In our setting all of the policies and procedures safeguard children in our care . Everyone involved in the care of children has a role to play in child protection. I work with under 5 years old children, who are more vulnerable. We must provide a significant duty of care, supervise all the children at all time, protect them from any harmful or dangerous situation. Task 1. 2: 2 How duty of care contributes to the safeguarding or protection of individuals In our setting we safeguard children in various ways,such as: • risk assessment – risks assessment are extremely important and must be implemented and met all time.
Risk assessment are designed to ensure the Health and Safety of everyone who enters into the nursery. The nursery has many risk assessments and are carried out and reviewed on regular or daily basis. For example, opening and closing check, before children come to the nursery every morning we do risk assessment which includes toys ,rooms, toilet, fire exit, garden area, all equipments etc, ensure they are safe for children. Once any risks or potential hazards have been found we sort out as soon as possible , if there are any risks can not be solved immediately we write down and report to line manager or manager.
At the end of the day, when all the children have gone home, we do the whole nursery checks, use antibacterial liquid to clean up the room. Toys are disinfected every two weeks. Babies’ bottle ,beaks, dummies are sterilised after been used. • Observations: written observation and photo observation are carried out every two month, assessments are produced meanwhile to show if children’s seven area developments as expected for their age, according to the assessment, plan suitable activities for their next step. If their progress id not as expected, we will take action with parents and other professionals.
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For example there is a child who is 3 half years old , only can speak few words and also not a clear pronunciation, we concern the language development may delay, so we arranged a meeting with mum, and request BEAN to identify weather he need additional support. •Behaviour: in our nursery we believe in promoting positive behaviour at all times and set clear expected rules and boundaries for children behaviour. The children will be rewarded by staff using verbal praise and visual aids, i. e. sticker charts if needed to meet children individual needs.
Also we use strategies to solve some unacceptable behaviour which might distress other children. For instance, there is a child sometimes whose behaviour is unwanted, his action hurts other children, even interact other children’s behaviour. We try using “happy face & sad face” to show if he behaves properly and explain why. Also we keep be positive to him, writing down what he has done well on a sticker to encourage him. Moreover we work with parents and BEAN, find out the ways to help him, transfer his time from busy afternoon into less busy mornings.
After many efforts the child has distinctive changes. • Child abuse: as a member of staff we are in the position to be able to observe any changes in child’s behaviour and appearance. Follow the nursery Safeguarding Policy if a staff suspects that a child is being abused or ill treated the staff has duty of care to take action on behalf of child concerned, any sign or mark which may be cause for concerns we fill out incident form and discuss with parents/carers and the outcome will be recorded. If any quires arise from the meeting, then the local Safeguarding Children Board will be notified.
All the information is kept in child’s file which remains in the office locked in a filing cabinet. If worrying changes occur in child’s behaviour, a separate observation record will be needed with timed and dated over a period of time, this will be remain confidential. The using of violence or abuse by any member of staff will result in disciplinary action taking. Staff must not use corporal punishment in any form and must not threaten any form of punishment which could have an impact on child’s well being. • Confidentiality: staff at the nursery will be expected at all time to maintain high level of confidentiality.
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Any nursery issues or personal information given will be treated in confidence and will not be discussed with anyone else unless the permission is given. If a child suspect to being abused, all the concerns will be treated in strictest confidence and only the necessary people involved will be informed. Everyone has the right to keep information confidential and the confidentiality policy must be met at all time, if anyone is found to break this policy then may lead to disciplinary action taking place. Task 2a: 3 Potential conflicts or dilemmas that may arise between the duty of care and individual’s rights
Duty of care is so important in work with children , however sometimes there are conflicts or dilemmas between duty of care and children’s or families’ individual rights. So we should balance duty of care with rights and responsibilities, decide which has more priority in certain case. Here are some areas. Risk taking: in our setting we safeguard children, protect them from harm or dangerous situation . However children have rights to play, explore and experience life . So risk taking and element challenge are the ways to help their physical emotional and social development.
Therefore our staff need to take responsibility more seriously, find out potential hazards, encourage children learn how to avoid the dangerous situation. For instance there are bushes in our garden , if children enter the bush, they may scratched by some branches, but they really want to go in there to explore wild life,i. e. snails,worms,leaves. When children enter the bush we make sure they wear proper clothes, long sleeves, long trousers,wellies and always accompanied by adults. Confidentiality: follow the confidentiality policy, children and parents have their privacy life, all the information must be kept confidential .
Keeping children healthy and safe is very important. To ensure children’s health, safety and wellbeing every home nations has sets of standards or welfare requirements which settings must meet. The standards vary from country to country, but they all exists in order to protect children. Child care practitioner need to be familiar with minimum Welfare requirements, Safeguarding children, Promoting ...
We share the information only the permission is given. But if a child is suspected of being abused by family member, the information have to share with other professionals , we put the welfare on the priority, sometimes without the consent of parents being sought first. Task 2b: 4 Where to get additional support and advice about conflicts and dilemmas At nursery we follow the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum, which afford us the standards for learning,development and care for young children. Should we have any conflicts or dilemmas about risk taking we can speak to a senior staff or manager.
If we have any suspicious about a child being abused, we follow the procedure, speak to the manager, if necessary other professional agencies will be notified. Here are some professional agencies we can get support: Bexley Early Assessment Need Team Around the Child Bexley Safeguarding Children Service Police Child Abuse Investigation Team Task 3. 1 5 How to respond to complaints Due to the conflicts and dilemmas between the duty of care and individual rights, inevitably parents/carers may have some concerns or discontentment about their child’s right has not been met correctly.