“Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome” (SARS) is a mysterious atypical pneumonia disease due to one or more viruses that started in Southeast Asia in February 2003. (1) SARS appears to be a respiratory disease, spread by a corona virus. (3) It is believed that the virus jumped from animals to humans in southern China. SARS has also affected many other countries including North America and parts of Europe.
(1) Many people have already died from SARS. As of April 21, 2003, there have been more than 4, 000 cases of SARS and 217 deaths reported worldwide. The “Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” (CDC) and the “World Health Organization” (WHO) are taking the matters into their own investigations. (2) The symptoms of SARS begins with a slight fever greater than 100. 4^0 F and my include headache, shortness of breath, low blood oxygen level and sore throat. Other possible symptoms include loss of appetite, confusion, rash, and diarrhea.
After two to seven days, SARS patients may develop a dry cough and have trouble breathing. Symptoms of SARS, is less severe towards younger teens and children. They appear to suffer milder symptoms than adults and older teenagers and they may also be less infectious to other people. (1) In a study conducted by Professor Tai Fai Fok of the Department of Pediatrics at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Fok studied the first ten children who received treatment for SARS during the early phase of the epidemic there. The young teens, age’s betweens 13-16, had symptoms similar to the adult cases, with muscle aches, headaches, chills, and respiratory distress. Cases with the children ages range between 18 months and seven years of age suffered the typical SARS symptoms of fever, coughs and runny nose.
The scenario upon which this paper is based relates to the British Airways Swipe Card Debacle case study from the textbook, Managing Organizational Change: A Multiple Perspective Approach (Akin, Dunford, & Palmer, 2009). The purpose of this paper is to analyze and discuss the organizational change associated to the implementation of a new swipe card system that led to strike of over 250 ...
(9) SARS is very contagious disease that spreads from one person to another, like a common cold. Most SARS cases have involved family members or people that are caring for the patient that are carrying the disease, or have had direct contact with infectious materials. A potential way in which SARS can be spread, include touching the skin of other people or objects that are contaminated with infectious droplets and then touching one’s eyes, nose, or mouth. This can happen when someone who is sick with SARS coughs or sneezes onto themselves, other people, or nearby surfaces. It is also possible that SARS can be spread more broadly through the air or by other ways that are currently not known. (4) There is also information concerning that SARS may remain on hands and surfaces for several hours.
Recommendations by the “Food and Drug Administration” (FDA) states that strict hand-hygiene be enforced among food handlers and within the food processing industry. (8) Also, as with any contagious disease, proper hand washing is an important step everyone can take to reduce the spread of sickness. Wash your hands often with soap and hot water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if water is not available after using the restroom and after sneezing or coughing. In addition, food workers should not handle ready-to-eat foods, such as sandwiches, vegetables and cut fruits, with bare hands, but should use gloves or utensils for an extra level of protection. (8) “public health Officials” (PHO) have created many strategies to contain the spread of SARS. (5) The two main strategies are isolation and quarantine.
To control exposure to infected or potentially infected individuals both are common practices in public places. Isolation and quarantine may be undertaken voluntarily or forced by public health authorities. The two strategies differ in that isolation applies to people who are known to have a disease and quarantine applies to those who have been exposed to a disease, but who may or may not become infected. (1) So far, only one country has contained SARS. On April 28, 2003, the WHO declared Vietnam the first country to contain a SARS outbreak within its borders. The WHO officially removed Vietnam from its list of countries affected by SARS after 20 consecutive days passed without a new reported case of the mysterious disease.
What is Tuberculosis, and how serious is this problem? TB, or Tuberculosis, is a chronic or acute contagious disease caused by a bacterial infection. TB is the leading cause of death from a single infectious disease, accounting for over a quarter of avoidable deaths among adults. It can affect several organs of the human body, including the brain, the kidneys and the bones, but it predominately ...
At the peak of Vietnam’s SARS outbreak, more than 63 cases of SARS were reported, including five deaths. (3) Most of the U. S. cases of SARS have occurred among travelers returning to the United States from other parts of the world affected by SARS. There have been very few cases as a result of spread due to close contacts such as family members and health care workers.
As of May 7, a total of 328 SARS cases in the United States have been reported from 38 states, although no SARS-related deaths have been reported in the United States. (6) SARS has affected many people and has also affected the global economy as well. For instance, it has made a huge impact on air travel, hotel industries, and many foreign businesses. The SARS outbreak has had a greater impact on tourism in countries like Singapore, Taiwan, Canada, and China. The CDC has been working closely with WHO and other partners to investigate cases of SARS in these countries. (4) The specific diagnose and evaluation for suspected SARS patients should include chest radiograph, pulse oximetry, blood cultures, sputum Gram’s stain and culture, testing for viral respiratory pathogens, notably influenza A and B, and respiratory syncytial virus.
China says antibody offers a way to diagnose SARS. China has received encouraging results from a potential test for SARS that uses antibodies to diagnose the disease. The test looks for an antibody known as IgG, which the body produces in response to the virus that causes SARS. (10) Not much information is currently available on treatment for SARS. The WHO states that a cure may take some time. People with suspected SARS will be treated with medications that are effective against the diseases that cause similar symptoms.
SARS can also be prevented by not traveling to places where there are known cases. (4) Also, prevent close contact with someone who is known or suspected to have SARS. (8) Due to the new nature of the disease, there is no vaccination to protect people from SARS. One of the major problems with SARS is that so much remains unknown. An important fact to remember is that all harmful viruses thrive in an acidic and low oxygen environment. Viruses also thrive in a body that has a weakened immune system, one that is dehydrated, malnourished and toxic, so be prepared for SARS and keep the immune system healthy.
In 2001, 5 million people around the world were infected with HIV. By the end of 2001, there were 3 million AIDS deaths. There are currently estimated to be 50 million people living with HIV/AIDS, with 25 million lives lost by the effects of the infection. This epidemic is shattering, crippling and a very serious problem to the world. It has taken a massive number of lives, and is set to take ...
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