Victoria was born on May 9, 2009 at 6:32pm. She is three-fourths Italian and one-fourth Puerto Rican. She is an only child and has few friends her age outside of her daycare that she plays with. Her mother and father are now both living in the same home as Victoria after recently being separated and sharing custody for almost eight months. She seems to really enjoy having both of her parents in the home at the same time. Victoria has a one year old dog whose name is ”Marley” and she is a Boxer. Victoria received her dog as a gift for Christmas when she was about two years old. Victoria is now two and a half years old and has had no health issues except for the very common cold a few times a year. It does not seem that Victoria has any stresses outside of what is normal for a girl her age. Her so called ‘stresses’ are in correspondence to the household rules. Victoria goes to “KinderCare;” a daycare, while her mother and father are at work.
Victoria attends daycare from 8am to 6pm Monday through Thursday. Victoria stays with a grandparent for one day every weekend, taking turns between her mother’s parents and her father’s parents. Victoria wakes up between 7:30am and 8:00am every day and eats breakfast within a half an hour of waking up. Her parents are very strict with the foods that she eats. For breakfast she will usually have a granola bar with peaches or oranges, oatmeal, cereal or yogurt with blueberries. Victoria will not eat eggs as she does not like the texture, however, she did eat more than usual one day when her mother put a drop of green dye into her eggs. Victoria will usually eat lunch at her daycare, and according to the daycare teacher she eats well. On the day she eats lunch at home she always asks for chicken nuggets. Dinner is usually around 6:30pm and always includes a vegetable, starch and some sort of meat. Victoria loves to eat vegetables and has since she was a baby.
Establishing discipline through authoritative parenting is an effective style because it displays secure emotional development, allows a higher quality of supportive peer relationships and enhances problem-solving skills for the child. Research has shown that authoritative parenting is the most effective style of parenting. Authoritative parenting is the one style that promotes equal involvement ...
Victoria’s bed time is between 9:00pm and 9:30pm and she has a routine before bed which includes: Potty time, brushing her teeth, reading books while in bed, singing in bed with the lights out, and then going to sleep. It is my understanding that Victoria’s mother is the primary parent in the home; setting and enforcing the rules, has the responsibility of the bed time routine, making all meals, bathing Victoria, and being a very active parent, somewhat over shining Victoria’s father. According to a recent study it is said that “with the current focus on shared parenting, there is clearly data to support the involvement of both parents in the care and nurturing of their child.” (Hartson, J. 2010) Both of Victoria’s parents agree that Victoria’s father is the less strict of the two parents, and easily molds the rules. Victoria’s mother finds it important to stick with the rules and to keep a consistent schedule, and Victoria’s father states he finds it important as well, but is not consistent with the rules and schedule because he feels “a kid needs to be a kid.
“When Victoria plays at home she likes to involve her parents in her play more than playing in her room by herself. Victoria has a kitchen in her room and enjoys making pretend dishes for her parents to try. Usually when Victoria is playing at home she will be seen with a baby in her hands pretending to be mommy. Victoria also loves to watch television; her favorite television show is “Sesame Street;” particularly “Elmo’s World,” and her favorite movie is “Space Buddies,” and “Bolt.” Victoria is very into dogs, babies, and princessesVictoria is almost potty trained. Her parents have been consistent with potty time for the last four months, and the encouragement to use the ‘big girl potty’ continues when she goes to daycare. Most times Victoria is running around the house naked because if she has a diaper on she will take advantage of the diaper and forget to tell her parents that she has to use the potty.
Mothers make better parents then fathers Ladies and gentlemen the subject under discussion today is that mothers make better parents then fathers. I firmly counter the motion. Honorable judges I would like to point out that my identity is by my father and even this gentlemen sitting here has his last name after his father's. for that matter nobody here is recognized by their mother; s name. It is ...
Some current issues that may affect Victoria are the different types of parenting styles that her parents have. Upon my observation I did notice Victoria’s mother being more persistent and involved. Her mother would engage herself into Victoria’s play and her father would usually only be involved when Victoria came to him.
Victoria’s personality is very strong. She is very outgoing and not a slight bit shy. Victoria’s mother and I went to the grocery store with Victoria and she smiled, waived ‘hello’, or acted playful with strangers. Victoria’s mother is just now starting to teach her “Stranger Danger.” Victoria does have great manners and uses the words “Please, thank you, you’re welcome, and excuse me,” on a consistent basis. Victoria’s parents are always reminding her to use her manners. Although Victoria is a very strong and opinionated girl, she is extremely gentle, sweet and it seems considerate of others feelings. Victoria’s father was pretend crying because she would not give him a hug; due to her involvement on jumping on the couch, and Victoria went up to her father and hugged and patted her father on his back and said gently “Daddy, no crying.”Research FocusParental involvement plays an important role in the development of both social and cognitive competence (Berger, Kathleen S. 2009, p. 290).
I find that within my observation, Victoria’s parents have different parenting styles. I found that her mother’s style is authoritative parenting and her father’s is a permissive parenting style. I can see how these two different parenting styles have taken an effect on Victoria’s development. I observed the characteristics of parenting styles and compared them to a parenting style chart (Berger, Kathleen S. 2009, p. 289, table 10.1) and found the chart to be very accurate. The discipline was very accurate when comparing to the chart as the permissive parents discipline was ‘rare’ and the authoritative parents discipline was ‘moderate with much discussion.’ I observed Victoria’s mother being persistent with rules and every time after Victoria had a ‘time-out’ her mother would explain why she went into time-out, explain why not to behave the way she did, and then pick her up and hug and comfort her.
Abstract For a couple experiencing the birth of their first child, this period can be one of great change and unsettlement, but it is a most common example of change within a marital relationship. Several studies have proposed that couples find that the transition into parenthood the most demanding with the birth of their first child. Research indicates that it is typical for couples to experience ...
When the father put Victoria into time-out he would usually allow her to come out of time-out without his permission and would not discuss why she went into time-out. It is clear to me that the parenting styles of both parents are not in alliance. I observed Victoria’s mother and father disagreeing on one another’s parenting styles a few times which concludes that there is unresolved marital conflict which can affect her development. Repeated exposure to angry, acrimonious, and unresolved martial conflict may lead to heightened emotional arousal, sensitization to conflict, and inability to regulate negative affect and behavior, and a lack of emotional security in children (Hetherington, Eileen 1999, p. 93) fortunately I have not observed any of those characteristics in Victoria’s personality however, there is a great possibility that she could obtain them in the future if her parent’s parenting styles stay the same.
Domains of developmentCognitive Development-From birth to two years of age Victoria was in the sensorimotor stage of development according to Piaget. Based on observations of Victoria, it is assumed that she met all of her cognitive stages around the normal age that is expected. For the first month, her reflexes were the most important interaction, and by four months old her actions were combined into one activity. Between five and eight months, Victoria began interacting with outside objects, and by the end of her first year, she gained object permanence. By the time she was one and a half years old, experimentation was exciting and she performed actions to see what would happen in counter action. Victoria is now in Piaget’s preoperational stage, using her imagination with a lot of pretend play. Victoria is also showing her first stages of problem solving.
Do Mothers and Fathers typically seek to socialize children into conventional masculinity and femininity Whether you are born male or female will be of major consequence for all aspects of your life: for the expectations others in society will have of you, for your treatment by other people and for your own behavior. This is true no matter what society someone is born into, although the ...
I wanted to see how she would react when she saw her mother and father both wanting to play with a balloon at the same time. Victoria had a balloon in her hand and her mother and father asked her at the same time if they could hold the balloon. Victoria said “mommy, daddy, share.” She walked up to her mother first and gave her the balloon for a couple of seconds and then she said “okay mommy, daddy’s turn, you share,” and then gave the balloon to her father. At two years of age it is expected that the child’s sentence length be between two and six words. I observed Victoria using six and sometimes seven words in a sentence. Victoria has learned to count to five and surprisingly could identify a number when it was shown to her in a flash card test. Victoria also knows all the words to the children’s song “Twinkle- Twinkle,” and does a fairly good job singing the alphabet and recognizing a few letters from the alphabet.
Biosocial Development-Victoria’s height and weight have always been in the fiftieth percentile, which is quite average according to Victoria’s Pediatrician. Currently Victoria is 2”11′ and weighs 29 pounds. Victoria seems to be where expected in motor skills as well; she loves to climb and jump and run all for the pure enjoyment of doing so. She especially loves to climb on her parents and loves it when her father or mother gives her a piggy back ride. While coloring with Victoria I observed that she was really trying to draw something specific rather than just scribbling. At one point while coloring with her she started to draw circles and explained to me that they were circles. She then drew more circles but this time explained to me that they were ‘eyes.’
Victoria is able to feed herself with utensils and even at one point in my observation picked up a knife and tried to cut her bread with it using it properly but of course it was quickly taken away by her mother and explained that it is ”dangerous.” Victoria can drink from a regular cup and also likes to show how good she is at carrying her food and drink away from the table without spilling it. It seems Victoria is also experiencing the “Just right” phenomenon as she prefers to have things done in a particular order, had strong preferences for certain foods and enjoyed particularly the princess shirt she was wearing and insisted on wearing her princess boots outside rather than the ones her mother picked for her.
The protagonist William Henry Devereaux, Jr appears to play a role of a spoiled child, a typical example of one being groomed by a successful family of scholars, whose expectations are high in Richard Russo's "Dog." Devereaux used to behave in a way that no one would expect a child of academic nomads to act. He was an exceptional child. "It is not an easy time for any parent, this moment when the ...
Psychosocial Development-Victoria seems to also be doing well in her psychosocial development. In an observation of her and her mother putting on play makeup and playing dress up her mother invited her to let daddy play too and Victoria responded with “No mommy, daddies don’t wear makeup.” This clearly shows that she has developed stereotypic concepts of sex differences. Victoria’s emotional development seems to be right where it should be at her age. Victoria shows self esteem in every movement. When Victoria had went potty on her own without her parents noticing, while still on the potty she said very loudly and full of excitement “I went Potty, yay!,” and started to clap for herself. Once everyone was aware, everyone started clapping and making a big deal out of her going potty and then she had started skipping across the room and did a few circles. Victoria also likes to dance and sing and sometimes she will tell her parents if singing with her “No, my turn, I do it, I sing,” and enjoys showing off her voice and her knowledge of the song.
Victoria has learned emotional regulation, although it is of course not mastered as she will often throw tantrums as the normal toddler does if something does not go her way. I did observe that emotional regulation was being taught as when she got really upset over her dog Marley taking her spot on the couch she was comforted by her mother and had quickly calmed down. Victoria is in Erikson’s second stage of psychosocial development. The will: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (Wikipedia, 2009).
It is clear that Victoria likes to do things on her own without the help of her parents or even me.
During my observation I sat down with Victoria to read a book to her and she did let me read the first few, however, after the first few she wanted to hold the book, turn the pages and read to me. When Victoria went potty in her ‘big girl potty’ she wanted to get the toilet paper off of the roll herself and then grabbed the bowl beneath the seat to dump the potty down the larger toilet and flushed. Victoria also attempted putting her socks and shoes on by herself and also picked out a movie that she wanted to watch, opened the DVD case, pulled out the movie and gave it to her father to put in the DVD player.
Child development has been a topic of interest of most developmental psychologists, especially in terms of the relationship between a parent and a child (Eisenberg et al. , 2009). There has been considerable effort in establishing a cause-and-effect relationship between a particular approach that a parent employs and the resulting behavior in a child. Unfortunately, the precise connection has been ...
ConclusionMy analysis of the information I have collected from this case study has led me to believe that Victoria is a very average, healthy child who has quite the personality and should be a strong successful woman one day. The only concern that I seemed to have found was the different parenting styles of her mother and father. So far it does not seem as though she is affected in any way or confused about morals, rules or behavior as a cause from her mother and father’s different parenting styles. Observing Victoria was a great experience for me, I really enjoyed the opportunity to analyze and study her qualities and behavior.
Victoria was such a great subject for my case because she was exciting and loved to include me in her play, therefore making it easy to understand how she interacts with strangers and how she has developed physically, emotionally and socially. Being able to observe her and compare it to what I have learned in class really helped me to understand the class a little better as well as the domains of development. Victoria is a wonderful girl and I personally believe that from my observations she is developed in every way a girl her age should be.
Berger, Kathleen S. (2009) The Developing ChildHARTSON, J. (2010).
Children with Two Homes: Creating Developmentally Appropriate Parenting Plans for Children Ages Zero to Two. American Journal of Family Law, 23(4), 191-199. Retrieved from Academic Search Elite database.
Hetherington, Eileen (1999) Coping with divorce, single parenting, and remarriage.
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia (2009) Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Erikson%27s_stages_of_psychosocial_development&oldid=328454478