safe drinking water to communities in need. Develop public health standards to increase the amount of water that can safely be recycled and reused. Adopt and enforce updated flow and water quality standards for the state’s major waterways. Implement water-neutral developments to enhance regional self-sufficiency.
I hate to say but, we need to tax the people and use the taxes to implement plans to incorporate nuclear facilities to desalinate water for future generations. Incorporate training in schools and businesses on how to conserve our precious resources such as water and continue forward with building nuclear plants to solve our potable water shortage.