Specific ethical considerations and practical issues that I will need to consider in planning my research design.
According to research (Gillespie, n.d.), there are three areas of risks involved in social research. First, my participants could be harmed as a result of their involvement in the study. The potential harm could include death or injury, stress, guilt, reduction in self-respect or self-esteem, unfair treatment, withheld benefits, and minor discomfort. Second, professional relationships and the knowledge base could be damaged. These risks could include falsification of data, plagiarism, abuse of confidentiality, and deliberate violation of regulations. Third, problems could result for the community or the society. Societal risks may involve the effect of cultural values and beliefs on the knowledge produced and the impact of that knowledge on society.
Gillespie also reports that research could harm special populations such as religious groups, racial or ethnic minorities, and individuals considered deviant. The data could create or reinforce the conditions of victimization or scapegoating. This is why individual researchers, professional associations, and the government have taken steps to minimize the risks encountered in research. Most of the effects are focused on protecting the participants.
In order to protect the participants in my study of, I would include informed consent for my participants. This is to make them aware of the design and procedures with enough details to exercise a rational decision to participate. The informed consent would also include the knowledge that participation is voluntary and my participants could withdraw from the study at any time ((Leedy & Ormrod, 2001).
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I would also screen my participants ahead of time before choosing, because this would provide me with the opportunity to select individuals for my study that showed a high tolerance for potential risks that may be involved (Gillespie, n.d.).
As a researcher, I realize that I must keep the nature and quality of my participant’s performance strictly confidential, thus as suggested by (Leedy & Ormrod, 2001), I would give each participant a code number and label along with written documents with that number rather than the participants name. In case a particular participant’s behavior is described in depth in my study such as it is in the phenomenological inquiry, my participant will be given a pseudonym to assure anonymity.
It is also important to be honesty with my professional colleagues. This is done by reporting my findings in a complete and honest fashion, without misrepresenting what I have done, or intentionally misleading others as to the nature of my findings. Under no circumstances, should I ever fabricate my data in order to support a particular conclusion, no matter how important that conclusion may be.
There are many ethical questions and dilemmas that psychologists encounter in their everyday practice, research, and teaching. As for the most, psychologists enter their perspective fields with a desire to promote human welfare, and directly or indirectly serve others, but unfortunately, it doesn’t always work out that way, therefore individual researchers, professional associations, and the government has taken these steps to minimize the risks encountered in research (Koocher & Keith-Spiegel, 1998).
This is why the ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct is so important in research.
Regardless, of my training specialty, or work setting, I know that ethical dilemmas will arise, causing me to have to make action decisions. By being aware of the ethical standards of my profession, and by revealing how they may apply to a specific situation, hopefully, I will be able to make the right decision.
... avoiding certain goods or companies, understanding ethical choices becomes an important focus for researching as consumers. Ethical consumerism relates to economic globalization the dimensions ... way to do further research on the boycotted company’s and more information on the products.28 Ethical products are fair trade ...
Gillespie, D. F. (n.d., n.d.).
Ethical issues in research.. Retrieved November 24, 2008, from http://www.uncp.edu/home/marson/ethical_issues.html
Koocher, G. P., & Keith-Spiegel, P. (1998).
Ethics in psychology: Professional standards and cases (2nd ed.).
New York: Oxford University Press.
Leedy, P. D., & Ormrod, J. E. (2001).
Practical research: Planning and design (7th ed.).
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.