Communism and Socialism are two political systems that are focused on the treatment and equality of all members of the society. These terms are often used conversely, seeing as Communism was brought about from socialist ideas. Both systems believe in controlling capitalistic oppression and take control of the economy. However, there are very important differences between them. The differences lie in how they fight oppression and how much control is necessary to realize their goal.
Communism and Socialism both believe that Capitalism abuses the common people and results in an unfair monopoly of property, wealth and privileges. Both political systems believe a new focus on society would replace the selfish drive of Capitalism. Be that as it may, Socialists see change coming through a gradual adjustment brought on by social change. Communists believe that the people should rise up against the oppressors and demand a total renovation right away. They believe that Socialism is merely the first step in moving from a capitalistic to communistic society. Once the socialistic changes take hold and the common people are strengthened, they will realize total equality necessitates more control.
The level of control for each of these political systems varies. Socialism, being more economically driven, believes in government, and collective control of all ways of production and distribution of goods. Private property, excess wealth, and unfair poverty would be abolished. These changes should bring about equality and cooperation. Communism believes it is the government’s responsibility to basically annihilate an upper class. This can only be accomplished by complete government control over everything. Communism, unlike Socialism, believes there should be no private property at all and all rights of citizens are equal throughout. They also call for government control of all communication, transportation, factories, agriculture, labor and education. This extreme authority and regulation of all areas of society will guarantee protection from injustice.
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Economically, both socialism and communism struggled. The capitalistic system of a competitive free market they fight against fails to be. The energy spent controlling every aspect of the economy slows down the economy all together. Communism, especially, has historically failed because of the weight of the control. The government involvement in every detail results in a slow, bothersome system, which fails to meet the needs of their people. Demands for unrealistic quotas lead to low quality production. The inaccuracy of supply and demand, combined with low quality products weakens the economic position the countries hold both globally and at home. The slow, poorly planned economic structure of both Socialism and Communism fail to meet the needs of the people. This shows the breakdown between their ideas and their actual accomplishments.
The inevitability of these two systems failing was great. History showed another tale. The rise of Communism in China is largely due to a man named Mao Zedong. He was the leader who took over in the time of chaos. These times of chaos and despair played a large role in acceptance of Mao’s teachings. He had the support of roughly 85 percent of the nation. Mao started a society to study Marxism, and quickly converted to a communist party. He led the communist party in a battle against nationalists and won solidifying communism in China to this day. Like China, the USSR started its study of a system with Marxism. Unlike China, they took it in another direction and went into a socialist government. The Soviet Union flourished shortly until the Russian Revolution demolished the USSR all together and Socialism was deemed extinct, to the most part.
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Both Socialism and Communism are based on strong ideals, but often fail to have strong results. Their plans for fairness and plenty for all people have not always been successful. Socialism and Communism are equally focused on protecting the common man. The methods they both use to end the oppression and increase equality are what seem to keep them from successfully realizing the ideals they anticipate.