Capital punishment also known as death penalty is the punishment of death which is generally awarded to those guilty of heinous crimes, particularly murder and child rape. At first, capital punishment was applied all over the world beginning in the 18th century. The traditional way of awarding this punishment is “hanging by the neck” till the death of the criminal but there are other methods such as shooting, electric chair, lethal gas and so on. However, in recent months it has been an issue in whether the death penalty should or should not be abolished.
First of all, prison are not hard enough on their inmates. Prisoners that are held while their crimes are being investigated are treated too nicely. This could take days, months, even years. These persons are allowed to watch television o attend school in case they are released later.
Also, almost everyone in the world fear death and think about it almost every day of their life and could do anything to prevent it or stay away from what can cause it. When people are aware that they will be punished with death if they commit a crime such as murder, their fear of death will discourage them from committing crimes.
Some people would argue that death penalty is murder so we would in fact only be repeating the crime. However, to others, death penalty isn’t murder, it is society’s self-defense. These persons would say: “Is it wrong for a police officer to speed in order to catch a speeder? Some cases require the offense to be repeated in order for justice to be served. Furthermore, if someone walks up to a person and punches him, then gets punched in return…you do not have two cases of assault.”, or “Life is our most precious possession. This is exactly what Capital punishment teaches. Capital punishment let all murderers know that they will have to abandon their lives if they take the life of someone else.”
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Despite all the pros of capital punishment, there are also a lot of reasons why this kind of punishment should be completely abolished. Some of these reasons are:
Every human being is entitled to receive a second chance in life whatever crime he or she did as nobody is perfect. Putting a convict behind bars is always a logical option than killing him, as there is a chance that he may improve. People who have served life sentences are reported to have improved their earlier ways of living and have made worthwhile contribution to the society.
There is also a chance that an individual is innocent and is wrongly charged for a crime he has never committed. There have been cases where people were released after being given death sentence, because they were proved to be innocents. There are also cases where a person’s innocence was proved after he was put to death. Hence, it is best to avoid executing a person.
Additionally, of all the murders that occur each year, only 21% result in death sentences. Which 21% depends largely on the effectiveness of the attorney, and this often depends on the ability to pay. The death penalty affects the poorer segments of society and racial minorities excessively, in part because they are unable to afford the costs of good legal support. It is rare to see rich people sentence to death.
Personally, I think that Capital punishment should be completely abolished. I think that one does not have the right to kill another person whether to commit a crime or to bring justice as only God have the right to take one’s life. Furthermore I think that instead of sentencing criminal to horrible death, we could simply imprison the criminal to a life sentence as life spent in prison is a worse punishment than an execution.
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