Because of the process called germination, matured seeds can be able to sprout. Germinating seeds absorbs great amount of water. This water initiates different chemical processes that will occur inside the seed. This is also the reason why the seeds’ internal tissues swell, causing the seed coat to break. Seeds have a high respiration rate, thus need ample but sufficient amountamount of oxygen. Respiration allows the germinating seed to break down food and convert it to energy essential for growth. Germination varies its complimentary temperature. Though, a lot of seeds want low temperature when it will germinate.
In general, germination requires abundant water, ample amount of oxygen and suitable temperature depending on the type of seed (World Book Encyclopedia, 1997).
There are two kinds of germination: hypogeal and epigeal germination. For hypogeal germination, the epicotyl elongates leaving the cotyledon under ground while for epigeal germination, the hypocotyl is the one that gets longer and pushes through the soil (Roberts and King , 1987).
However, there are times when viable seeds fail to germinate even at favorable conditions of moisture and temperature. This is called seed dormancy.
Through ages, there are seeds having a hard coat that do not let them absorb water they need for germination. Although, there have been a lot of methods that enables the coats permeable (The Encyclopedia Americana,1976).
First recognized as a chemical compound in 1818, hydrogen peroxide is a clear, colorless liquid most often used for cleaning or disinfecting(Britannica, 2013). Since pure hydrogen peroxide is unstable, it is found in stores as an aqueous solution. The chemical formula for hydrogen peroxide is H? O? which means there are two hydrogen atoms and two oxygen atoms in the compound(Liebeskind, 2013). ...
Some methods used to break dormancy are scarification, temperature treatments, light treatments and treatments with regulators and chemicals. Scarification destroys the hardness of the coat physically or chemically. For temperature treatments, seed can be either be placed to low temperature ( 0 – 5OC), 40 – 50OC or be soaked at 80OC temperate water.
Some seeds cannot germinate in the absence of light, thus it should be treated with spontaneous exposition of light. Moreover, for an endogenous dormancy, it must be treated with little amount of growth regulators (My Agricultural Information Bank, 2011).
This study was conducted last February 26, 2013, observed until March 5, 2013 at the University of the Philippines Los Banos, Agronomy Building, Crop Science Cluster Room 138. The study aimed to determine the germination pattern of dicot and monocot seedling, break dormancy of ipil-ipil seeds (Leucaenaleucocephala L. and study the storage of orthodox seeds and recalcitrant seeds.
The specific objectives were to determine and compare the germination pattern of a dicot and monocot seed corresponding to hypogeal and epigeal germination, determine the efficiency of mechanical scarification- through rubbing on sandpaper and clipping with respect to breaking dormancy of LeucaenaleucocephalaL. seeds, and effect of initial moisture content on the storability of rice seeds and determine the storability of recalcitrant seeds.
In seed germination, a dicot and a monocot seed were chosen to represent seeds exhibiting epigeal and hypogeal germination, respectively. Fifty seeds were germinated in moist filter paper inside a container. For one week, the germination pattern were observed everyday and an illustration of day-to-day observations was then plotted. Roots and shoots length (cm) were also obtained for each day. The average length of five seedlings were then computed and indicated in a table. In breaking dormancy of Leucaena leucocephala (ipil-ipil) seeds different treatments were used. Eighty seedlots of ipil-ipil were divided into four equal portions.
7 TH Form Biology Plant Investigation Contents 1. Abstract 2. Background Information 3. Aim/Hypothesis/Variables 4. Method 6. Results 7. Graphs 9. Conclusion Background Information Lettuce 'Lactuca sativa Continental Looseleaf Frisby' How to grow Lettuce Lettuce is fast growing and is one of the few vegetables that can grow almost all year round. Lettuces can rarely be over watered. Sometimes the ...
Each treatment has ten seeds and replicated two times. In the first treatment, seeds were rubbed on a sand paper. In the second treatment clipping was done by using a nail cutter to remove the part of the seed coat. Third treatment was done by soaking the seeds in hot water (50°C) for ten minutes and last was the untreated or control. For each treatment, a germination test was conducted using the rolled paper technique. The germination samples were placed inside a polyethylene bag to conserve its moisture. The treatments were checked periodically and supplemented if needed. After one week, the seeds that germinated were counted.
The number of normal seedlings and the percentage of germination were computed by dividing the number of normal seedlings by the total number of seeds sown and multiplied by one hundred. In the effect of initial moisture content on the storability of rice seeds, two seedlots of rice were obtain at the same harvested time. One seedliot was dried to a moisture content of eighteen to twenty percent and another dried to moisture content of fourteen percent and below. Seeds were kept three months in paper bags at ordinary room condition. Germination test conducted for both treatments using fifty seeds replicated two times.
A rolled filter paper technique was used and germination samples were kept inside polyethylene bags. The first three counts were made after three days and final count at seven days. Percentage germination were computed and results compared. In storability of recalcitrant seeds, Theobroma cacao (cacao) fruit was divided into two equal parts. The seed was extracted and cleaned. The first treatment was consisting of freshly extracted seeds while the other treatment was stored for one week under ordinary room condition. Using sand as medium, ten seeds were germinated for each treatment and replicated twice.